All breeds of domestic bulls are created as a result of selection work and by natural selection. That is why almost all of them are distinguished by their outstanding qualities.
Today in the world there are more than 1000 breeds, 300 of which are most often used in livestock and farm cattle breeding. Let's take a look at the most popular bull breeds with photos and videos in this article.
Porcelain Bull or Chianine
Today, the representatives of this Italian breed are the largest in the world. In their incredible size and size, you can be sure by looking at the photo. In addition to its size, these males have become popular all over the world due to very high quality meat.
A large mass of animals is not achieved due to fat, but solely due to muscle mass. Among this breed there is only one suit: cream or white with a gray tint. Due to this, the bulls got their famous name - porcelain.
Despite its frightening size, which is about 180 centimeters at the withers, porcelain bulls have a very calm and kind disposition. They are rarely caught in a clash with each other and they never attack people. According to official data, Chianine as a species has been around for several thousand years. Today they are champions in strength and power.
Interesting to know
The biggest bull in history today is a porcelain male named Donneto, as well as the frezian white handsome chile. As for Donneto, he lived in Switzerland in the middle of the 17th century and weighed 1,740 kilograms and was 190 centimeters tall. Chile, who looks very cute and looks like a cow, is now about 16 years old. He is listed in the Guinness Book of Records with a weight index of 1300 kilograms. Every year the animal gains weight over 100 kilograms.
The absolute record for growth today is the male Trigger - 196 centimeters at the withers. He lives on a private farm in Herefordshire, England. And the bull named Field Marshal is the current record holder in terms of weight - 1,700 kilograms.
These bulls today are used to improve stamina and acclimatize other breeds. This type of Kalmyk tribes was developed in the first half of the 17th century in the harsh climatic conditions of the lower Volga. The Kalmyk people were nomadic at that time, so their cattle were accustomed to cold winds and frosts, content in open space, and poor feed. The appearance of these bulls today reminds of this.
Kalmyk representatives are only of red color with white spots on the legs, head and chest. These are rather large animals with an average weight of 800-1000 kilograms. Productive yield of meat - from 60 to 67%. Today this breed is widespread in the dry steppe zones of Russia.
Another major representatives of the meat type, which were bred in the XVIII century in England (County Hereford). Today it is this breed that ranks first in the world among all meat. Bulls Herefords are used to improve the meat qualities of many other cows.
Males have a very massive muscular body, strong legs and powerful sternum. The power of these giants is amazing. Today, this breed is also known for its excellent acclimatization and endurance qualities. Efficiency - 65% marble meat.
English bulls Shorthorns were bred in the XVI century in England by crossing Dutch and local English cows. In our country, about these beautiful manufacturers learned only in the XX century. Today, the breed is used in the meat and combined direction.
The distinctive feature of these bulls is a bit loose construction, a red variegated color (sometimes black), a large weight - up to 1200 kilograms. Today the Shorthorns are known for their high meat slaughter rates — over 70%. However, it is important to note that these animals are fastidious in content. They do not give a good weight gain on poor feed and do not tolerate poor care.
Bred in the 18th century in France, these beautiful gobies are still known and popular in the world of beef and cattle breeding. Today, the breed is an improved type of livestock as a result of crossing Charolais with Shorthorn cows.
Charolais males are large, have a broad head, a long and deep body, a short neck, a wide loin with rounded muscles. Color white with a cream shade. The average weight of animals is 1000-1200 kilograms, sometimes they reach very high indicators - 1500 kilograms. Despite their size, the bulls are calm, balanced, very unpretentious in feeding. In the United States, Canada and France, they successfully cross with other breeds to improve meat performance.
Modern breed known among livestock breeders as a particularly fast maturing. And still these gobies are real long-livers and adapt well to various climate conditions. With intensive fattening, these animals show record-breaking mass gains. Piedmontze - extensive meat breed.
What does it mean? This means that high weight gain can also be obtained when growing bulls in herds on natural pastures, using additional feedings only in the winter period. Piedmontze differ slightly elongated body, large muscles. When mating with cows of both meat and dairy breeds, the males pass on excellent product quality.
Another well-known German bull breed, which today has dual use. It develops especially intensively in the northern part of Bavaria. German Gelbfi, as you have seen in the photo, have a monochrome brown suit. Gobies are strong, hardy, large and very balanced. In private household farms they are used to improve other breeds. In particular, Gelbfi transmit a high percentage of calving, long life expectancy, good immunity.
The bulls of this breed have a wide elongated body, pronounced musculature of the back of the body, falling backwards. It is the latter quality that is transmitted to females for easier calving. High vitality is another important feature of Gelbfi. These bulls are very popular in those regions where, due to climatic conditions, poor meadows and pastures.