Iranian pigeon - is considered one of the oldest pigeon breeds in the world. The first mentions of them are preserved in handwritten sources, which are already many thousands of years old. Since those times, the golubevody Persian Empire (today it is the territory of modern Iran) tirelessly conducted breeding work, all the while improving the flying qualities of their pets. What do these magnificent birds look like and what is the fate of Iranian flyers today? Not only read about this, but also see photos and videos later in the article.
History of origin
Ancient Persia was one of the first to domesticate pigeons. One of the earliest mentions of this dates from the years of the reign of Sirius the Great. Iranian pigeons were a landmark of any noble court and were bred in the empire for over a thousand years. In those days, the main feature that a worthy flyer should have was endurance, combat, and the ability to fly at high altitude. For this, constant selection work was carried out.Iranian pigeon representatives
To determine the most worthy specimens pigeon competitions were often held. Since then, more than one thousand years have passed before the Mongols, Arabs and Turks came to the territory of modern Iran. But the pigeons remained in high esteem in Iran and to this day. In addition, pigeon in this country is considered a sacred occupation and not everyone deserves to be engaged in it. So, only 5% of all farms of Iran contain these birds.
Interestingly, the entire infrastructure of pigeon farming is concentrated in large cities. To date, a lot of Iranian pigeons of a variety of plumage, body shape and color have been bred. But, oddly enough, they are all quite similar to each other and primarily the structure of the body. The largest centers of Iranian pigeon breeding are: Kashan, Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, Isfahan, Rasht, Shiraz and Hamadan. In breeding pigeons, the Iranians prefer only the flying qualities of a bird, for them the feathering and coloring are not important, therefore the variety of Iranian flyers is simply amazing.
All pigeons. Iranians have a rounded or slightly elongated head, elongated body and wings, and high or middle legs. The color range of plumage can be any. The colors most often dominate in color: red, black, yellow, gray, almond. The drawing on the plumage and color of the pigeon for Iranian birds have no meaning, so almost any known coloring can be found in this breed.
If we talk about the plumage of the legs, most of the birds of this breed are bare-legged, but there are also plumage with a bell (the average length of the feather) and the Cosmachus (feather length up to 20 cm). If we talk about the plumage of the head, smooth-headed birds dominate in the breed. But it is not uncommon and the so-called head birds and cheek birds. Heads have an needle-pointed forelock on their heads, and there must be only one forelock. Representatives with two forelock in the breed is not found. Further in the video, Agaranov, another subspecies of the Iranian fighting pigeons, was captured.
Tickled pigeons are a rarity for the breed. The shape of the head, as already mentioned, is of two kinds. Rounded with a wide forehead - Teheran flyers, and elongated with a narrow forehead - Tibrizian representatives. The beak of all Iranian pigeons is long and slightly bent at the tip. The color of the beak is white or dark. The tail of the birds is rather long and always consists of at least 12 feathers. Eye color is also different. The most common are black, orange, red, blue and silver.
Flight quality breed
The years of the Iranian pigeons are calm and slow. Mandatory indicator of the summer is a fight with a further exit in the pillar. Birds are also very stand in the summer against the wind. A distinctive feature is the ability of the bird to rise to the height of the "fly" and hang there for a few minutes.
A representative of this breed is also easily recognizable by its characteristic battle. They have it moderate, and the output in the rack must be fixed for a few seconds. The noise of the battle must be perfectly audible even from a very great height. It is possible to refer the average summer duration to flight qualities, which can be in the range from 3 to 10 hours, and maybe more, the main thing is not less.
Most popular types
Today, the most famous are the three subspecies of the Iranian flyers. These include Tehran's high-flying, Khamadan battlefighters and Tibriz pigeons. And now a few words about each subspecies.
Tehran high flying
The most famous Persian breed. As the Iranians themselves say, these pigeons are more like hawks than their relatives. The wingspan of their wings is within 70 cm. The breed features include the structure of the head and beak. So, their head is rounded, and the beak is shortened. The subspecies has a great variety of colors.
Hamadan Combat Cosmashes
A subspecies was developed in northwestern Iran, namely in the province of Hamadan. A distinctive feature of the subspecies is a long feather on the legs, which can reach a length of 20 cm. Today, thanks to the efforts of breeders, many lines of Hamadan cosmatists have been deduced. Among them are birds with a forelock on his head.
This species is most common in western Iran. Sometimes Tibrizians can be called Azerbaijani pigeons. They have an elongated head and an elongated body. The subspecies is very similar to the Baku flyers, and this is not in vain, because they really are in direct relationship.