In chickens, like in other poultry, the most frequently occurring disease is helminthiasis, or more simply, the infection with worms. As a rule, parasites settle and live in the intestines. However, in rare cases other organs can also be affected. If worms are found in chickens, it is important to begin treatment immediately.
How to determine the presence of worms?
Helminthiasis in chickens is manifested by the presence of many types of worms, for example, ascaris, tapeworms and others. Since they affect different organs of birds, each such infection will manifest itself with its own symptoms. For example, some parasites live in the lungs, in the egg-collecting paths or in the mucous membranes. Among all the parasites, worms in chickens are considered the least dangerous, since they do not cause complications.
To see that the chicken is infected with worms is easy. The main symptoms appear quickly: lack of appetite, deterioration of appearance. In such cases, the bird does little or does not eat at all, gains weight poorly, quickly loses weight. Treatment of helminthiasis is important to begin immediately after its detection, as the bird loses its immunity and can pick up a more serious infection. There are also cases when a large number of parasites simply tear apart the intestinal walls. This leads to the death of the bird.
In order to accurately and accurately determine the infection of chickens, you need to conduct a special laboratory analysis of poultry droppings. To do this, it is enough to send a sample to the nearest laboratory. At home about the presence of worms indicate the following symptoms:
- decrease and sharp weight loss;
- reduced productivity, eggs with a soft shell;
- yellow diarrhea;
- lethargy and lack of appetite;
- pale color comb.
Young birds feel most strongly infected. With age, they develop a certain immunity, so the course of the disease can be almost asymptomatic.
Ways of infection
Most often, parasites are transmitted to healthy individuals through poor-quality food, dirty water, from other infected birds, through eggs from other farms. Chickens that have free range in the yard are most often affected. Also, the non-observance of sanitary and hygienic norms in the house and in the aviary leads to an increase in the percentage of helminthiasis. However, it is important to note that most domestic chickens have worms. The smallest number is found only in those layers that are constantly kept in clean cells. In any case, veterinarians are advised to perform anthelmintic procedures twice a year: in summer and in winter.
What are they dangerous?
It is clear that any infection with parasites carries a danger. This also applies to worms. The fact is that they feed on all those nutrients that enter the intestines of the chicken. Naturally, in such a case, the bird does not receive enough trace elements, the body is depleted, it loses weight. See the photo.
There is another very unpleasant consequence of infection with worms - toxication. The fact is that parasites during their life emit a huge amount of toxins. They are absorbed into the blood, thereby impairing the immune system and the general condition of the body. From this bird and sick, and often die.
It is important to note that the larvae of worms can penetrate into the eggs, therefore, as a result of its use, human infection can also occur. Also you can not eat the meat of sick birds. After treatment, at least two to three weeks should pass.
How to deal with them?
This is perhaps the most important issue that worries all breeders of chickens. Today, the veterinary industry offers a lot of drugs for both prevention and treatment of helminthiasis. Most often, elimination of worms used fenasal and betionol. Drugs are mixed with food and give the dose indicated in the instructions. After the first course, it is advisable to repeat the treatment after 6 days.
The popular drugs Ivermectin and Deepenvet have a wide range of actions, therefore they are used as prophylaxis for all types of internal parasites. Chickens and young chickens should be given such antihelminthic drugs a month after being released into the common yard. Also, as a preventive measure, you can use folk remedies: pumpkin seeds, rosehips, lingonberries.
ATTENTION! Do not take any unlicensed drugs in your home practice. Since we use the products from our layers ourselves, this may be unsafe for our health. Consult a veterinarian before using a new unknown medication.