With special difficulties fattening rabbits for meat at home is not associated. Ushastiki unpretentious to the conditions of detention and do not require special care. Make your own farm more profitable and profitable, will help valuable secrets of feeding rabbits. Also in the article we will talk about the value of rabbit meat. And how the diet of the animal affects the quality characteristics of rabbit.
Growing at home
Despite the ratio of the rabbit to the number of herbivores, one plant food quickly fatten it will not work. And the taste characteristics of meat from the monotony of food deteriorate greatly.
When growing rabbits for meat, in addition to grass and vegetables, animals are given grain and concentrated feed. Some hybrid breeds can generally grow exclusively on special concentrated feed. So, we can confidently say that the choice of a particular feeding system directly depends on the breed line.
In that case, if you prefer to feed the rabbit with homemade food, without using ready-made feed, you need to pay a lot of attention to the vitamin and mineral composition of the menu. Nutrients in large quantities are found in vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, fodder beets, cabbage. In the grain is recommended to add chopped chalk and meat and bone meal.
Another mandatory component of the rabbit diet is thin sprigs of trees. They are used not only as a top dressing, but also for grinding teeth.
It is impossible to fatten the rabbits without providing them with enough clean drinking water. Fluid is needed eared to ensure the normal process of digestion.
Other important points
Breeding rabbits for meat always begins with the definition of the most appropriate breed for this purpose. Today, the selection of lines is very large, but domestic professionals from the field of rabbit breeding advise to give preference to one of the following breeds - a giant white or gray, Belgian flandr, ram, New Zealand breed, butterfly.
The choice of breed is based on the following criteria:
- precocity of the breed;
- meat yield in percent;
- rabbit flavor characteristics;
- daily weight gain.
In addition to food, in the issue of raising rabbits for meat a huge role is played by the conditions of animals. Cells should be spacious, protected from the sun and wind, be sure to clean and comfortable. Unsanitary conditions adversely affect the health of the rabbit, and its weight in this case increases very slowly.
The quality of the conditions of detention depends on the taste characteristics of the meat.
In general, only animals with good health are well grown. Therefore, do not forget about compulsory vaccination and regular examination of eared.
The correct solution to the issue of breeding
In addition, breed rabbits, too, is correct. Strong offspring give females who have reached puberty and have good health. In most breeds, puberty begins at the age of 4 months, but it is not necessary to hurry especially. A case of rabbit is recommended at the age of about 5 months.
The optimum weight of the female ready for fertilization is 2.5 kg. If the body weight is less, then rabbits will be born too small and it is unlikely, even with intensive feeding, they can achieve the desired size. But too well-fed rabbit, too, are not selected in the breeding herd. Obesity no less negatively affects the quality of offspring than thinness.
The female primipara usually has an insufficient amount of milk, so when breeding for meat, 6-8 rabbits are left under them. In the future, the rabbit will be able to independently feed all the offspring.
Rabbits can be raised in two ways - regular and broiler. In the first case, baby rabbits are subtracted from females at the age of 40-45 days. At this point, their digestive system is fully adapted to self-nutrition.
The broiler method is most often used on large livestock farms. In this case, the rabbit kept with the rabbit until the moment of slaughter. Genetic predisposition and enhanced feeding with concentrated feed contribute to the fact that already at the age of two months, well-fed young animals weigh about 2 kg. The slaughter of animals grown under the broiler scheme is usually carried out at the age of 70-75 days. Otherwise the meat will contain a lot of fat.
What is the value of meat
Rabbit meat refers to the number of dietary products. And the fact that rabbits are demanding to feed and eat mainly vegetable food, allows you to talk about the environmental safety of products.
The main advantages of rabbit meat:
- does not contain cholesterol;
- pesticides, herbicides and other harmful chemical compounds do not accumulate in rabbit meat;
- rabbit meat contains the same amount of fat as beef, but it is richer in protein;
- rich vitamin and mineral composition;
- has the ability to free the human body from free radicals;
- absorbed by 90%.
On average, 70% of the adult rabbit carcass is considered edible. Hence the conclusion that it is much more profitable to grow eared birds than any other animals.
In addition, rabbits are bred quickly. Having a couple of good breeding females in a year you can become the owner of an impressive herd.
Rabbit meat is a major component of the diet. That rabbit is advised to give children as the first in the life of meat. The product can be used in the manufacture of various dishes. Excellent taste characteristics are preserved during cooking, baking, stewing or roasting.
Next, let's talk about how much the rabbit grows and what are the rules for fast fattening.
All about growth rate
Rabbits grow most intensively in the first 120 days from the moment of birth. All technologies of fast fattening are built on this rule. Meat pedigree lines possess the highest growth energy.
To the light of a rabbit appear completely helpless, the weight ranges from 40-80 g. But already at the age of 4 weeks, body weight increases at least 10 times. With enough milk in the female, the young begin to eat on their own no earlier than 21 days old.
A good rabbit allocates from 4 to 5 liters of milk for one lactation period. On average, 100-200 ml of mother's milk per sucker per day.
Growth periods of young stock can be divided into three stages:
- up to 21 days;
- 21-49 days;
- 49-84 days.
At the first stage, the individual grows rapidly. On the second - in parallel with the growth there is a rapid increase in muscle mass. The third period is characterized by a gradual slowdown in growth activity.
Based on this, when growing rabbits for meat, it is most advantageous to send them to slaughter at the age of 3 months, when the average body weight is 2.5 kg.
General rules for fattening
You can grow rabbits and get valuable and tasty meat using several types of feed. Consider the basic types.
- green - the combined group, which includes fresh grass and thin sprigs of trees with leaves;
- juicy - vegetables and fruits;
- rough - hay;
- concentrated - grain or ready-made grain mixtures.
In general, this is the basis of the diet of rabbits. To raise immunity and increase the growth rate, it is recommended to use mineral and animal feed.
Rough food should be present in the daily menu, regardless of the season. To avoid problems with the process of digestion and weight loss, the transition to greens should be very smooth.
In summer, the daily rate per individual is 800 g of greenery and 25 g of concentrate, in winter - 200 g of hay and 35 g of concentrate.
Different types of feed can be combined with each other. For example, greens or silage can be poured feed. And boiled vegetables can be mixed with crushed grain and mineral or animal additives (bone or fish meal, crushed egg shell, calcium, powdered milk).
A quick way to fatten rabbits consists in the correct alternation of stages and compliance with the requirements for a nutritious diet.
The main goal of the first stage is to prepare the animal organism for a new principle of nutrition. To this end, the daily rate of green fodder gradually decreases, while the fractional parts of the concentrated and juicy ones increase. There are also certain requirements for the choice of roughage - it is better to replace meadow hay with legumes, it is more nutritious. The duration of the preparatory stage - 10 days.
The next 10 days is the main stage. It is important that the rabbits gain as much weight as possible. The quality of the products used during this period depends on the taste of rabbit meat. It is important to give the animals very high-calorie "mash" consisting of boiled potatoes, bran and vitamin-mineral supplements. It is necessary for the deposition of a sufficient amount of valuable rabbit fat.
During the entire period of rapid fattening, ordinary water is replaced with salted water, which contributes to an increase in the appetite of animals.
The third stage lasts 5-10 days. It all depends on how willingly the rabbits will eat. To stimulate the need for food, animals are fed with aromatic herbs, and give their favorite treats - roasted seeds and chestnuts.
It is important not to miss the moment when rabbits stop gaining weight and begin to lose it. It is this time that is considered ideal for the beginning of slaughter.
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