Spain is one of the few European countries where domestic poultry farming is particularly well developed. Today, for example, more than 20 different breeds of chickens are bred in the country. Three of them, and this is Minorca, Spanish White-faced and Grosheaya, are grown by our farmers. Chickens Ispanka, characteristic, photos of these birds will be the subject of our conversation.
In the usual colloquial form among the poultry farmers and farmers, you can often find the name of the hens "Spaniard". But it should be said that a separate breed does not exist. In our country, such a name stuck with two main foreign breeds - Minorca and Spanish White-faced. Sometimes also the name "Spaniard" is used for the Golosheya and Andalusian blue breeds. However, in order to make it more clear to you what kind of varieties your familiar poultry farmers will talk about, let's talk briefly about each.
Minorca is one of the most famous and most popular Spanish breeds in the world. In our country, in particular, these chickens are bred and bred for more than one and a half hundred years. Today, there is even a Russian standard for this breed. It was consolidated in the industrial production of birds in the 60s of the last century. However, at the present time, Minorca is more loved by private owners. It is grown mainly for decorative purposes in separate small farms.
Although the productivity of the bird is not very high, approximately 170-180 eggs per year, it is distinguished by a special external beauty. Bright black feathers with emerald sheen, lush long tail of roosters, white specks near the earlobes are the main features of these birds. That is why very often this Spaniard is used to improve local breeds.
If you want to breed Minorca, you must be ready that you will have a serious responsibility - the preservation of the genetic line. You will need to closely monitor the further crossing of individuals. Although they make good laying hens, the decorative value of birds is their main task.
Spanish white-faced - another bright representative of the breed group called "Spanish Woman". Its characteristic for the production of eggs is slightly higher than that of Minorca, but in all other qualities they are almost identical. Even looks are very similar. Many breeders often confuse white-faced Spaniard Minorca.
The main distinguishing feature of these birds is the black body and only the face itself (the front part of the head) is white. From this hens seem unusual and very elegant. A couple of such birds will be able to decorate any compound, as in the photo.
When keeping a white-faced Spanish breed, it is important to remember that chickens are afraid of the cold. Like many Mediterranean birds, they necessarily require warming up the house in winter. Also these layers are whimsical in feed. Dirty water and poor-quality grain cause a variety of problems.
Also known breed of chickens in Russia and Ukraine. But it is bred only by a few private farms in terms of the conservation of the breed. Some farmers use poultry for decorative purposes, for example, at exhibitions or presentations of their farm. These chickens are unproductive in the egg-bearing direction. No more than 160 eggs per year. Also rarely used as a source of meat, as they have a non-meaty, dryish body.
These chickens are the least popular in our country, although they enjoy good success in the world. As you already understood, the main feature of these Hispanics is the complete absence of plumage on the upper part of the neck. From this came the name of the bird.
Many of our breeders regard such appearance as a defect. Therefore, today it is very rare to meet bare-headed chickens on domestic farms. Again, divorced only for decorative purposes by special lovers of exotic breeds. Some compare this domestic hen to the neck.
By productivity, she herself does not show any special results. Like many other Andalusian chickens, its egg production is observed in the range of 160-170 eggs. However, when crossed with white Leggorn, the offspring already produce about 220-240 eggs per year. Derivative chicks are also lacking the bright line of the “bare” neck.
Yes, such a variety of breeds of chickens can not but rejoice amateur poultry farmers. In our case, now you will accurately represent what the Spanish chicken bears.