Many beekeepers no longer know from the words that the hive on frame 145 has a number of conveniences to work with. This type of evidence has long been used successfully in many apiaries in European countries, and has gained great popularity in keeping bees in private apiaries. Its official name in beekeeping is Farrar’s hive. About all the benefits, as well as how to do it yourself, let's talk now. Do not forget to watch the video, which will also be useful.
For the first time in beekeeping, an American beekeeper Ferrar brought such a concept as a multi-body hive onto a frame of 145 mm. He first improved the usual Dadanovsky hive with a framework of 156 mm, but, despite the success in obtaining honey, he still remained in search of newer beekeeping technologies. Beekeepers from other countries, due to local climatic features, began to slightly resize the frame, although the Farrar technology remained the same. So gradually the size decreased to 145 mm.
The hive Farrara is a multi-unit design with a removable bottom, roof and boot with a minimum number of four buildings. For brood here are two supers. Farrar’s beekeeping technology implies the filling of the extension with honeycombs up to 80 square dm, when the bees can fill the body with 20 kg of honey. True, like other multicase hives, this one is also inconvenient for migrating.
In principle, the whole technology of beekeeping in the hive frame 145 is similar to another multicase system. When in the spring the lower hull is released from the brood, it is removed and put an extension with a wrinkle. Then after a time between them put a dividing grid. After 9 days, a separation from the upper case is made and an extension for honey is put. Then, with the beginning of a large bribe, they put another body with a wrinkle under the grate.
It should be noted separately all the advantages of the hive on frame 145:
- these hives are light in weight, they make it possible to make a good build-up of families in the spring;
- small enclosures are ideal for keeping nucleuses and spare queens;
- sealing the frame is faster than Dadanovsky;
- easier to get honeycomb;
- well suited for multi-content bees;
- during the wintering of the bees, insects easily pass through the interframe space in the hive.
How to make a hive yourself?
So, if you are already eager to start developing a new technology of beekeeping and use the 145 frame in your practice hive, then we suggest you make it yourself. In addition, it does not take much time and effort, if you are already familiar with the skill of making bee houses. The most important thing is to use the drawings and observe the dimensions.
Our hive will consist of the bottom, roof, liner, four or more buildings of 12 frames each, as seen in the photo and video.
Tools and materials
- boards not less than 35 mm wide;
- glue or nails;
- roulette, ruler;
- hammer, screws, drill;
- paint, construction foam;
- mesh, tin sheet.
- Making the hive frame 145 is not much different from the production of conventional multi. We start with what we do according to the drawings of the workpiece under the wall, bottom, roof, hull. Also about making watch the video.
- Walls fasten technology "in the spike." We make the hull of solid boards so that there are no gaps. Allowance must leave somewhere 2-3 mm. For the end leave 10 mm.
- On the front and rear walls of each case we make folds for frames. To do this, on the edge inside remove 11 mm wide and 17 mm depth.
- All walls are well fixed and sanding.
- Do not forget about letke. We do it on the front wall, the diameter is about 25 mm.
- After all the components are ready, we make the roof and the bottom. In the lid, drill holes 10 mm across the entire width for ventilation. We do not close them. Top cut tin sheet.
- We make detachable and double-sided bottom of multicase evidence. The frame itself is made up of three bars, then from the inside we make a groove, where the bottom of the hive itself will be inserted. All sizes and details look on the drawing.
- The frame and bottom are fastened with the thorn-groove technology. On the fourth side we will have a hole of 20 mm in height for air exchange.
- Under the bottom we make a stand in the form of a box not less than 30 mm thick. Its dimensions are the same as the bottom of the evidence.