The most common diseases of sheep

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Sheep, like any pet, are subject to various diseases. At the same time, they suffer from both common traditional ailments (rabies, tuberculosis) and specific individual diseases (bradzot, agalactia). Consider all the most famous and most common diseases of sheep and their symptoms.

Bradzot

One type of acute infectious disease of sheep, which is associated with intoxication of the body and causes acute inflammation of the abomasum. About 30% of all animals of different ages are exposed to this ailment. Mortality occurs in 100% of cases. Anaerobic bacillus that produces toxins in the body causes poisoning. Infection occurs from diseased individuals, as well as through feed and water. Including through the grass to pasture.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • convulsions;
  • nervous excitement;
  • unintended movements;
  • unstable gait;
  • gnashing of teeth.
  • treatment is not indicated, but possible prevention in the form of immunization.

Infectious agalactia

This disease affects only the mammary glands, joints and eyes, occurs in lactating animals. When the disease causes a miscarriage. Mortality after infection occurs in 45% of cases. Causes a disease mycoplasma. The virus tolerates antibiotics well, but tetracycline drugs are destructive. The virus is excreted through milk as well as through wounds in the udder.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • high body temperature - 41-42 ° С;
  • weakness and lethargy;
  • mastitis and inflammation of the lobes;
  • rash on the udder and around;
  • bitter milk;
  • cessation of lactation;
  • purulent nipple discharge;
  • abscesses, sepsis.
  • treatment requires immediate symptomatic treatment, as well as tetracycline antibiotics.

Infectious enterotoxemia

An infection that causes the body to be toxic, affects the nervous system. The death of the animal comes quickly. Subject well-fed adults, as well as lambs. Anaerobic Clostridium causes the disease, which actively affects the intestines, produces toxins, is absorbed into the blood, forms spores. Infection occurs most often in spring from the soil, through grain and water.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • stiff and chaotic movements;
  • convulsions;
  • loss of appetite;
  • diarrhea and anemia;
  • yellow mucous membranes.
  • at the initial stage of the disease, hyperimmune serum, antibiotics are used;
  • vaccination.

Infectious mastitis

Very severe and acute disease that affects the mammary glands. Accompanied by inflammation and often gangrenous. Pathogenic staphylococcus and ovoid anaerobic bacillus cause infection. Only lactating females are susceptible to infection. Death without proper attention occurs in 80% of cases.

Sick sheep along with milk secrete staphylococcus, which through injuries on the udder, as well as through the nipples, can be transmitted to other healthy individuals. Most often the disease occurs as a result of poor conditions of animals, with a weakened immunity. Lambs with pneumonia can also infect ewes.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • udder inflammation;
  • purulent discharge;
  • seal lobes, red skin;
  • increased body temperature;
  • swelling of the hip and perineum;
  • lack of gum, frequent breathing.
  • antibiotics and sulfonamides are used in the early stages of the disease;
  • surgery for an abscess udder;
  • thorough disinfection of the udder as a preventative.

Campylobacteriosis

Another infectious disease of sheep, which is associated with the occurrence of abortions, metritis and vaginitis in females. The microorganism called campylobacter causes such serious consequences. Only sluggish animals get sick. If an abortion was not caused, then in 70% of cases dead offspring are born. Infection is most often transmitted by nutrition. Proper treatment helps build immunity.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • miscarriages;
  • the birth of the dead lambs;
  • heavy passing sagy.
  • penicillin is injected into diseased females;
  • streptomycin intramuscularly and into the uterus;
  • prevention in the form of compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards in the flock.

Contagious ecthyma

Viral disease that affects sheep and lambs and causes nodules and pustules on the oral mucosa. Infection can be transmitted to humans. In 90% of cases, mortality occurs in lambs. This parapoxvirus is very stable and can live up to 20 years in the external environment. It can get into the oral cavity through the wounds of the cutting teeth, as well as through micro-canals from prickly plants.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • red spots in the corners of the mouth;
  • ulcers on the mucous membrane;
  • vesicles and pustules;
  • gradual spread of the lesion from the head to the chest, genitals.
  • There are no special treatments for the disease;
  • mucosal treatment with iodine solution or lubrication with glycerin;
  • udder, lips and head smeared with synthomycin emulsion;
  • biomitsin lambs.

Anaerobic dysentery of lambs

Judging by the name, it is clear that this viral disease affects only lambs. Infants develop acute intestinal inflammation, diarrhea. In 80-100% of cases of illness, mortality occurs within the first day. Microbe clostridium, which produces a strong toxin, causes illness. Infection occurs through the udder, dirty litter and inventory.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • severe diarrhea with blood;
  • general weakness and lethargy of the lamb;
  • dehydration, loss of appetite and weight.
  • available antibiotics and sulfa drugs are administered to the lambs;
  • hyperimmune serum and synthomycin;
  • immunization of queens for 1 month before lambing.

Helminthiasis

One of the most common diseases in disadvantaged farms with non-compliance with preventive measures. Causes illness by infection with parasitic worms. At the same time, the disease does not manifest itself for a long time, animals retain a good appetite and lactation, being already infected. The larvae of the parasite penetrate with food or water.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • hemorrhage in the intestine;
  • anemia;
  • exhaustion;
  • diarrhea;
  • loss of coat;
  • loss of appetite.
  • deworming with phenothiazine and other anthelmintic drugs;
  • De-worming animals before pasturing.

Fascioliasis

This disease is associated with activity in the biliary tract of the liver of trematodes of the genus Fasciola. Ripening of larvae lasts more than 3-4 months, while the disease itself can last for years. Sheep become infected with parasites on pastures while eating grass, as well as from reservoirs with stagnant water.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • loss of appetite, weakness;
  • exhaustion;
  • hair loss;
  • anemia;
  • swelling of the eyelids and abdomen;
  • diarrhea, constipation;
  • high body temperature;
  • symptoms as in acute hepatitis.
  • broad-spectrum anthelmintics (hexachloroethane, acemidophen, bitionol);
  • 2 times a year carrying out planned deworming.

Echinococcosis

A type of sheep invasive disease that is very common. It is caused by activity in the internal organs of the animal larvae of the cestode. The official name of the parasite is Echinococcus. Initially, cystodes parasitize only in the small intestine in dogs, and together with feces enter the environment. Infection occurs through water, as well as through the soil along with grass. The initial stage is asymptomatic, only severe infection causes visible signs of deteriorating animal health.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • diarrhea;
  • loss of appetite;
  • exhaustion.
  • complex treatment is not compiled;
  • exclusion from the habitat of sheep dogs, as well as preventing them in the place of storage of feed;
  • deworming dogs.

Zenuroz or knuckle

Complicated invasive disease, which is associated with damage to the brain of animals by cestode larvae. Most often, this disease affects lambs and young sheep. Animals become infected with larvae from sick dogs, as well as through food and water. Most often, the result of the disease is a quick death.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • nervous excitement of animals (fearfulness, aggression);
  • spasmodic muscle twitching and involuntary movements;
  • hyperemia of the mucous membrane;
  • dropping head back;
  • lack of reaction and inhibition.
  • the use of fenbendazola to 0.0255 grams per kg of animal weight;
  • prevention in the form of limiting the number of dogs in the household, compliance with veterinary standards.

Dictyocaulosis

The disease is associated with lesions of the bronchi and trachea by nematodes dictiocal. They first infect the intestines, develop there, and then migrate to the upper respiratory tract. Most often, young lambs and lambs are affected. The bacterium enters the body through water and food.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • cough;
  • dyspnea;
  • loss of appetite;
  • discharge and nose;
  • hoarse and heavy breathing;
  • language falling out;
  • symptoms of pneumonia.
  • the use of such drugs as nilverm, mebendazole, divesid, ditrazin water;
  • sulfonamides and antibiotics;
  • deworming as a prophylaxis.

Piroplasmosis small cattle

This is an acute disease that causes the parasite blood piroplasma. After infection, the parasite lives first in the internal organs, and then in the blood. Piroplasmosis in the warm season most often affects animals, as it penetrates through the bites of ticks and other blood-sucking insects.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • high to 42 degrees body temperature;
  • lethargy and depression of sheep;
  • yellow mucous membranes;
  • diarrhea, refusal of food and water;
  • reddish tint of urine;
  • rapid breathing and pulse.
  • applied berenil, diamedin;
  • diet;
  • input of vitamin B12;
  • sulfocamphocain for heart maintenance;
  • with severe intravenous hemodez.

Psoroptosis or scabies

The disease associated with parasitic lesion of the skin of sheep with a special type of ticks. Parasites feed on lymph as well as cell sap. Can live and develop on the skin of animals up to 2 months. Most often manifested during the stall period. Exposed weak and emaciated individuals, as well as young.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • itching on the back;
  • loss of rune;
  • seals on the skin, folds, nodules;
  • temperature rise;
  • blisters with crusts on the skin;
  • partial alopecia.
  • bathing of sheep in baths with hexachloro-Creolin emulsion, hexalin;
  • Butox;
  • Ivermek subcutaneously;
  • preventive measures against scabies, quarantine.

Ketosis

Frequent type of disease associated with impaired protein-carbohydrate metabolism. Accompanied by digestive disorders. Most often, sugary females are sick as a result of starvation, an unbalanced diet, after overeating concentrates. Accompanied by abortions and disorders of the nervous system.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • anorexia;
  • hair loss;
  • shortness of breath and tachycardia;
  • lethargy and weakness;
  • cramps, uncoordinated movements, trembling;
  • the appearance of the smell of acetone and yellowness of the mucous membranes;
  • violation of the bowels, constipation.
  • enter in the diet of beets, carrots and molasses, as well as potatoes;
  • Vitamin A and D;
  • activation of exercise;
  • administration of glucose and insulin.

Endemic goiter

One type of chronic disease of sheep, which is associated with disruption of the thyroid gland and as a result - an increase in goiter. Most often arises due to the poor nutrition of iodine and the lack of this trace element in soils.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • decrease in productivity;
  • short stature and lag in development;
  • violation of the sexual cycle;
  • increase goiter.
  • potassium iodide (3 µg per kg of body weight) and iodized salt are added to the diet;
  • prevention of iodine deficiency in lambs.

An important point! We considered only a fraction of the possible diseases of sheep that require immediate treatment or special prophylaxis. However, we should not forget that sheep are subject to all kinds of non-communicable ailments associated with poor care or improper diet. Also, animals can be injured, stretch the tendons, break a limb and so on. In any case, requires special veterinary care and treatment.

Video "Prevention of sheep brucellosis"

From the news story you can learn more about the serious illness of brucellosis, as well as how to protect yourself and your animals.

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