Have you ever thought about breeding ornamental breeds of chickens? Not? Then we advise you to start! Bentams chickens - this is what you need in this case. And what they have proven themselves to read further in the article.
There are no accurate statements about the appearance of the breed. There are two established opinions that contradict each other. The first is that Bentams are completely independent breed and only mother nature participated in its selection. The second one says that they are bred in a piecewise manner, as a completely decorative breed. After learning more details about these chickens, we can talk about the loyalty of both opinions.
The fact that the name "bentamki" combines many decorative rocks. Some of which emerged independently, while others are a reduced copy of large breeds of chickens. On the territory of Russia, only two breeds are considered to be the most common - these are Bentams nut and calico. But the article will discuss the most popular varieties of these dwarf chickens, such as:
- black and white;
A bit of history
Some scientists claim that the first rumors about these chickens came from ancient India. There they were bred as fighting chickens or for decorative purposes. From there, they were brought to China and Japan, where chickens settled well as a decorative addition to the courtyards of nobles. Only then, thanks to travelers, mini-chickens came to Europe. But if you dig, you can find information that it is Bentamki depicted on the walls of the tomb of Pi-kii, which belong to the VII century BC.
Then they are mentioned in the works of the Roman scholar Pliny the Elder. Also Bentamock was mentioned in his works by the French naturalist J. Buffon. For the first time in Russia, information about them appeared in 1774 in the Bird's Yard manual (the first edition of the manual). Based on this, Bentamok can rightly be considered one of the oldest breeds of chickens in the world. But the decision of what to believe, and what - no, it remains only for you.
Shabo is Japanese Bentams. Their characteristic feature is very small growth. To be precise, this is the smallest breed of chickens. Among other bantamok they stand out long and wide wings. There is also no plumage on the legs. They are divorced only for decorative purposes.
Beijing mini chickens
They are often referred to as the Cochinha Bentams. Seeing them at least once you can guess why such a name stuck to them. They do resemble a reduced copy of Cochinquins. Characteristic features are strongly feathered legs.
These are mini-chickens with silver or golden plumage. The edge of each pen has a black border. They also have ear lobes white, and a pinkish crest like that of the Hamburg breed. The chest is large and protrudes heavily forward, but it has a small back and an underdeveloped tail. Their legs are blue and without plumage.
A characteristic feature of the breed is its low viability. Seabright chickens are very prone to degeneration. Therefore, many poultry farmers are not enthusiastic about their breeding.
This breed is considered one of the most beautiful. For the first time she appeared in England, where her further selection continued. Of all the Bantamok, the fighting ones are considered the most enduring and strong. A characteristic feature of this bird is a bright and colorful plumage, a fan-shaped tail and large wings. The structure of the body, they are very similar to large fighting breeds.
It is the Nanking breed that scientists consider the oldest among the Bantamoks. The plumage of these chickens is bright and has many shades. The most common color is considered orange-yellow. The roosters of this species have a large and black chest, a bright mane with black specks, and a large, black tail. The comb in hens is rosy, but can also be leaf-shaped. Legs are lead colored and without plumage.
Dutch Bantams have black plumage, and from white they have only a large crest on their head. Characteristic features are a black beak, a large head, a small comb in the shape of the Latin letter “V” and black, non-feathered legs. In appearance, the chicken resembles some kind of fabulous bird.
Black and white
Black and white breed is also called Hamburg. The characteristic feature of these chickens is black and white, iridescent plumage of the whole body.
Hazel Bentams today are widely distributed in Russia. The characteristic features of the appearance include a small head, a small yellow beak, as well as a characteristic brown-gray plumage. The legs of the bird are non-feathered and have a bluish tint.
Another breed that is widespread in the open spaces of Russia. Breed to us from Japan. Basically it looks like the Nut Bentham. The difference is bright calico plumage.
The live weight of the Bantamok chickens is on the average half a kilogram, and the males is almost one kilogram. Egg production in chickens begins approximately from the 5th to the 7th month of life. The mass of one egg becomes 44-45 g. In a year a mini chicken can carry about 130 eggs.
Although Bentamki are considered decorative breed, but they are great for breeding at home. You can also think about the industrial scale of production. This is due to the fact that eggs Bentamok have exceptional taste and dietary properties. And the meat is much softer, tastier and healthier than that of an ordinary chicken. And with all this, mini-chickens are unpretentious in content, and they need two-thirds less feed than an ordinary layer.