Swarming of bees is one of the most common situations that any beekeeper faces. The famous beekeeper Tsebro, the video about which we will present in our article, founded his method of leadless apiary. The formation of several layers, the special design of the hive, the cultivation of queens - all these methods are successfully used in practice and help many beekeepers to organize their work correctly. We will talk about this.
Who is Tsebro and what contribution did he bring to beekeeping?
Vladimir Petrovich Tsebro is a famous beekeeper of our country, originally from Ukraine. He is engaged in his favorite activity all his life and has devoted his labor activity to the bees. As the scientist himself says, he organized his first apiary at 10 years old and since then has not changed his favorite hobby. Today, Vladimir Petrovich holds the post of chairman of the Pskov Beekeeper Society and is a research associate in the apiculture department of the Pskov Research Institute of Agriculture. His personal apiary has about 700 families.
Since 1970, Cebro has been working on the issue of accelerating the development of bee colonies and uses his method mainly in the North-West of the country. He works closely with beekeepers in Finland, Belarus, and the Baltic states, so his beekeeping is well known far beyond the borders of Russia. What does the Cebro method imply, let's talk in more detail.
We get acquainted with all methods of Tsebro
When a person starts a bee, he, of course, faces many different problems. Many questions can be answered by the method of the famous beekeeper Vladimir Petrovich Tsebro. His beekeeping technology is ideal for beginners as well as apiaries in the northern and western regions. According to Tsebro technology, the beekeeper does not just work with the family of insects, but uses special designs of the hive. Special attention is paid to the specialist withdrawal of queens.
Those who use the technology of beekeeping on the Cebro, note that insects do not die in the winter and by reducing swarming can be obtained in the season up to 150 kg of honey.
The main provisions of the method
- Tsebro recommends keeping bees in beehives with three buildings. They must be functional and roomy.
- In the spring, with the advent of heat, the family of bees should expand, so it’s not worth overwhelming the top with shops. For this, it is best to use second hulls.
- When the queen is two weeks old, two layers should be formed. And from them the full-fledged family becomes.
- Cebro recommends using the layering yourself on a late bribe.
- After a bribe, the layers are attached to the family, and the old uterus is replaced with a new one.
- For a good winter you need to have double-hull nests. In the lower case store frames are located, and the upper - nested.
- For the winter, in all the frames honey and perga are distributed for feeding the bees.
- There should be good ventilation in the hives, but without drafts.
- The apiary is formed from strong bee families.
- Families and the first otvodok after honey harvest before feeding.
Output of queens and output technology
Conclusion queens, as well as savings on their acquisition - this is one of the main fundamental apiculture Tsebro. The specialist offers their removal from eggs for a period of two days. As families grow in spring and a large number of insects are reached, brood begins. To do this, use the second body of the hive with partitions. The young brood and two frames with feed are placed here.
In the upper building on the advice of Tsebro, you need to rearrange the three frames of the brood, two frames of the feed. Since worker bees do not enter here, at the end of the day they are vaccinated with two-day eggs for hatching. In order to more accurately understand this method, we suggest watching the video from the author's workshop.
Wintering bee colonies
The wintering of bees for many beekeepers is a crucial and difficult moment. However, Vladimir Tsebro says that families must withstand a 30-degree frost and 40-degree heat. And it easily proves in practice his method of beekeeping. First of all, insects should spend the winter in special multicase hives in the wild. The design and packaging must comply with the principle of simplicity and convenience.
After the onset of frost below -10 degrees, the upper notch is closed with glass, and the lower - with a strip and left a gap of 6 mm. Insects will maintain the required temperature due to adequate feed. The Tsebro method assumes that during wintering the bees should not warm the walls of evidence, but their own tangle. Thermal insulation in the form of pillows and carpets is used only during severe frosts in the framework of the upper hull. See more about this video.
The beekeeping on the advice of Cebro has a special design hive. They, as practice shows, provide normal conditions and help to maintain a good microclimate. First of all, the hive Tsebro should be stationary and multicase. Inside, no insulation is used, only double walls. Inside there are 14 frames of Dadan and 10 or 5, if shops are used.
For ease of maintenance, the side wall is made folding on the type of door. Also be sure to be at the bottom of the hive should be a hatch for pulling out the pallet. This is to remove the submor. The fabrication involves a flight porch on the upper entrance, as shown in the drawing.Drawing evidence by the method of Tsebro
Features of evidence Tsebro
- Allows the use of eight shop buildings in 10 frames;
- For 5-frame evidence, two stores will work;
- There should be three arrival boards with stands for the hive;
- To protect the hull from rain, sun and wind, a special casing is used;
- The roof opens to the hinges and has two ventilation windows with a grid and dimmer.
- The size of the lower entrance is 12x420 mm and the top one is 12x100 mm.
- In winter, the upper notch is closed with glass, and the lower - with a lath and a gap of 6 mm is left.
What a hive might look like in practice, see the video.
The calendar helps any beekeeper to plan their work in the apiary, thereby saving time and effort. The developed system Tsebro allows any beekeeper not to be tied to beehives in fear of swarming. Moreover, such a plan always disciplines a person and helps to organize work more effectively. Below we have provided the Tsebro calendar, which will allow you to understand your possible mistakes, as well as to more optimize work in the apiary.