About what to feed the rabbit after the moment of birth and before the birth, will be discussed in this article. Please be extremely careful when studying the material, as this topic is especially important in the rabbit breeding. In the process of gestation and during the breastfeeding period, the female organism is greatly depleted. Your first priority, fill the lack of nutrients, competently making a diet. The set of products and their quantity is important.
Basics of diet for expectant mothers
During pregnancy, rabbit transferred to enhanced feeding, completely changing their diet. Immediately after mating, the amount of feed consumed is increased by 220 g and add digestible protein, in a proportion of 15 g per 100 g of products. The presence of clean water in the cell around the clock is a must.
7 days before the expected birth, silage feed, grass and roughage are almost completely excluded from the diet. The proportion of concentrates, on the contrary, increase. Beans, grains and oats increase to 100 grams per day, sunflower oil cake - up to 50 grams. Be sure to include in the menu of rabbit fish oil and chalk - 2 g per day.
An important nuance is the feeding of the pregnant rabbit feeding the previous offspring. In this case, the amount of feed is increased by 350 g, and the proportion of protein is raised to 18 g per 100 g of products. If you do not follow these rules, then the female may not survive okrol, and the young will be born underdeveloped or dead.
Approximate menu option before the birth of babies
We give an example of how to feed pregnant rabbits. If the above recommendations apply from the first day of fertilization of the female, then this menu is effective only in the second half of pregnancy:
- 45% grain feed;
- 43% hay;
- 10% succulent herbs;
- 2% mineral supplements.
Please note that the total diet is 100%, but this designation is conditional. In the menu of pregnant rabbits, you can add branches of trees. They have a positive effect on the digestive process. You should not completely exclude vegetables and fruits, but they should be given with caution so that the babies do not develop an allergic reaction.
Remember that overweight does not benefit the animal, so overfeeding the rabbits is dangerous for their health. In the worst case, this will lead to the death of the offspring and disturbances in the body of the female.
Make a menu plan for giving birth females
To feed the rabbit after childbirth is necessary even more carefully than during pregnancy. Her body not only needs strength to recover. The process of lactation takes a lot of energy. If you feed the mother is not correct, then the kids will not get the right amount of nutrients, therefore, their development will stall.
After a rabbit, thirsty thirsty rabbits, so make sure that they have clean water in large quantities.
The amount of food for the rabbit after caulking is not reduced. If in the first 10 days they are entitled to 330 g of feed, then in the next 10 days its quantity is increased to 440 g. In the next tenth the ration is expanded to 560 g and then to 700 g of products. This is due to the fact that the growing kids begin to “drag” from the mother bowl.
Be sure to use supplements to the diet of lactating rabbits. Fish oil, chalk, salt and meat and bone meal are added to food. The daily menu of females after childbirth can be approximately as follows: up to 300 g of hay, 30 g of sunflower meal, 50-60 g of sunflower cake and 5 g of fodder yeast.
Option mash for mom and offspring
During the feeding period, the rabbit's body constantly needs vitamins, which it can receive only from a balanced feed. Especially acute shortage of nutrients is felt in the autumn and winter, when the rabbit breeders do not have the opportunity to give the animals fresh and useful grass.
The way out of the situation is the mash, cooked according to the recipe, which is based on oats - up to 60%. If possible, add alfalfa to the mix and don't forget to add minerals. Milk can be used if it is dry or sour. It is better to refuse a fresh product as it is badly acquired.
A balanced version of the mash is the recipe, consisting of 10% alfalfa flour, 10% beans, 12% bran, mixed with oats. The amount of feed increases in proportion to the growth of rabbits, since by 14–18 days they begin to switch from mother's milk to regular food, “taking” it from mom.
Lack of milk: products that stimulate its production
If a rabbit has problems with lactation, then it can disrupt the development of babies. Usually the reason for such a violation is exactly the wrong diet, because on the day the female produces up to 200 g of milk, spending up to 0.9 g of received feed per milliliter. And, if she gets enough food, then there will be nothing to feed the babies.
Breastfeeding is very important for the development of newborn rabbits. If the mother has a disruption in lactation, you should try to normalize milk production. To do this, add barley, alfalfa, oats and corn to your feed. Use parsley, dill or pryasil - they contribute to the production of milk.
If lactation can not be normalized using feed, you can use drugs. For example, the means "Oxytocin", which contributes to the appearance of milk in a dose of 0.2 cubic meters ... If it is not possible to stabilize its production, it will be necessary to use other methods. Read more about this in the article "What feeds little rabbits."
Winter stocks so that the diet does not become scanty
A pregnant rabbit should be fully fed, regardless of the season. In summer, it is easier to provide a balanced diet with green herbs and fresh vegetables. But in order for mom and kids to be healthy and strong, you need to prepare for the cold and stock up on suitable products.
Having shown ingenuity, you will easily find a suitable substitute for green herbs to provide the rabbit with a balanced diet in the cold. It is recommended to give boiled potatoes, silage, bran, oilcake in winter. Also, since the summer, favorite herbs are stored, such as nettle or wormwood. Burdock is very useful for the rabbit, but the branches of elderberry, apricot and bird cherry can kill the animal.
As a winter diet, you can use the following menu: boiled potatoes (200 g), wheat bran (40 g), meal (30 g), grains (70 g). The second option consists of 200 g of dried grass, 150 g of boiled potatoes, 100 g of carrots, 80 g of compound feed, 10 g of oil cake and 15 g of bran from wheat.
Oppose winter avitaminosis
In the cold season, the breeders fill the shortage of vitamins in the body of animals with the help of root crops. But farmer stocks are not infinite, and by the spring breeders have to go to the pet store for vitamins. For the full life of the females require vitamins A, D and E.
To compensate for the lack of vitamins A and D, bunnies are given fish oil. Its norm for lactating females 3 g per day. Rabbits are given 0.5 g each, and adults 2 g each. Component E is found in baker's yeast or sprouted grains — both can be used in winter.
To compensate for the lack of phosphorus and calcium, the rabbit is given bone meal and chalk. To replenish sodium and chlorine in the diet include table salt. Its young animals need 1 g per day, adults need 1.5 g, and when fattening animals for slaughter - 3 g.
If milk is not enough
Sometimes, the rabbit's pregnancy ends in difficult childbirth, which leads to the death of the female or her exhaustion. In both cases, the baby loses maternal milk, without which it will not survive in the first days of its existence. In the article "About artificial feeding of baby rabbits", we describe in detail how to solve this problem.
Recall that the simplest option - to put the cub to another rabbit. Fortunately, these females calmly react to other people's babies, so feeding will take place without complications. If there is no other nurse in the farm, you will have to turn to artificial feeding.
First, rabbit milk is easily replaced by goat milk. But the cow fit worse. Secondly, you can use dry mixes for newborns. For example, baby food "Baby." It is necessary to switch over to herbal supplements from 3 weeks no earlier, otherwise the cubs may have torsion.
Some problems and solutions
Sometimes rabbits can ignore babies, setting aside. The reason for this behavior may be hormonal failure. To solve the problem, a male is brought to the female, since after mating the hormones return to normal and the rabbit calms down.
The second reason for not feeding babies is stress. It can occur if the rabbit is often pulled out of a cage, for example for cleaning. If you leave the female alone, after a while she will return to feeding the young. But in some cases, severe stress can cause the complete disappearance of milk.
Rabbits are very responsible mothers, but some of them may have no maternal instinct. In such a situation, the female is placed in a warm, comfortable place and placed on her back. Cubs alternately enclosed to the mother, so as not to frighten her.
If you suspect a violation of lactation, then you can find out by slightly pressing the nipple. In the normal process, a small drop will appear from it. If this does not happen, try to normalize the milk supply in one of the ways described above.
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