Dairy-type whiskers have an elongated body, high legs and, in comparison with other species, have more developed organs. This structure allows you to quickly process food and grass in high-quality milk. In terms of the number of milks, the Holstein breed of cows deservedly ranks among the favorites. Let's get acquainted with the Frisian cows closer.
The Friesian breed (second name Holstein) is a cattle of the dairy direction of productivity. By the number of individuals is the most common dairy breed on the planet. Holstein cows are often used for breeding related breeds and crossing with other species. The reason for this popularity are excellent genes and qualitative characteristics. Take a look at the photo, you must have seen it repeatedly!
Homeland Frisian beauties - Holland. The history of the breed began back in 1852, when the American V.Chenery acquired a cow from the captain of the ship from the Netherlands. The adaptation of the animal was successful, which caused a huge demand for the breed.
By 1905, several thousand heads of a Dutch cow arrived in North America. The development and improvement of the breed now took place in the United States and Canada, and European countries worked on breeding black-and-white rooted cows. The official name "Holstein" was assigned to the breed in 1983.
The constitution of the body is strong and elongated, which is clearly seen in the photo. The udder is cupped, the veins on which are pronounced. The thorax is wide enough, about 65 cm, deep - 86 cm. The height of the female individuals reaches 150 cm at the withers, and the male - 162 cm.
Representatives of this species are rather large. Living body weight is 700-1180 kg. Being born, bull-calves weigh 44-47 kg, and chicks - 38-42 kg. With a quality diet, the weight can significantly exceed the standard indicators. Looking at the photo of the Frisian cow, you will mark its massive form.
Color Frisian cows black and motley. Sometimes there are black cows, even more rarely - red and motley. A variety of markings are observed in the lower part of the body or on the head.
The udder index ranges from 38-62%. During the day, with two times decanting, about 65 kg of milk are obtained from the cow. The total yield is indicated within 6600-7100 l. The maximum speed of return of milk reaches 3,5 kg a minute! Despite the fact that the breed in question belongs to the dairy species, the meat of Holstein cows has a good characteristic and has excellent taste.
Curious!Golshtinsky burenka steadily takes primacy in the volume of milk and fat produced during lactation. In 1983, an absolute record was recorded: 25 tons and 248 liters of milk for 305 days. The lifetime record for milk production fell in 1985 - 712 kg.
If you are thinking about purchasing a Dutch cow, you should be aware of its whimsicality. These cows carefully monitor their hygiene and require quality care for themselves and their habitat. The lack of preventive measures and examinations at the vet can lead to infection with severe infections. In general, their health is quite strong.
In terms of food picky. Depending on the time of year they require different cultures for food. In winter, they prefer to eat hay from legumes, soybeans, and cereal corn, and in summer, green fodder. Holstein cows need reusable and abundant food, the absence of which leads to a significant decrease in productivity. Therefore, this subspecies cannot be attributed to economical livestock options.