The breed of jersey cows is considered to be quite rare in our country. However, with a quality approach, milk production can reach the same high level as in its homeland. Consider the characteristics of this nurse in more detail.
Jersey breed of cows credited to the oldest varieties. It was bred on the island of Jersey, located between England and France. This species is the result of breeding work aimed at improving the local British and Norman cattle. Particular attention during the selection was given indicators of fat and milk content.
In 1789 a law was passed, according to which the import of pedigree cattle was banned. Therefore, since then, breeding of a jersey breed in a purebred form has been maintained. When breeding was actively used inbreeding. The first tribal book was created in 1866, and its first volume was published in 1872.
Jersey breed of cows quickly gained popularity due to excellent productivity. In the first half of the nineteenth century, livestock began to be exported to the territory of England and America, and later to the regions of Australia, Africa and New Zealand. Today, jersey storks are in special demand in previously listed countries, as well as in Denmark, Canada and France. In Russia, this breed can be found within the Moscow region.
The cow is assigned to the dairy type, which affects the characteristic light structure of the body. The body of the cows is elongated and angular. The height at the withers is only 120 centimeters. The neck of the animal is thin, and the back seems to sag inward. The chest is deep, the tail is slightly raised.
One of the main features is the head of a small size with rather disproportionately massive brow ridges. The forehead is depressed and wide, the orbits are strongly developed and set far apart. The area of the nasal mirror is dark and with a light ring of hair. The color of the suit is light brown or red, sometimes there are individuals of a dark shade, as well as white markings on the legs.
The cup-shaped udder differs in rather large sizes. This structure of the body allows you to get milk without difficulty. It would seem that the appearance of jersey cows does not contain flaws. But unfortunately, it is available. The back of the hull is set unusually wide for a cow.
Milk production is very high. The yield per year reaches 4500 kilograms. With strong immunity and diligently chosen diet indicators can be about eleven thousand kilograms. In this case, milk fat is never less than five percent.
Feed consumption per liter of milk - 0.8 feed unit. Meat quality is extremely low. The maximum weight of adult cows is 400 kilos, so this breed can never be a source of meat.