Wild horses are the progenitors of our modern horses. About them we will tell in our article. And interesting videos and photos will help to better know how these animals looked and how their few, living to our times relatives live.
The first wild horses that lived in Europe are tarpans. They were divided into inhabitants of the steppe and forest parts. They lived mainly in groups headed by the most active stallions. Externally, the tarpan looked like a small horse (taller than a pony), at the withers the animal reached a size of 136 cm. You could look at the photo below as a tarpan.
The European wild horse (the second name of the Tarpan) was a muscular suit, that is, a black-brown or yellow with a brown tinge. The mane was sticking out, short, dark, like a tail. Hooves tarpan had very tight and strong. Thick and dense wool did not allow these inhabitants of Eastern Europe to freeze in the winter. In winter, this wild horse brightened, becoming sandy. Herds of hundreds of heads could run long distances, being divided on the way into smaller groups.
World-famous wild horses of Przhevalsky (or steppe horses) are now preserved in nature, but their numbers are quite modest. At the moment, no more than two thousand such horses live on the whole planet. Including two herds lives in Pripyat, where they were brought by zoologists in the hope of increasing the population. These are powerful, stocky animals of reddish-sand color, with short black mane and black legs sticking out.
The Przhevalsky horse is not inferior to the Tarpan in height at the withers - about 130 cm. The weight of one adult individual, depending on the sex, is about 300-350 kg. Externally, the animal is quite massive, rounded, runs very quickly, sensitive to other sounds, fearful. Herd instincts are developed perfectly adult individuals protect their offspring, creating a kind of lively circle around foals in case of danger. On the next video, we offer a look at the life of Przhevalsky's horses in the wild.
Wild horses of the Camargue (or Camargue horses) live in the Mediterranean. Outwardly, this horse is not particularly attractive, because it has a rough outlines of the head and a squat, but powerful body. The color is predominantly gray, the mane and tail can be both light and dark in color, the eyes are brown or black. These horses lead a nomadic lifestyle, and often run out in flocks on the shores of the sea, which greatly attract tourists.
The local rural population occasionally uses the Camargue as a small force of force, like bulls or mules. Also horses are used for riding. Most of them now live in a natural reserve, which is controlled by local authorities. Then watch the popular, exciting video about how beautifully the Camargue rides along the seashore.
About Heck's horse is currently little known. This species of the horse family resembles tarpan, in the shape of the muzzle and torso. Color gray, with gray tint. Body weight - about 400 kg. The height at the withers is 140 cm. The animals were bred by artificial crossing of feral domestic individuals as part of the scientific program of the brothers Heinz and Lutz Heckov (Berlin Zoo) at the beginning of the 20th century.
Currently, a mixture of horses Hake and Polish horsemen (another wild species) live in large zoos of the world and the natural reserve zone of Italy, Spain and Germany.
The muscular strong horse, with a characteristic gray-black color, was bred at the beginning of the last century. Her ancestor was a tarpan, it was after his disappearance that tarpan horses or "conic" appeared. This type of horse was initially used as a working vehicle and a motive force. Mostly horsemen lived in the Bialowieza Forest (in its Polish part). Gradually, they spread to the Belarusian part.
These animals nowadays live in European zoos, interbreeding and breeding. For 4 years now the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has been following a program that will return horsemen to the natural habitat in the coming decades. In size, a conic is not very different from a Przhevalsky horse - about 140 cm at the withers, a weight of about 400 kg, a light gray, smoky body and a black mane and tail. The knee joints are also black, as is the skin at the base of the hoofs.
Ordinary domestic horses, feral and breeding in North and South America. Previously, they were hunted by ethnic Americans (Indians), which is why they are currently on the verge of extinction. Outwardly very attractive, have a strong powerful body, developed muscles, a wavy mane and a wavy tail. Coloring is very different - from black to white with transitions, markings, various paths.
How do horses live in the wild?
In nature, a wild herd necessarily consists of several mares and only one male leader. He is the leader, his task is to protect and protect mares, cover. But the leader is the alpha female. She is usually the oldest in the herd. It is she who leads herd to new pasture places and keeps order.
She submits to the stallion, and the rest of the females to both her and the leader. Growing stallions leave the herd and unite into bachelor groups until they themselves organize the herd or beat off the females.
Leader stallions lead the leader in a certain period (usually 3 years) from the herd. They are forced to either gather their flock, or join the crowd of the same individuals, and hold on to the leader. By the way, the leader of the herd marks all the mares, so the “lost” stray colt is unlikely to risk covering the mare that the other male has marked. The smell serves as the same identifying mark for the mother and baby, for the female and the male who formed the family, as well as for individuals from different breeding groups.
By the way, in North America and Asia you can often find single horse families in the wild - a mare, a stallion and a foal. Such individuals, living separately from the herd, prefer to dwell together on their beloved plain, a stretch of steppe, low forest. The following video is about how the wild horses of the North American island of Sable live. Backstage work photographer Robert Dutesko.