In the world, the largest breeds of rabbits reach 20-25 kg. The growth of the animal depends not only on the selected species, but also on the conditions of detention, feeding and care. Animals often get sick, so timely prevention of disease also affects the overall growth of rabbits and males. Often large individuals are crosses - hybrids of several species. Ushastik giants are not only pride for the rabbit breeder, but also the wealth of the Guinness Book of Records.
Gray and White Giants
For breeding the gray giant, breeders crossed outbred rabbits and Flemings. The resulting individuals are resistant to climatic conditions. The parameters of the animal: the coverage of the chest varies from 35 to 40 cm, the body has a length of up to 65 cm. They have long limbs, elongated head. The ears of the animals are straight and fleshy.
The mass of the largest animal reaches 7 kg. Wool is not very long, medium thickness. Fur color is grayish. A bunny rabbit in one okol gives birth to 6-8 babies. The breed is not whimsical to temperature conditions, it can be kept in small cages.
The Belgian white giant was obtained by scientists by crossing a gray giant with a Soviet chinchilla. The crawl has a snow-white coat, eyes with a red tint. The head of the animal is round, the length of the ears is 12-16 cm.
Often body length varies from 50 to 65 cm. Paws are not short, set wide. Chest circumference is about 38-40 cm. An adult male weighs up to 6-7 kg. The fur of the representatives of the breed is thick, has a dense undercoat.
The female gives birth to one to six babies. For rabbits, you need special care during the carrying of offspring: a spacious cage, proper lighting, the addition of vitamins to food, a warm room. Rabbit breeders usually breed white giants for their skins.
All the details in the article "Breed rabbits white giant."
The breed of Californian rabbits was obtained by crossing three European species (Russian ermine, white New Zealand and Soviet chinchilla). Adult animals have a small head and short body. Ears of medium length, vertically arranged. On the nose is pronounced hump.
If you look at the pet's eyes, they have a red tint. Californians have a wide and rounded croup. The muscles of the individuals are well developed, the skeleton is light and thin. The variety has medium length front and hind legs.
The hair of the representatives of the breed is white, thick and not long. Black painted tail, paws, nose and ears. The average weight of the crawl varies from 4 to 6 kg. Young animals gain weight in the first 5 months of life. The female gives birth to no more than 7-8 babies. Individuals are resistant to high and low temperatures.
In the article "About California Rabbits" you will find even more information.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Soviet chinchilla
The Soviet chinchilla belongs to the large rabbit breeds. Individuals were bred at the beginning of the 20th century. After crossing them with white giants, the weight of the animals increased by 40-50%.
Rabbits have a massive build, slightly elongated and strong body (up to 60 cm). Animals have a strong sternum, its half-grip is 19 cm.
The average animal weight is 5 kg. A large male can weigh a maximum of 6-7 kg. Excellent growth rate shows young individuals. For the first 2 months of life, they gain about 2-3 kg. The breed is not very picky, chinchilla rabbits for normal life sufficiently balanced feed, cleanliness in the cages, access to clean water.
The advantages of the Soviet chinchilla:
- high-quality wool (hair twice as high as that of other species);
- one of the largest individuals (carcasses weighing 5-7 kg are very fleshy);
- by nature, friendly, calm;
- undemanding to conditions of detention.
The breed also has disadvantages: a small amount of offspring (for one litter, the female gives birth on average 5-7 rabbits), insufficient slaughter yield (5-10% less than in other large breeds). Nevertheless, farmers still bred the Soviet chinchilla, because it has excellent expensive wool.
Read the article "Chinchilla Rabbits" to learn all about them.
Characteristic of the Soviet marder
These rabbits are often brown in color with two shades: light and dark. The body is much lighter than the ears, legs, tail and head. Newborn individuals have a mousy color, which is also very dark, and after 5-8 weeks their color becomes brown.
About what color will be in adult animals can be judged after 5-6 months of life of rabbits. Young stock has a dense body constitution, proportionate build. The length of the body is 50-55 cm.
In the Russian Federation, the rabbit breeding bred Soviet mardera only in the south of the country, since this breed is very thermophilic. After all, it was withdrawn in Armenia.
The dignity of the form - elastic, resilient, thick, shiny and soft wool. Slaughter carcass yield is about 60-65%. The resulting skins are not painted by farmers, but sold as valuable natural fur. The main advantage of the breed is considered resistance to infectious pathologies.
Large domestic rabbits
Some large breeds of rabbits are kept at home - in cages or a furnished barn. To keep animals cold, pour sawdust or straw on the floor. Apartment individuals can learn to go to the toilet in a special tray.
The biggest rabbits that people grow at home:
- English breed butterfly;
- vanishing blue;
- English ermine;
Initially, the butterfly was a decorative look, then the scientists decided to cross the rabbits with a Viennese blue rabbit and flanders. The hybrids were grown by farmers only to produce beautiful skins. The females are very prolific. Body weight is 4-5 kg.
Viennese blue rabbit reaches a weight of 4.5-5 kg. The female gives birth at one time from 8-9 babies. The look is very valuable because of the soft and delicate skin. The animals live well at home, do not make noise, are not at all aggressive.
The English ermine has a thick white fur. On average, an adult rabbit weighs about 3-4 kg. It has an arcuate back, rounded head. Ears upright. The largest rabbit can carry about 8-10 babies. The view is valuable, first of all, because of the beautiful coat color.
In order for an ermine's fur to be well-groomed and attractive, the rabbits need to be bathed with Stepashka or Khryusha shampoo, which are sold in pet shops.
A characteristic difference of Rex from other breeds is the underdevelopment of the whiskers. Often rabbits are born chestnut or brown. Although it is not a gigantic species, body weight is often 5-6 kg. Animals are very affectionate and playful, so children love them very much.
Guinness Book of Records
The largest breeds of rabbits deservedly hit the Guinness Book of Records - the Belgian giant (flandre) and the continental giant (conti).
Almost all the rabbits in the Book of Records were raised by the Englishwoman Edwards Annette. The first record-holder was Roberto, after him two Belgian giants Ralph and Darius received incredible glory.
To date, in the book of world records topped the list of giant rabbits animal from Britain nicknamed Darius. When he was 12 months old, his body weight was equal to the weight of a three-year-old child - more than 22 kg. The length of the pet is 1 m 30 cm.
Flandre - the favorite of farmers
For the first time about the fluffy "Belgians" information appeared about 500 years ago. Their story began in Belgium in a small provincial town. The animals belong to the meat-wool category. In one year of life, their weight reaches from 8 to 10 kg, and the body length is 80-90 cm. If the breeder notices that the animal is less than 65-70 cm in length, then this is considered a defect of the species.
The largest breed of rabbits in the world has hind legs that are much longer and larger than the front ones. Flandry differ overall and heavy head. The length of the ears in rabbits reaches 20 cm. Males and bunnies have a wide and straight spine, they have a fairly strong skeleton. The tail of the individuals is slightly raised up, hard, the length is average.
The height of hairs varies from 3 to 5 cm. The hair is silky and thick. In a newborn rabbit, it may be of the following color: white, coffee, black, gray, blue, taupe, kangaroo.
The animals are very calm, prefer to watch what is happening, quickly get used to people. Some breeders believe that the Belgian giants are very friendly and that even small children can play with them.
Fluffy contti - the weight of an adult individual is from 15 to 20 kg
Conti is popular among other breeds for its champion performance. With proper animal care, it can weigh from 15 to 20 kg. Body length varies from 65 to 90 cm. Individuals have large ears, powerful and dense bones. The fur of the animal is silky to the touch, can reach a length of 4-5 cm throughout life.
The continental giant can have one of seven colors.
Deer. The individual itself is colored reddish, the belly has beige or white fur, the undercoat is often of a light shade.
Red agouti. Rabbits are painted chestnut-red, their undercoat is a dirty blue. The belly and tail of cream-colored animals.
Agouti. This is one of the most common colors. Rabbits have chestnut hair, dark gray undercoat, and orange in the middle. In males, a white belly, lower part of the tail and ears have black rims.
Opal. The upper coat of the rabbit is pale blue, the undercoat is dark. Painted in beige color is the belly, tail and eyes. The ears of animals with dark blue edging.
Dark steel. Rabbits have a dark gray color, brown eyes.
Light steel. Fur specimens poured from gray-blue to gray.
The black. Animals with monochromatic black hair have a light brown shade of eyes.
The life span of individuals is 4-9 years. Being the largest breed of rabbits, the conti is not picky at the same time, get along well with people. Scientists have noted that the rabbit is very calm and intelligent. They can easily teach the simplest teams.
Put huskies, if the study of rabbits of different breeds for you is important.
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