Currently, beekeepers use a large number of different beehives. For a long time, they use the kinds they are accustomed to. Replacing a habitual hive with a new one happens infrequently: when, for example, the life of a bee colony can no longer continue in the old hive. Sometimes due to diseases there is a need to replace the bee house. Classic hives are quite heavy, so a beehive Boa could become a good option for a beekeeper, which we will discuss in more detail in this article.
Features of the design of the hive
Thanks to its ease of use and beekeeping, the Udea hive has long become popular among beekeepers. This type is a design of 9-11 housings on a compressed socket. And it does not need to warm the upper case with a pillow or other insulating material. The body of the Hive Boaden usually has a height of 13.5 (centimeters), a length of 30 and a width of 33.5 cm. The back and front walls are 3 cm thick, and the side wall is 2 centimeters thick.
In each separate enclosure consisting of 9 frames, a notch with a diameter of 13 millimeters was made. The frames in Udawa have non-standard dimensions: their height is 11, and the width is 28 centimeters. They are made of wooden blocks with a thickness of five millimeters. The upper and lower bars have a width of 2.5 centimeters, and the side - 3.5 centimeters. At the top of the frame, a cut is made with a width of 2 millimeters; A standard sheet of honeycomb, without residue, is divided into four frames, which is very economical.
Outwardly, the Boa looks like a multi-body riser with a compressed socket.
Advantages of evidence Boa
- The process of plowing in this type of hive is simple and does not require time. In a few minutes the whole body of the hive can be filled with frames.
- Ease and simplicity of installation. The body, together with the frames, has a mass that does not reach three kilograms, and with honey it is almost twelve. Raise the whole body with honey, it will not be difficult.
- The development of a bee colony in these hives is accelerating. The temperature in them is easy to control. And the presence of letkov in each separate section of the body provides good ventilation, so the bees never sit on arrivals.
- The boa is distinguished from other types of bee houses by a simple, easy-to-use beekeeping technology, convenient maintenance. Bees feel comfortable in the Udawa and this has a positive effect on their productivity.
- In the Hive Boa there is a 19-millimeter space, thanks to which the bees can easily move to the uterus. Insects easily get to the cells and service them.
- Such hives can be made by hand without spending time and money. Before this, it is useful to view the training video and get acquainted with the drawings. Boas are ideal for a nomadic apiary when transportation is required from time to time.
Looking through the video materials on the topic, you pay attention to the fact that beekeepers almost never talk about the disadvantages of such hives. It seems that they are not, but it is not. Some beekeepers do not like that the Boa evidence is completed with small frames. This makes doing extra work, complicates the wintering and use of anti-war techniques, because of what the work seems to be irrational. However, another group of practicing beekeepers do not consider the use of small frames a disadvantage, but rather an advantage.
Many practitioners consider the main drawback of the hive Udar too many frames. Others do not like too high hive height.
The subtleties of beekeeping with a "boa"
It is rather convenient to use hives of this type, because it does not take much time and effort to maintain them. Wintering bees usually occurs in 5 buildings. Immediately after wintering, the bees are allowed to make the first flight, and then you need to give them serious attention. To do this, remove the first two corps, in which there are usually no bees. Next you need to free the bottom of the hive debris and inspect the entire bee house, drawing attention to the presence of brood and the behavior of bees. If everything is fine, then close the hive and consider the inspection complete.
Future activities should take into account the ambient temperature and other weather conditions. It is very important to timely insert a framework with a wrinkle and make the expansion of the body. The first corpus with wax foundation should be added 15 days after the spring flight of the bees. The new case is installed in the slot section with brood. New enclosures are installed on top of previous ones.
Artificial swarming is carried out only when it is necessary to prevent the occurrence of this process or when they want to replace the uterus. For this purpose, the corpus with the uterus is removed and two more are added to it: one below and one above. Three days later, this hive is put closer to the old one. The flight bees of the old hive appear very quickly in the new. If the next inspection shows that the insect is crowded, then the next body with wax is added.
During the main honey collection, the two lower shells are removed, which are often empty or filled with perga. The rest of the frame is deflated. For the winter, the bees are left with the estimated amount of honey for the winter diet, plus some margin. With proper care, each hive can produce approximately 50 kilograms of honey per season. Bee families winter well in a similar hive, if it has 8 kilograms of food.
Making your own hands
Making a piece of evidence with your own hands will not be difficult, if you watch a video on the subject, apply the appropriate drawings and follow the manufacturing algorithm. Our Boa will consist of a combined bottom, ten hulls and a cover.
Materials and tools
- trimming boards 35-40 centimeters long and 14-15 centimeters wide;
- a circular saw;
- small nails 25 millimeters long for making frames;
- stapler for attaching the lower frame;
- a vice for fastening of a framework when inserting a plate;
- nails 50 millimeters long;
- 50 mm long screws;
- electric drill with a drill 12 millimeters for the manufacture of the tap;
- protective agent "Pinoteks".
- Before the start of making the Beehive, you should pick up the necessary material with your own hands, watch the video and drawings, be patient and read the materials on the topic.
- First make the body and make a check of its size.
- From the prepared boards and slats we assemble the hull:
- front and back walls are made 30 millimeters thick;
- the side walls are performed with a thickness of 20 millimeters;
- we select strips for frames 5 millimeters thick;
- we select the top and bottom slats 25 millimeters wide;
- side slats should be 35 millimeters wide;
- We assemble the body using nails. Then we make a cut on the top rail measuring 2 by 27 millimeters. The height of the frame should be 110 millimeters, width - 28 millimeters. Folds for frames - 15 millimeters.
- When the basis of the product is made, proceed to the manufacture of the cover and the bottom.
- We select boards for roof strapping, which should be 8 millimeters in height and 20 millimeters thick.
- We think over the air cushion under the hood in advance. It will be 30 millimeters thick.
- Go to the bottom. Bars for tying the bottom we select 110 millimeters in height. The side bars should be 20 millimeters thick, the front and rear bars should be 30 millimeters thick.
- Cut the notch in the front bar strapping - 335 millimeters in length.
- When the hive is ready, it is covered with protective equipment such as Pinotex or Healthy Home. If the product is properly assembled, it will serve for many years.
Photo GalleryPhoto 1. Assembly scheme and the final form of the hive Boa Photo 2. Case diagram with dimensions Photo 3. Diagram of frame size
Video "Boah type hive: the subtleties of beekeeping"
In this video, an experienced beekeeper tells about his own experience in beekeeping in the hive Boa. Beginners material video beekeepers can find a lot of useful and instructive.