The most common hoof diseases in cows

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The little cow is a very hardworking animal. She spends most of her life on her feet, walking through pastures and decanting milk. Therefore, hoof disease in cows, unfortunately, is considered to be a fairly common problem. Let's talk about these ailments in our article.

Open and closed lesions are the founders of various hoof diseases. The lack of proper conditions of maintenance and nutrition, illiterate setting of limbs and careless care of the hoof sooner or later lead to problems. Often, a running process requires surgical treatment and long-term rehabilitation of the body as a whole.

It is possible to secure the claws of a female cow from various diseases by means of high-quality cutting and clearing. But if it was not possible to prevent the illness, it is necessary to immediately consult a specialist. An experienced veterinarian will diagnose and prescribe a treatment algorithm.

Phlegmon

Cellulitis is an inflammation of fiber, which is located under the main skin of the corolla. Often this disease occurs as a result of secondary injuries and infectious lesions. Contributing to the occurrence of phlegmon is the possible presence of another serious disease, reduced immunity, or long walks on a muddy road.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Limp of leaning limb;
  • Swelling of the front and intercameral surfaces;
  • Overhang of the ungulate wall;
  • The depressed state of the animal;
  • Reduced milk yield.
  • Creating a silent atmosphere;
  • Placement of a cow on a comfortable, voluminous type;
  • The imposition of alcohol compresses to release pus to the surface.

Aseptic Pododermatitis

This disease is characterized by inflammation of the base of the skin of the hoof. It occurs as a result of driving animals along rough stone roads, which leads to bruises in the area of ​​the sole and walls of the hoof. If an infection enters the body, suppurative dermatitis is not excluded.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Widely spaced limbs;
  • Crossed limbs;
  • Spotted horn stains in colors from yellow to purple;
  • The hoof becomes very hot when the content of purulent clots in it;
  • Severe pain of the hoof during palpation.
  • Placement of cows on a fresh, comfortable bedding;
  • Intravenous administration of a 0.25 percent solution of novocaine;
  • Treatment of the wound with 10% iodoform, furatsilina and rivanol;
  • Applying cooling compresses in the first three days of treatment, and after - on the contrary warming;
  • Applying dressings with anesthetic ointments and powders;
  • The use of hypertonic baths for dressing with the addition of an antiseptic and a solution of medium salts.

Laminitis

This disease is characterized by the formation of excess fluid and blood clots in the soft tissues of the hoof. Ignoring the disease leads to deformation of the stratum corneum. It may be caused by the lack of systematic nutrition and comfortable living conditions, at least - during pregnancy.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Sharp pain;
  • Difficulty in movement and stability on the limbs;
  • Without treatment, a large wound occurs.
  • Pruning of the cornea;
  • Regular hygiene maintenance.

Erosion

The hooves of cows consist of two halves. As a result, the appearance of erosion is not synchronous development of parts of the hoof, which leads to problematic movement.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The outer part of the hoof looks higher than the inner;
  • The cow is experiencing an uneven load, standing on his feet;
  • The formation of painful suppuration;
  • Damage to soft tissue.
  • To align the balance to the sore hoof secured a solid heel. It helps to lift a sore hoof and take the strain off a healthy limb.

Joint diseases

The problem of diseases of the joints in cattle faced by many livestock breeders. If such a problem was detected during the diagnosis, the treatment should be coordinated. This unpleasant pathology is surgical and is divided into two subspecies: aseptic and traumatic. Getting rid of the disease is protracted.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Reshaping the joint;
  • Severe swelling;
  • Sharp rise in body temperature;
  • It is difficult for a cow to arrive in a lying posture: she is forced to be in a hanging position;
  • The appearance of apathy.
  • Regular massage of the affected area;
  • The use of ultraviolet lamps;
  • Changing the diet in favor of taking alfalfa;
  • Mandatory supervision by a veterinarian.

Lameness

In the cold period, you may encounter the problem of lameness, when the animal is locked up for a long time. Lack of regular movement leads to the growth of the hoof. To prevent the disease, cut off the excess part of the hoof at least four times a year.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The hoof itself consists of two parts and both its halves are covered with a stratum corneum. The stratum corneum is composed of living tissue enriched with a large number of blood vessels and nerve endings. Their damage leads to lameness, which complicates the process of movement of the animal, bringing him painful sensations.
  • Severe inflammation causes a rise in the temperature of the cow and in severe cases leads to death.
  • Correct lameness yourself is not recommended. To eliminate the disease, you must resort to the help of a specialist. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the cow will be turned into a specialized pen to keep the animal from escaping. Then the hooves are cleaned with a special knife, removing the affected tissue. But if you can not turn to a specialist, then try to do the procedure at home, without letting the problem flow by itself.

Strawberry disease

The disease is characterized by a change in the skin in the area of ​​the hoof diadem or at the base of the slit. The peel is covered with small bumps, becoming red in color, resembling a strawberry fruit. Often the disease goes away by itself with careful care. Vaccines created against this disease often do not have any effect.

Injury

No cow is insured against mechanical damage. This happens during careless transportation or due to heavy object strikes. Unfortunately, a bruise happens quite often and it is difficult to protect a cow from it.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The formation of painful swelling;
  • The affected area is hot to the touch;
  • The affected area varies in color from black to yellow;
  • Bone fracture;
  • Fever.
  • The cow is placed in a quiet place;
  • The skin is lubricated with a 5% alcoholic solution of iodine;
  • Applying water compresses of potassium permanganate;
  • For severe forms, apply cold and tight, tight dressings;
  • Fulfillment of clear prescription from a veterinarian.

If you notice that something is wrong with your cow's limbs - do not despair. Remember that hoof diseases are eliminated easily in the early stages. The main rule: act quickly and organized. An animal is as vulnerable as a human. Pay special attention to hygiene and bad weather will bypass your yard.

Video "Hoof trimming in Denmark"

In the end, we propose to view the story about trimming hoofs in Denmark.

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