In the summer of vitamins for rabbits can be obtained from the products, if you choose the right diet. In late winter and early spring, the situation becomes more complicated, and the animals require medicinal feed. Then come to the aid of pharmacies. If we neglect the care of ears, they will start to hurt, lose valuable fur and, in particularly difficult cases, die. About exactly what components are necessary for pets, in which products they are contained, how their deficiency manifests itself and in what quantities are necessary, we will tell in this article.
Vitamin Alphabet for Ears
The body is a complex smart system, but it does not always cope with maintaining the necessary balance. Vitamins for rabbits are responsible for different functions. With rational use of them, you can ensure the animal the best condition. Component A contributes to the normalization of the nervous and reproductive systems, and also helps in development.
B1 normalizes the cardiovascular system and digestion, and B2 helps keep rabbit skin fluffy and shiny. For the assimilation of products required B5. Vitamin B6 is a catalyst for the breakdown of protein and is responsible for the enzyme balance. Newborns can not do without B12, as it affects blood circulation and protein absorption.
Vitamin C strengthens the immune system, and D is involved in the formation of bone tissue and helps the absorption of minerals. For the growth of rabbits, an E component is needed that is involved in the development of muscle tissue and helps the heart to work. In addition, it has a positive effect on reproductive function, as does vitamin K.
Let us examine which vitamins, directly or indirectly, are responsible for the immunity of rabbits and what are the consequences of their lack. If you notice dryness in the eyes of the animal and a persistent runny nose, then this indicates a lack of component A. Its deficiency will further lead to stillborn offspring.
Problems with immunity can occur in the absence of vitamin C. Its lack provokes colds, gingival bleeding and tooth loss. The absence of ascorbic acid leads to baldness in rabbits. If you do not fill the balance, the animal dies.
If you notice problems with reproduction in rabbits, permanent miscarriages or the birth of dead young, then they lack vitamin E. It also affects dystrophy and can cause death. As you can see, even due to the lack of one component, the animal may die.
Consequences of beriberi
Some symptoms in rabbits indicate a lack of vitamins, and not a specific disease. Pay special attention to lactating females, as their bodies need nutrients to a greater degree. The most common eared animals suffer from a shortage of components from group B:
- work of the cardiovascular system decreases when there is not enough vitamin B1;
- there are problems with breathing if there is a lack of B2;
- B5 deficiency provokes vomiting, diarrhea and disrupts the gastrointestinal tract in rabbits;
- lack of B12 causes anemia (anemia).
The lack of some vitamins hits the internal systems, the lack of others violates the external development of rabbits. Thus, due to the absence of the D component, the limbs and the spine are curved in the animals - the causes of rickets. Unfortunately, these symptoms manifest in the later stages, when it is very difficult to help the animal.
Natural Sources of Useful Components
We will share with you the secret of what to give to rabbits in order to maintain vitamin balance in their bodies. In winter, eared ration forms the basis of hay, and in summer - grass. But they are not enough for the animals to receive useful components. It is necessary to diversify their diet with fruits and vegetables, most importantly, to know what.
To compensate for the lack of vitamin A, give carrots to rabbits. Component B is found in legumes, potatoes and bran. Parsley is rich in ascorbic acid, even when dried. If you add these products to the daily diet of rabbits, then vitamin deficiency does not threaten them.
The source of vitamin E is wheat germ, corn and greens. Vitamin K is found in nettle, needles, and cereals (to a lesser extent). Keep this in mind when composing a menu for rabbits. If you can not cope with it yourself, then use the tips from the article "How to feed rabbits."
Stopping in development: causes and ways of struggle
If the rabbit does not grow, or its development is behind the schedule, this indicates a lack of vitamins B and D. General lethargy is the first sign that the animals need to fill the balance of nutrients. If you do not pay attention in time, then the eared appetite disappears and the problem can be solved only with medicines.
Most of the deficiencies of B vitamins affect the functioning of internal organs, such as the heart, stomach, or lungs. Therefore, the body spends excessive efforts on recovery and its resources are not enough for development. In this case, the problem can be solved by changing the diet.
But the lack of vitamin D directly affects the formation of bone tissue. In particular, in rabbits, the structure of the paws is disturbed, and the spine is bent. If the component is not enough in the body of pregnant females, the offspring is born with rickets. In the later stages, the disease is not treatable, and the animals are considered unfit.
Complex "Chiktonik" and its application
Thanks to modern developments in the field of zoomedicine, it is possible to replenish the vitamin balance in the body of rabbits with special preparations. One of them is "Chiktonik" - a tool that contains the components A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B12, D3, E, K3 and about 20 more amino acids.
It is noteworthy that many of the components of the body is not able to develop independently and can only receive from the outside. The drug is perfect for maintaining the health of rabbits in the winter, during pregnancy or in the process of gaining weight.
Chiktonik is produced in different volumes - from 10 ml to 5 l. One course lasts 5 days, and you can repeat it monthly. The drug is added to water in the proportion of 1 ml per liter of liquid. There are no contraindications for the vitamin complex, the main thing is not to overdo it with the dosage.
About Prodevit and its use
Among the pharmaceutical preparations popular means "Prodevit", used by rabbit breeders for the prevention and treatment of rabbits. The composition of the vitamin complex includes components A, D3 and E, contributing to the elimination of defects in the mucous membranes.
"Prodevit" is suitable for filling the lack of elements included in its composition, and for the treatment of ulcers, rickets or liver problems. If it is used as a medicine, then intramuscular injections should be given to rabbits. Dosage per injection: 0.4 ml per individual (administered once every 7 days).
If Prodovit is used as a prophylactic, it is not required to inject it intramuscularly. In this case, it is added to feed for rabbits 2-3 drops daily. The course lasts from 2 to 3 months. The drug has no contraindications, so you can use it without fear.
Complex "E-Selen" and its features
Vitamin complex "E-Selen" give the rabbits, if they have a lack of components E or selenium. This drug is used as an immunostimulant (to maintain immunity). It helps to normalize the metabolism and helps animals fight viruses and infections.
The tool is used for prophylaxis (every 2-4 months) and for the treatment of diseases (one injection per week). You can put injections at the rate of 0.04 ml of solution per 1 kg of rabbit weight or give it with water in a ratio of 1: 100. Available in ampoules of various dosages - from 10 ml to 500 ml.
Unlike Prodevita and Chiktonika, E-Selena has contraindications. In some animals, an individual allergic reaction to selenium can occur.
If an overdose of the drug occurs, the rabbits will show symptoms of intoxication. In this case, it is recommended to use antidotes: methionine, unitol or sodium sulfate.
Even in the summer, it is difficult to plan the feeding of eared animals so that they receive the necessary nutrients. In winter, the task becomes even more complicated. Vitamin supplements for rabbits come to the rescue, allowing to fill the deficiency of mineral substances.
Top dressing for rabbits "Chika" is one of the most popular in the market. It consists of granulated herbs, carrots, calcium, phosphorus, salt and sodium. Supplement "Carly" consists of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins B and E. The drug "Bio-iron" is also widespread, which saves eared birds from such diseases as anemia or alopecia.
Among food additives, a special place is occupied by Ushastik. This premix consists of a number of vitamins A, D3, E, B2 and B12, as well as substances important for the normal functioning of the body: iron, copper, zinc, iodine. The drug has a positive effect on the reproductive system, promotes weight gain and makes the hair soft and shiny.
Ornamental breeds and their dressing
All the drugs sold in pet stores, as well as the above recipes rations, are suitable for decorative breeds and those rabbits that are kept on the farm. Homemade eared fish feed and purchased food, and vegetables, and fruits. Especially useful for ornamental animals fish oil and carotene.
To replenish the vitamin balance, you can add a few drops of lemon juice or rosehip broth to your drink. For home rabbits to get the necessary vitamins, feed them with vegetables, salads and fresh grass. Try to diversify the menu whenever possible, but do not overdo it.
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