There are a number of factors that affect the life span of rabbits. This topic is especially interesting for breeders at the beginning of the rabbit breeding activity. The number of years the animals have lived directly depends on the owner, since it is he who decides his fate. In the article we will describe how this figure differs from domestic, wild and decorative animals. You will learn to notice the signs of an aging individual, and learn about ways to combat them.
How many years does the life of wild rabbits last?
Biologists, observing representatives of the hare family in the wild, compared the free conditions with the content of animals at home or in rabbitries. As a result, we came to the conclusion that the life time of rabbits depends entirely on the habitat, including the quality of the feed.
Free wild animals on average live about 2-3 years. Extend their existence prevent hungry predators, weather conditions, poor nutrition and disease. Many newborn rabbits die in minks, being flooded by rainwater flows.
In conditions of every second concentration of attention, constant care and an endless search for food, the rabbit will not live long - it will definitely give way to slack. And then dies from the teeth of predators, from cold, hunger or disease.
Everything is decided by the owner
Rabbit breeders of any rank determine the life expectancy of pets based on feasibility for the household. On average, farmed eared rarely live longer than 7-8 months.
This age is suitable for animals and meat, and skins farms, as is usually already the maximum weight and passed all age molting. From the moment when the rabbit no longer gains weight, it becomes unprofitable to contain it.
A person may well shorten the life of animals, starting slaughter in 3-4 months, when the meat is more tender and tasty. For the continuation of the breed of highly fertile females and males-producers contain an average of 3-4 years, especially productive can live up to 5 years.
Despite the fact that the conditions on the rabbit farms are favorable, wild rabbits will not live at home for a long time.
Ordinary production rabbits, if taken into the house as a pet, can live for 7-8 years with good care, some individuals - up to 10 years.
Hanging ears lengthen life
The average lifespan of decorative rabbits is 5-8 years. But some individuals live to 10-12.
The number of Earth years in eared pets is influenced by various factors. How much the decorative rabbit lives depends on:
- conditions of detention;
- congenital health;
- opportunities to communicate with their own kind.
Experts have found that the life span of decorative rabbits is often dependent on the ears and body size. The owners of erect ears - about 7-8 years, and in lop-eared two years more - 9-10.
In dwarf (mini) breeds of home decorative eared, life lasts 5-7 years. It turns out that they are less than the rest will please the owners with their existence.
Large decorative fluffies will live a little longer, and long-livers among the household are considered decorative, not dwarf, with their ears down - lop-eared. But, regardless of the breed you choose, you can help extend the life of pets.
What can shorten the life of eared animals
As we have said, the life expectancy of a rabbit on a farm is directly related to the production task of a particular farm. If the breed of animals is meat, they are grown to the maximum possible weight. If the animals are fur, then the owner achieves maximum productivity from the skin. The average life expectancy of ordinary street rabbits raised on such farms is 1-3 years.
However, there are factors that can reduce the life of rabbits off-schedule. These include: poor heredity, low immunity and unfavorable living conditions.
If the rabbit received from weak or sick parents, then his health will be poor. Poor care and poor-quality or poor nutrition reduce the lifespan of rabbits. Immunity in adverse conditions is greatly reduced, so animals can easily become infected with infectious diseases and die.
What prolongs the life of a lagomorpha
Think about how many years to live, the rabbit does not have to. This dilemma for him can solve the owner.
But, unfortunately, it happens that diseases or accidents affect how many years the rabbits live. Extend the life of your wards can, creating favorable living conditions. All the details in the articles "On the breeding of rabbits at home for beginners" and "On the breeding of rabbits in the condition of the farm."
It is very important to take care of the psyche of animals, because hares are very shy. They can even get sick from the fact that they are neglected, not to mention the stress associated with a harsh shout to them.
Decorative rabbit at home will live longer if it is neutered. Veterinarians are advised to do this procedure to avoid body wear, in the event that you do not plan to regularly receive litters from pets. To understand the essence of the operation, read our article "Rabbit Castration: How and Why."
We create favorable conditions
Protect your pet, regardless of whether it is home or contained in a cage on the street, from possible injuries. Check the quality of the houses for the absence of cutting, piercing parts. Watch out for the reliability of the constipation so that the rabbit cannot open the door and fall outside, especially if the dwelling is located high.
Feed your eared only with fresh, high-quality products, give them unlimited access to clean drinking water. Use special drinkers, from which the rabbits can not pour out water and do not get wet.
Clean and disinfect cages, feeders and drinkers regularly. This will save eared from the possibility of infection with infectious diseases. During the work try not to scare the rabbits, do not rattle with tools in their presence.
Extend the life of decorative rabbits
If you are the owner of a domestic long-eared pet - a decorative rabbit, then how many these creatures live will be of particular interest to you.
Initially, genetics has laid down how many years decorative rabbits live. Moreover, the number of years lived in different breeds will be different.
In addition to elementary compliance with the requirements for cleanliness in the rabbit's habitat, for the availability of full, always fresh food and clean drinking water, you can improve the quality and number of rabbit years by providing the animal with the correct daily routine. Let the pet out of the cage every day for at least one hour. Better in the morning - it is then that the animal is most active.
Create for your pet a psychological atmosphere of calm and security.
A good method of extending life is keeping animals in pairs. Communicating with one's fellows favorably affects not only the mood, but also the lifespan of the ornamental rabbit.
Signs of aging
Having described above how many rabbits live, let's talk here about the signs of aging eared.
Of course, old age can be judged simply by the number of years lived. In general, after about 3 years, your ward will inevitably experience some signs of wilting.
The first thing that catches your eye is the appearance of the animal. The hairs begin to fall out, the hair is very thin. Eye sclera become not so transparent, but over the years and grow completely cloudy. Pet belly sags, becomes flabby.
The behavior and needs of eared also gradually change. The appetite gets worse over the years, so the rabbit will eat less food. Playfulness and activity is noticeably reduced - the animal wants to sleep a little longer, to be alone.
Watching the death of a close-eared friend is, of course, painful. But this is an inevitability, to which one must be ready already at the stage of acquiring an animal. Just live with your darling his last days. Be to him as attentive and caring as in his young years.
Among hares there are long-lived. There are cases when domestic rabbits have lived for more than fifteen years. Thus, in the 60s of the last century, the big-eared Flops, domesticated on one of the islands of Australia, lived for 18 years and 10 months, not reaching the mark of 19 years only a little.
And in the Guinness Book of Records another eared milestone was recorded - 17 years. So much lived an American animal nicknamed Du. This long-liver lived in the state of New Jersey. In the world register of famous achievements, he became known as the bunny record holder.
Write in the comments how many years your pets lived, what conditions you created for them to prolong their longevity.
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