Black rabbit is familiar to professional breeders. Breeds of this color appeared due to the work of domestic breeders and scientists from other countries. And all because these animals have amazing qualities. They are not afraid of temperature changes, winds, they have excellent digestibility of feed and high fertility. All this makes them the best candidates for meat and animal production. In the article we will talk about the varieties of animals that have a dark color.
Viennese and fire rabbits
There are several varieties of black rabbit breeds: Viennese, brown and fire. The Viennese species of these animals appeared in 1925, thanks to the work of German breeders. The basis for breeding was taken several popular thoroughbred representatives: white giant, Alaska and Viennese blue.
The resulting rabbits differed unusual black fur with a metallic sheen. Often it is compared to the color of the wing of a raven to emphasize saturation. The weight of animals can reach 5 kg. They have a powerful body, large head, massive neck and erect ears with rounded ends. Breed is extremely popular among fans of rabbit exhibitions.
Fiery black appearance appeared in 1880 on the territory of England. These animals are distinguished by a bright skin, in the color of which most often there are two colors: black and red-brown (there are shades of yellow). By standard, dark coloring is present on top of the head and ears, on the back, rump, and upper part of the tail. Fiery wool frames the eyes, adorns the chest, abdomen, inside of the legs and tail.
The first representatives of the fire tracks were very aggressive. This is due to the fact that their ancestors are wild hares. Today, the problem of unbridled temper was solved, and you can learn more about the breed from the article "About black-fire rabbits".
Black-brown rabbits owe their appearance to Russian breeders. They were bred in 1942, but were recognized as a separate species only in 1948. When creating such representatives were used as flandr, Viennese blue, Russian chinchilla and white giant.
The main goal of the breeders was to create a breed with perfect adaptive abilities to the Russian climate. And the black-haired rabbit fully met their expectations. As an advantage of the resulting species, it should be noted that the animals can reach a weight of 6.5-7 kg.
Black-brown rabbits have a strong build, thick dense fur, an elongated body with a broad back and sternum (about 37 cm). The head of the animals is large, and the ears are long, up to 18 cm, and diverge slightly to the sides. Their coat is black, iridescent, darker on the back and lightening to the sides.
The guide hairs have a non-uniform color. At the base they are lighter. Downy hairs of blue color. And the axles below are gray, and closer to the top are brown. This combination gives a black shiny ebb.
To get healthy offspring from black-brown rabbits, there are a few secrets. The main thing that should be done is to form the breeding stock. Moreover, the selection of animals begins immediately after receiving the next offspring. There are certain standards that should be followed.
First, for breeding it is possible to select only animals from 1-3 litters. Secondly, they choose only large representatives that are suitable for other parameters: weight, beauty of the veil, underfur. In addition, the hare must be active, and not sit in a corner without moving.
The black-brown rabbit is distinguished by an average litter - up to 8 babies. If females have fewer calves, it is rejected from the breeding. The same happens with males who have not managed to fertilize a bunny after 3 coverings. Note that tribal girls must have high milkiness to feed future offspring.
The advantages and disadvantages of the breed
We are talking about black-brown rabbits precisely because they are bred specifically for our strip and possess the corresponding characteristics. Being engaged in improving the breed, the breeder F. V. Nikitin improved the following indicators:
- unpretentiousness to living conditions;
- unpretentiousness in food;
- early maturity;
- weight gain rate;
- the size of the individual.
Thus, the brown rabbit has become one of the leading species in the domestic market. But not all the shortcomings managed to eradicate. In some generations, animals are still born that are not suitable for these standards. On large farms they are culled immediately, on small ones they are excluded from breeding.
If we talk about the evils of the breed, then we can distinguish poorly developed bones and lack of body length (up to 50 cm). Also considered as disadvantages are humpback, not too developed sternum, sagging butt, clubfoot and crooked, weak weight gain, white tufts of hair in color, rarity of fur and brown veil.
Creating the right conditions: light, temperature, hygiene, comfort
There are 4 immutable rules without which the breeding of black-brown rabbits is impossible. First, it is the balance of lighting. In the rooms where these animals are kept, there may be no natural light at all, but it is necessary to create such light communication in order to regulate it depending on the period.
Despite the fact that black-brown rabbits perfectly adapt to low temperatures, we should not forget about creating a microclimate on the farm. Heat, for example, does not contribute to an increase in appetite, which leads to a decrease in the quality of fur.
Thirdly, it is necessary to monitor hygiene in the cells. If the rabbit is found in poor conditions, then she is under severe stress, leading to a decrease in fertility. In addition, the animals, whose dwellings are poorly cleaned, no longer wash, which leads to blockage of their sebaceous glands.
Fourthly, it is necessary to correctly calculate the dimensions of the cage and think over its structure so that the rabbits have a place to rest. When buying or mastering a house for a silver fox, choose one that can easily accommodate an animal of 70 cm in size.
Making up a diet: everything you need for healthy growth
Above, we talked about the fact that black rabbits are unassuming to eat. If you keep them in cages, in the summer they need enough hay and green herbs to feel comfortable. But, if you are engaged in professional breeding, then you need to take a responsible approach to the preparation of the diet.
The digestive system of black-brown rabbits works continuously, so they must have constant access to food and clean water. The daily diet includes greens (leaves, grass, tops), solid ingredients (branches or bark), fiber and protein. In the summer, you can refine the menu with fresh fruits and vegetables.
Do not abuse the beans in the preparation of the menu - they contribute to flatulence. Especially useful to rabbits are alfalfa, clover, nettle, dandelion and sorrel. You can use the leaves of corn, oats or barley.
Getting fur: slaughtering rules and features of molting
Fur rabbits black-brown breed is extremely valuable, as products from it are in demand in the domestic market. In order to breed these animals to bring real profit, you should create favorable conditions for keeping and make the right diet.
Rabbits can be slaughtered for skinning only from a certain age, otherwise the resulting fur will have no value.
For valuable fur, it is recommended to wait until the rabbits are 7-8 months old. In addition, do not slaughter the animals during the autumn-spring molt. Wait until the fur is completely refreshed. It usually takes 10-14 days.
Secrets of choice
Not all black rabbit breeds are common in Russia. Therefore, choose a purebred brown problem with an asterisk. In the markets you can find a lot of mixed representatives, not suitable for breeding. In order not to be mistaken when buying, follow our recommendations.
Up to 3-4 months, the young black-brown rabbits are completely black in color, and their body has not yet become rounded. Purebred brown-black rabbit can be identified by well-developed skeleton, absence of vislozadosti, humpback, clubfoot, sagging abdomen. A healthy baby will have a long body and a wide chest.
Pay attention to the fur was thick and uniform. If you start blowing on the pile, the opening funnel area should not exceed 3 square meters. mm And be sure to weigh the animal. At 8 months, its weight should reach 3 kg.
If you have any questions, you can discuss them in the comments to the article.
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