The Australian continent is famous for its many strange beasts. Some of them live only in the ethnic homeland, while others are successfully divorced around the world. Such a creature is the Emu ostrich. For many, he is just a character from a picture in a children's book and a strange creature. We will tell in our review how this bird lives and how it is interesting.
Who is Emu: beast or bird?
Emu is one of the largest (second largest in the world) flightless birds. First place is his African fellow. Emu is a large bird, but the myth that it is a beast was common because of its inability to fly. However, ornithologists are unanimous in their decision - it is a bird, not a beast.
The size of an ostrich sometimes reaches up to 2 meters, and weight - up to 60 kg. They run very well and often fly around at a speed of 50 km / hour from predators who hunt them in the Australian expanses. The runners from Emu are beautiful, but in a calm state, when the ostriches know that no one threatens them, they cross the terrain at a speed of up to 7 km / h. On the day the bird is able to walk up to 25 km. In the photo below, you can see the graceful posture and appearance of the bird.
They swim well, but are not satisfied with long distances, preferring to splash around off the coast. This method of bathing allows the ostrich to respond more quickly to the impending danger. The uniqueness of the breed is that the birds perfectly adapt to different temperatures. It is known that some breeders managed to breed even in Siberia. However, it is rather an exception.
Breed is easy to get along with people. Emus ostriches are very friendly, if they feel a good attitude to themselves and quickly get used to the owners, behaving like tame birds. The skeleton of the wing of a bird is underdeveloped, therefore its wings are small, weak, unable to lift a heavy body above the ground. But the legs are very strong. They have three fingers, on average a massive claw is placed, with which an ostrich can wound, if desired.
An adult Australian male ostrich is very similar to a female, and vice versa. There are not so many external signs that reliably indicate a bird field. Most often, only experienced breeders can say a male or female individual in front of them. It is possible to determine the sex only during the mating season - the males behave noisily and in every possible way attract the attention of the females.
Ostrich become sexually mature at 2 years. Having laid the eggs, they throw them and further about the offspring until the hatching cares for the ostrich. An emu is not a family bird, but is kept in groups. During the period of egg production during the season, the female can lay about 50 eggs. In the photo you can see the size and unusual color of the ostrich egg.
Ostrich Emu dwells throughout Australia, and, especially, likes open tracts of land on which to run. The bird does not like dense forests or too dry areas. It is known that the ostrich Emu harms the crops of farmers, so they mercilessly exterminate the birds of this breed. Ideally, in a natural environment, an Emu can live up to 20 years, but in practice its age usually reaches 10.
In the natural range of the emu are quite friendly, but still ornithologists recommend to refrain from feeding these birds from their hands. For such entertainment, it is recommended to visit special reserves or farms where the ostrich also feels good. At present, there are farms with Emu not only in Australia, but also in China, Peru, North America and Canada.Emu's worst enemy is Dingo dog
A favorite place for Emu’s “walks” is agricultural land. Australian farmers even set up a scarecrow in the fields, and also use herding dogs as a guard. However, there are more modern methods of scaring birds from the fields, such as electric alarms. In addition, the emu's worst enemies, the eagles, hawks and Dingo dogs, are eliminated, one of which is depicted in the picture.