Making the most popular hive in the world - Langstroth Ruta

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Despite the fact that this design is almost 150 years old, it remains the most popular among beekeeping in the world. We are talking about the hive of Langstrooth-Ruta, who was honored to carry the name of its creators in the title. In comparison with the more familiar for our compatriots hive Dadan, it has a number of fundamental differences. In our article you will find not only the pros and cons of the evidence of Ruth, but also recommendations on how to make it yourself.

Overview and features of the hive

A unique feature of this design is that the Ruta hive is practically the only multi-hull home for bees of its kind. Its stores are completely identical to the buildings. This makes it possible at any time to turn the store into a full-fledged nest, adding only the necessary elements. The standard frame size is 446 by 232 mm. Depending on the frame used, the shells may have different sizes, but most often in this design it is the Ruth frames that are used. Each housing is designed for 10 frames.

The size of the hives can be different, because you can find two, and three, and four-storey structures.
A distinctive feature of the Langstroth design is that it slightly reduced the frame dimensions, which made it possible to make the hive more compact and simplify the work with it. Large nesting compartments contribute to high fertility of the uterus. The family grows, and with it the amount of honey grows.

The principle of keeping bees in this evidence is based on the characteristics of their behavior. Under natural conditions, the bees fill the honeycomb from top to bottom. This happens inside the hive, but when the chambers are swapped, the toilers are inside an empty case filled with wax and wrinkles. Their dwelling turns out to be torn, as it were, and the main task is to restore its integrity as soon as possible. A month later, this manipulation is repeated, at the same time, the department where the uterus is located is closed with a special grid through which an ordinary worker bee can pass. Thus, for the season you can get two to three times more honey than with ordinary evidence.

Virtues

In recent years, more and more beekeepers goes to the evidence of Ruta. This is due to the fact that they have undeniable advantages. Here are the main ones:

  • the special design maximally simplifies the work on the apiary;
  • the time required to perform these same works is reduced;
  • the number of bee colonies increases, which, consequently, increases the amount of honey;
  • all frames are the same size;
  • Each individual case has a small weight, which simplifies working with it.

disadvantages

Oddly enough, but the hive Langstroth-Ruta has its drawbacks. Of course, they are insignificant, and mostly tangible for those that only comprehends the basics of beekeeping. The biggest problem is completing the store with bees and honey, due to its larger size. It is important to consider that when installing a whole store, the useful volume of evidence is almost doubled. The consequence of this may be hypothermia bees, so this problem should be taken seriously.

Despite this, these minor drawbacks fade in front of enviable advantages, so the choice in favor of Rue’s hives is obvious.

Making your own hands

Like everything that can be found on sale, Langstroth-Ruta hive can be made with your own hands. Naturally, in addition to a sense of pride when looking at this masterpiece, you can save a decent amount. And if you make several hives at once, the family budget will thank you very much. In addition to the desire to create, you will need minimal construction skills and some tools. But more about that below.

Required materials and tools

  • timber or rake;
  • board 10-15 mm thick for the roof;
  • board 22-40 mm thick for the case;
  • screwdriver or hammer;
  • screws or nails;
  • saw.

Step-by-step instruction

  1. First we collect the inner walls of the hive. For this, boards with a thickness of 22-40 mm are cut into segments of the required length and joined together with a quarter adhesive or into a tongue. The approximate dimensions of the side walls - 530x320 mm, and the front and rear - 605x320 mm.
  2. Next, go to the outer walls. We are interested in front and back. For them, you can take boards of smaller thickness. We collect the pieces into shields, but do not use glue. Approximate dimensions of the outer walls are 675x500 mm.
  3. Each board for the outer wall is nailed alternately, adjusting it to the size of the evidence.
  4. We insert the inner walls and fix them with nails, driving in not at full length. Align the corners, exposing them strictly at 90 °. To make the values ​​as accurate as possible, the whole structure should be placed on a flat surface, for example, a table.
  5. Before installing the bottom and roof, it is necessary to make the upper and lower branches. The dimensions of the lower one are 10x250 mm (we have 50 mm from the right side), and the upper one is 10x100 mm (with a space of 30 mm from the upper bars and 120 mm from the right wall). All this with the setting frame.
  6. Now is the time to do the roof. We make it with a rectangular gable and ceiling, between which we leave a gap for ventilation. This gap will provide ventilation in the summer, and for the winter it can be closed.
  7. Our hive is almost ready. It is important to note that the store is no different from the nesting compartment, and at its lower edge there are no different strips and folds, which, as practice has shown, do not perform any useful functions. The store can be installed under the nest compartment or make it a separate part. Frames buy ready-made or do it yourself. Detailed instructions on how to make a framework, you can find in our previous publication - //zoohoz.ru/pchelovodstvo/uli/ramki-svomi-rukami-11866/.

Now you are the owner of one of the best models of beehives, and you will be able to evaluate all its advantages in practice.

Photo Gallery

Photo 1. Scheme-drawing evidence Langstroth-Ruta Photo 2. Ulya Ruta wintering in omshanik Photo 3. Ready homemade beehive on the grass

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