Ameriosis rabbits is one of the most common diseases among these mammals. They are provoked by nine species of ameri, among which there are pathogens. It is a young disease that is very acute, but it is also found in adults. All about her treatment and prevention talk in this article.
What kind of disease and how does it occur?
The development of Aymeriosis pathogens occurs in the intestines and in the liver, more precisely, in its bile ducts. The most susceptible to the disease are young rabbits, whose age does not exceed four months. The disease is insidious because it spreads quickly from sick individuals to healthy ones, so quarantine when identifying it is simply obligatory.
Infection can occur in the following ways:
- through oocyst-contaminated feed and water;
- in the process of feeding babies, if the female has udder nipples soiled;
- as a result of violations of veterinary and sanitary requirements for the maintenance and feeding of animals;
- through contaminated litter;
- when using service personnel dirty tools;
- from other rodents and insects.
The disease can develop regardless of the season, but it is especially active in spring and summer. The result of its occurrence is the massive death of rabbits.
What symptoms are accompanied?
The duration of the incubation period is from 4 to 12 days. The disease is of three types: intestinal, hepatic or mixed. One of the early signs of the disease is a significant weight loss in young rabbits. Then they become lethargic, in their behavior there is a general depression and a complete lack of appetite.
In diseased individuals, the abdomen swells up, and palpation causes them to feel pain. They are almost all the time lying. The stools become fluid with the presence of mucus and blood. Observed polyuria (frequent urine). Growth rabbit slows down noticeably, and their hair ceases to shine.
The development of rhinitis and conjunctivitis is often observed. It is possible the occurrence of paralysis of the limbs and neck muscles. All clinical signs can be aggravated by convulsions.
Disease treatment methods
In the case of the first clinical signs of the onset of the disease, rabbits are prescribed treatment with sulfonamides in an amount of 0.03-0.05 g / kg. This can be both Sulfadimine and Norsulfazole, which must be dissolved in water and feed the animals for 3-5 days. It is also possible to mix the medicine in mixed feed. Sulfadimethoxine is applied at the rate of 0.2 g per kilogram of weight and added to feed. After that, over the course of four days, the dose is increased to 0.1 g per kilogram.
The best results can be achieved using complex therapy. In this case, Sulfapyridazine is administered in the amount of 100 mg, Norsulfazol at a dosage of 400 mg simultaneously with 25,000 IU of Monomitsin per one kilogram of animal weight. Both drugs must be dissolved in water, then the mixture is mixed with the feed. Treatment consists of feeding all this mass for two five-day courses with a three-day interval. In order to feed better with the medical mixture, its quantity is reduced twice in a single issue.
For the prevention of disease, it is necessary to keep rabbits in cages, the floors of which are made of a grid with very small cells. They must have good ventilation, the presence of which allows the cells to be kept dry. It is also possible content in open enclosures.
Every day should be cleaned waste of rabbits. Much depends on the prevention of emiriosis from the presence of a full feed. At that time, when the young are taken away from their mothers, complex chemoprophylaxis should be carried out using Norsulfazole or Sulfapyridazine, which are combined with Monomitsin in therapeutic doses.