Bees in two body hives: the subtleties of the content

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The content of bees in the double hull hives deserves increased attention. In this embodiment, the hive creates a lot of space, there are ideal opportunities for the growth and development of the brood, the formation of combs and collecting nectar. And no less important, the bee family less often comes into a state of swarming. All the features of this method of breeding winged workers, let us consider now.

Features of a double hive

The two-part content of bees differs in that a family that completely occupies the nest compartment of the hive is placed on top of the second floor. In order to prevent rapid cooling of the nest, at first not all the frames are put in the upper floor. Then, with the growth of the family, they add new frames until they bring the number to the specified number. As a result, the second building becomes a continuation of the nest. With this method of keeping, two families develop separately with one womb, and insects do not mix and divide.

Under such conditions, the family fully manifests its hereditary qualities and works hard. It has been established by experiments that a two-case hive gives one-third more sweet product than a regular twelve-frame one store.

Bee keeping technology

The time when additional floors should be delivered depends on the general condition of the families and on the expected time of receipt of the main bribe. It is extremely important that this additional level emerge before the family goes into a state of swarming. However, if the family is very strong after the winter and the additional floors are placed in the middle of spring, you need to install the second level when it populates the entire frame set in the main building. This is the only way to eliminate the risk of swarming.

With dividing grid

What to do if a low bribe at the beginning of summer is the only honey collection? In this case, additional levels are put exclusively on those hives, whose families already by May 15 fully occupy the nests. On the other bee houses put semi-frame stores. In these families, it is imperative to limit the egg-laying of the uterus.

To overcome this problem, you need to collect in the first case the nests of the honeycomb, having brood in the open, perga and sealed honey. Then you can seat the uterus on them, cover this body with a dividing grid, and place the second body over it. It is important to pre-install empty honeycombs in it for storing honey and a printed brood frame. Such a setting of combs will limit the egg-laying of the uterus and provide working bees with the best opportunities for collecting honey.

The separating grid was invented in order to limit the access of the uterus and the drones to a certain compartment of the bee house. The grid works very simply: the queen and the drones are much larger than the working insects and, therefore, they will not be able to crawl through the holes of the grid, and the bees can. With a weak supply of nectar in the double-hulled hive, it is almost impossible to get marketable honey. If there is no dividing grid, the insects fill the lower body with perga, and the uterus lays eggs in the hive anywhere. As a result, the family works well, but there is no marketable honey.

If you place two queen bees in a hive, then the number of bees can be significantly increased by the main honey collection. The young uterus with the otvodka settled first at the top, separating the diaphragm. After 15 days, she will begin laying eggs. The old uterus resides in the lower block and is separated by a dividing grid. Then the old womb can be removed.

If a two-content content is planned, then in order to eliminate hostility between them, a double separating grid is used, which is a wooden frame, on both sides of which a grid is nailed. These grids are made of wire, plastic or thin metal. The best are wire.

Simplified method of two-body content of bees

The two-part content of bees in the simplified version is that in the case, which is at the top, only one is installed, less often two frames. They are selected in such a way that the brood on them was of different ages. On the edge of the brood is placed one honeycomb with honey and perga. In the lower main building, instead of frames with brood that have moved to the upper floor, they place as many honeycombs and wax boards.

Initially, the top floor will be a few frames, which are separated by a board. In the nest of the upper floor arrange the framework with a wrinkle, set from time to time to the extreme frame in which there is brood. The uterus moves to a new building and begins egg-laying in the cells of the constructed combs. Bees, engaged in detuning in the second floor, an ever-increasing number of frameworks with a wrinkle, are in working condition and almost do not fall into a state of swarming.

Formation of temporary layering with a young uterus

The double hive hive implies a twofold increase in the nest, however, with late main honey collection, the increase in families lasts quite a long time. In the nest there are many young bees, not enough busy with work, and in the hive it is no longer possible to put additional frames with waxed flowers. The family begins to swarm. To prevent this, some of the brood used to create temporary cuttings is taken from the family to grow additional bees on the main bribe.

The hull with the suspension is set on the hive by letting it in the opposite direction than that of the main building. This work is done at the beginning of the day, and in the evening a young uterus is placed in a cage. From imprisonment, she is released the next day. A branch that is constantly amplified by brood grows rapidly and builds new honeycombs. Bees in the layering will not swarm, because families in which the young uterus, very rarely swarm. To the main honey collection in these two families there is a large number of worker bees.

Connection otvodka with the main family

The connection of the layer with the main family is made on the threshold of the onset of the main honey collection. First you need to detect and transplant the old uterus. Then the deaf bottom is removed and the frames are regrouped. In the lower case arrange honeycomb, having brood in the open form. And in the one above it, they place honeycombs containing printed brood. On the case immediately install a store extension for storing honey.

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