This sensation in meat rabbit breeding was made by the Ober rabbits, which are among the largest representatives of the rabbit breed. The length of the body of these giants can reach 1 m, and weight - 12 or more kilograms. Breeding animals that are calm and unpretentious in the care, is very beneficial. Females reach sexual maturity at 4-5 months and 10-12 pups are bred within 30 days of gestation.
The giants among the rabbit
The breed of rabbits ober was a consequence of the improvement of the Belgian Flandres differing in gigantic sizes. Breeders set themselves the goal to bring large animals with high precocity, which would quickly gain weight and have monochrome high quality fur.
Rabbits ober most often have a fur of gray or white colors, although sometimes there are animals with a different color. But this is considered a sign of breed degeneration. Such pets after reaching slaughter age are rejected.
As a rule, by the age of 4 months, the bunnies weigh at least 2.5 kg and can be allowed to mate.
A feature of the mating of animals of this species is that with this process it is impossible to delay. Females who have an excellent appetite and are not covered in time may refuse to reproduce their offspring at all.
The same problem occurs in obese animals. Therefore, when feeding them you need to limit the amount of feed saturated with carbohydrates.
Profitability of meat and fur breeding Obers
The slaughter of meat animals is best carried out at the age of 5-6 months, when they weigh 5-6 kg. In the future, the main increase in weight is due to obesity, which reduces the dietary characteristics of rabbit meat, but increases the popularity of meat among connoisseurs of this product.
After skinning and carcass skinning, its weight is up to 60% by weight of the live rabbit, and the content of high-quality rabbit meat reaches 75%.
Despite the fact that the skins of the rabbits ober are not distinguished by elite qualitative characteristics, the demand for them is high. This is due to the large size of the animals, and the possibility of stretching the skin allows you to sew one-piece products for children.
White fur Ober is easily painted in any tone and retains a new color for many years. It is in demand in clothing factories specializing in the manufacture of outerwear.
The main signs of the breed
Ober rabbit belonging to one of the most popular meat breeds is distinguished by gigantism and has well-developed skeletal muscles. Breed description includes:
- the presence of a massive body, the length of which reaches 75-100 cm;
- powerful legs are able to hold a heavy body, whose weight reaches 10-12 kg;
- the back of the animal is straight, and the back of the body is rounded;
- the volume of the well-developed chest in the girth is 45-50 cm;
- the length of the V-shaped standing ears is almost a third of the size of the whole body;
- the length of thick wool does not exceed 3-3.5 cm;
- The main color of the fur is gray and white.
Representatives of the breed of rabbits ober differ from their relatives phlegmatic character. They are very calm and indifferent to everything that happens around. Therefore, rabbits are almost not exposed to serious stress, which can adversely affect their health.
In some cases, the breeding of rabbits has taken place as domestic animals, but it has not received wide distribution due to the size of the animals and the large amount of feed they consume.
For the content of the need bulk cells
The production characteristics of this breed make it possible to engage in industrial breeding of rabbits ober, aimed at obtaining inexpensive dietary rabbit meat.
Based on the large size of animals, the cages for their maintenance should be roomy and give the rabbits the opportunity to move freely in them.
The size of the room for the fattening animal should be at least 1 m in length, 60-70 cm in width and about 70 cm in height.
It is strictly not recommended to lay the mesh floor. This is due to the fact that due to the large load on the paws, they can be injured, causing loss of appetite and deterioration in the general condition of the rabbit.
Cages for producers can be replaced by larger enclosures, in which females should be kept separately from males. To avoid fights between males, for each of them you need to build an individual cell.
Such a cage should be spacious and convenient for placing in it females, which are periodically placed to cover. You can build one large mating cage, in which the male is placed 10-12 hours before the rabbit.
Physiological features of the Obers
The great advantage of the breed is that almost immediately after it’s around, the female is again ready to mate and produce offspring. During the year, she is able to lead up to 65-80 rabbits, although in this mode her body wears out quickly
The best is holding 4 okrols per year. In each of them there will be 10-12 healthy babies that grow quickly, turning into adult animals.
If you decide to start breeding Obers, then the best to get baby rabbits that have reached the age of 3-4 months. Males and females should not have kinship. Otherwise, at the first stage of reproduction, the degeneration of the breed may begin and the appearance of rabbits with congenital defects.
Try to annually acquire new males that fully meet the characteristics of the breed.
However, Ober males are excellent for covering other female breeds. The offspring obtained from such patches is distinguished by larger sizes and precocity.
Problems of breeding Obers and their solutions
The disadvantage of the breed is that the young in the first 3 months of life is very sensitive to feed. He may suffer from abdominal distention and intestinal obstruction.
Because of their excellent appetite, Obers are able to eat almost any kind of feed, including hay and freshly cut grass, tops and root crops, silage, mixed feed and wet mash from boiled vegetables.
If not cleaned in a timely manner, then staph infections, mold and fungi can develop in the cell. They can cause the disease state of the young and lead to death.
Weak immunity of adult animals does not allow them to fight infections, so you can not do without timely vaccination. Excellent results are obtained using the associated vaccine for myxomatosis and UHD.
Read more in the article "Using the associated vaccine for rabbits."
Remember that the infection of pets by airborne droplets occurs very quickly, and within 3-4 days you can completely lose livestock.
Do not forget to systematically carry out the sanitary and hygienic processing of cells and give pets special drugs that take worms and ticks out of their bodies.
Put a class if the article was interesting and useful for you.
Tell us in the comments about your own experience of using ober to improve other breeds of rabbits.