We will tell you about how to feed the rabbits with grain and how much it needs, so that there is no negative impact on the body. Eating cereal is very popular due to availability. However, not all cultures are beneficial for eared animals. This feed, in its essence, is called concentrated, since it is saturated with useful elements and quite nutritious. Therefore, it is necessary to correctly calculate the rate of feeding, so that it turned out really balanced.
Cereals in the diet
Grain food is used when feeding rabbits, but each type of grain has its own composition and caloric content. Food should be easily digested by a rabbit. Especially in winter, cereals are good for. If animals eat only hay and vegetables, there is a risk of losing weight.
So, what kind of grain is best suited for rabbits, we will describe further. The following crops are the most suitable for eared feeding:
To make the food balanced, you need to add succulent fodder, hay, protein foods (bone meal, milk powder) to this feed. If this is not done, then avitaminosis can develop in rabbits, metabolic processes are disturbed, and immunity decreases. In some grain crops, carotenoids are completely absent (protection against malignant tumors) and vitamins A, C, and D.
Below we consider which grain is better and more useful, and also, is it possible to feed the rabbits with the above-mentioned cereals all the time?
Barley and oats
These two grain crops, as well as wheat, are the best and optimal for feeding rabbits. Barley, for example, is very suitable for feeding pregnant rabbits and for young stock. Such food provides a good weight gain. It also contains B vitamins, potassium, calcium, and elements such as lysine and choline. All of them support the body, improving the general condition of animals.
Barley is not fed only if the males and females are preparing for mating. This feed can be preferred, but not at this time. It is necessary to be afraid of obesity, and with excess weight the reproductive function is impaired.
In oats, on the contrary, the constituent elements improve reproductive function. One of them is pantothenic acid. It also supports the vigor of the body, improves digestion, promotes the removal of harmful substances from the body of rabbits. This grass, though high-calorie, but does not lead to excessive weight gain. At the same time, its diet can contain up to 50%.
Oats in crushed form can be given to rabbits who are just learning to eat adult food.
For the young - this is a good lure and steamed. The energy value of grain is 336 kcal (proteins 10%, fats 8%, carbohydrates 55%). The composition has silicon, manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt and vitamins of group B.
Animals will receive vitamins B, E and proteins if they are fed to rabbits with wheat. Its feed can contain up to 30%. Rabbits also fit such cereals, they will gain weight well.
However, it is better to alternate the grass with others, since it is constantly eating wheat can develop swelling. That's because it contains a lot of gluten.
In the table we give the necessary standards:
Millet and corn
The most nutritious and energetic food can be called corn. It is undesirable to give it in its pure form, as it contains a lot of protein. In addition, there are 60% carbohydrates. At the same time, it contains vitamins PP, E, D and group B, as well as carotene, potassium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium. Feeding such food has a positive effect on the metabolic processes of rabbits. Animals grow well and gain weight. Corn feed is easily absorbed by the body, but constant consumption leads to obesity.
Grains such as millet are usually fed to poultry. From cereal get cereals called millet. For a rabbit, this product is rather small, and they can choke. And the grass itself can be given in the winter in germinated form.
In pshenka there are over 20 different amino acids. The calorie content of millet is 298 kcal, and when ground (millet) it is 342 kcal. But at the same time, if you cook it, then in 100 grams there will be only 90 kcal. Such cereals contain vitamins B1, B6, PP, as well as magnesium, phosphorus, copper. Millet in the diet allows you to maintain the nervous system, heart, regulates hemoglobin.
We discussed the topic of whether it was possible to give wheat, barley, oats, corn and millet to rabbits. These cereals carry a lot of useful things, but there are those that are not eaten given - it is rye and rice (they cause fermentation in the stomach). Next, consider how much grain can be given per day and how to cook it.
Millet is usually not given to rabbits in its natural form. Grains can grind and sprinkle them with other foods, such as root vegetables. Also, the millet seed is brewed or steamed. This mush can be added to the mash.
Germinated grain rabbits give no additional processing. Barley and corn need to be crushed and steamed, for better absorption. But wheat grains and oats can be fed without additional processing, as they are quite soft.
If any of these cultures germinate, then for rabbits it will be another source of vitamins. When there are few rabbits, the germinating grains are put in a wet cloth. Humidity needs to be maintained until sprouts appear.
For large-scale farming, the grains are laid out in large containers, filled with water and left for 12 hours. When the contents swell, it is transferred to plastic bags for germination (8 cm layer) with holes for draining water. Sometimes you need to shake up the grain. Such food is introduced gradually, in large quantities, it causes bloating. If during the emergence of sprouts the grain has darkened, then it is not suitable for feeding rabbits.
Steaming and Yeast
Rabbits much easier to eat steamed food. It is necessary to take one type of cereal or a mixture and pour it into a bucket so that up to the edge about 10 cm remains. After that, boiling water is poured and 1 tbsp is added. a spoonful of salt. The mixture must be stirred, and the container covered with a lid. Mass infused for 5 hours.
Yeast food is used for raising rabbits for meat from four months of age, when it is necessary to ensure rapid weight gain. To do this, take a part of the grain and two parts of water (for 2 liters you need 36 g of yeast). The whole mixture is left overnight, but sometimes you need to mix. For full fermentation takes from 6 to 9 hours.
The next morning you can serve a mixture of dry cereals 2-3 tablespoons. Krol eats such food for 5 days. After they have passed, the yeast feed should be replaced with any other.
In any case, it is better for rabbits, when the cereals alternate and mix to avoid excess weight gain or abdominal bloating. A strong increase in body weight and interior fat can happen from feeding with one barley. Be sure to have fresh water in the drinkers.
Cereals (concentrates) take up to 70% of the rabbit diet in the cold season. This concentrated feed must be supplemented with grass, hay, cake, vitamin and mineral supplements.
The table shows how much cereal (concentrate) should be in the diet for rabbits of different physiological states:
There is a method that allows the rabbit to maximize nutrition of cereals. With age, the needs of animals change, so you need to gradually change the diet. Below we consider what cereals and how much they need in different periods of animal life.
As soon as the rabbit offspring begins to self-feed, it can be fed steamed oats. Next is the gradual feeding of crushed barley kernels. It is desirable to calculate such a diet for the summer period, so that by the age of four months the little rabbit can taste the corn. Read more about feeding the young in the article "What is feeding the little rabbits."
For females in the rest period, whole oats are preferable. It will help restore the body. Barley can begin to give before mating, but in small quantities, so as not to harm the reproductive function. Feeding females, except for grain, should be given food containing protein and useful trace elements. Usually feed already contain everything you need in its composition.
Males on a tribe from six months of age eat multi-grain feed. Wheat grain for rabbits of this period are excluded.
Decorative rabbits from all grains are best suited oats, corn, barley. In their feed should be 20%. In a day, eared can be given such feed to 30-35 g.
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