A good hen is a real find for any farmer. Very often the birds refuse to hatch eggs, throw nests or do not care about broods. And some do not want to sit on the clutch. How to properly lay the chicken on the eggs at home and make it a good hen? We suggest that you find out right now.
How does a hen become a hen?
The quacking period in chickens is directly related to the incubation instinct. The instinct of incubation usually coincides with the egg-laying period. As a rule, it manifests itself in chickens in the spring, when there is a marked carrying of eggs. It is similar to the maternal instinct characteristic of mammals.
In order to recognize a chicken in a hen, you should carefully observe it. The bird, ready to hatching, begins to whimper and can spend a lot of time in the nest. Another clear sign of the hen is the pale color of the scallop and its reduction in size. Also quiver issued ruffled feathers.
How to recognize a good hen?
The instinct of brooding is very well developed, as a rule, in meat and universal breeds. Its manifestation is associated with hormonal changes in the body of birds. However, some chickens in the process of genetics have generally lost the ability to be hens. These include mainly representatives of the egg direction.
To see a good hen is quite simple. Her keel is without feathers, and the skin is wrinkled, and if the chicken is not fed by force, it begins to lose weight rapidly. Some individuals even show aggression towards a person when he tries to get closer to the nest. Thus, they protect their future offspring. A hen is considered a good one, which, having left the nest, tries to eat quickly and return to it.
It should be noted that the hen doesn’t like it when its nest is on public display. As a rule, she has it in a secluded place. Therefore, a basket or a box in the farthest corner of the house can act as a nest. Also for this purpose suitable closed cell.
Special attention is given to the fact that the old hen incubates the eggs better than the young. In addition, you should not change the nest to which she was accustomed. Otherwise, there is a risk that the bird will refuse to hatch at all.
If there are few eggs under the hen and at the same time they are partially open even under the condition that it is tightly pressed to them with the body and covered with wings, this indicates its poor ability to hatch. However, this can happen if there are a large number of eggs laid. If the chicken spread its wings widely and in every possible way tries to cover the clutch, but it does not work with it, it means that the number of eggs should be slightly reduced.
On the eve of hatching, some of the eggs may emit a squeak of chicks. At this point, the chicken becomes restless and begins to whimper. Sometimes at the time of release, the chicks nestled with other fruits, squeak anxiously. In this case, a good hen rises and seeks to come to the aid of the baby.
A bird that is ready to hatch is given the following symptoms:
- she tries to avoid the cock;
- the hen after the carrying of the fetus lasts the longest in the nest;
- the bird uses plucked feathers to organize a nest for future offspring.
How to make a hen?
To make a hen of chicken, you can use one of the methods recommended by experienced poultry farmers:
- Leave about 10 eggs in the nest. This is an excellent stimulation for hatching.
- In order to check how well the brooding instinct is developed in your chosen hen, it is best to first plant the hen on fake eggs, that is, use tricks. By placing them in the nest, you should immediately plant a chicken on them. It is very important that the light does not enter the room. As practice shows, literally in 3-4 days she starts hatching real eggs.
- Plant the chicken in the nest and cover with a basket. After 2-4 days, the basket must be removed. If the chicken continues to sit, then it is necessary to lay eggs.
It is better to plant a chicken in the nest in the evening. In this case, the bird must be raised and quickly put the eggs in the nest. A good hen will immediately begin to roll up under his beak. After that, she looks around to make sure that not a single egg is left outside. How this happens in practice, we suggest to look at the video (author Arseny Seleznyov St. John's Wort).
In the room where the bird is trying to hatch eggs, the humidity should be moderate, and the temperature should be within 10-12 degrees. At the same time it is very important that it has twilight and silence. To protect the birds from insects, it is necessary to process the nests with lime. Straw or hay should be placed inside. It is advisable to properly tamp the raw material, and make a basket-shaped depression in the nest.
If one room is intended for several hens, you need to isolate them. Be sure to poultry should be released twice a day for 10 minutes so that she drank water and ate. But after a walk the chickens may confuse their nests, which would entail a conflict. Therefore, the owners need to be extremely attentive in this moment.
During the exercise, it is necessary to inspect the place where the bird incubates the eggs. If broken fruits were found or with a small crack in the shell, they should be removed. Bulged eggs with droppings, protein or yolk must be cleaned. However, you should not wash them or wipe them with a wet cloth. Also need to change the feed.
Under the hen you can put from 13 to 15 eggs. For large breeds, this number can be increased to 17. In addition, the success of brooding depends largely on the quality of the eggs. It is very important that they are as fresh as possible. Fruits that have lain longer than 3 weeks at home can not be called reliable.
Do you breed chicks with a hen?Poll
- Yes, when the chicken starts to cry
- Yes, but we force the chicken
- No, we use an incubator