Layers today are widely practiced by beekeepers of our country and not only. With their help, you can quickly increase the number of bee colonies, and, accordingly, the productivity of the apiary. What other functions do they perform? How to make otvodok bees in the spring? Read about this and many other things further in the article and watch the training videos.
Features bee otvodkov
Abduction is the process of working on restoring very weak and creating new and promising families, as well as a method of preventing swarming. Layers can be done either in spring or in autumn, after the main revision. After all, it is after conducting a family inspection or audit that it becomes clear which family is worth working on and what needs to be done so that the apiary is considered complete. Creating them is easy, the main thing is to know what to do and how. Often they are formed with the help of spare fetal females, which remain after the correction of barren families.
By the way, we can say that the period of swarming in the apiary is the most disadvantageous. Beekeepers are trying to fight him, who knows how. So, basically two methods are applied. The first is a methodical breakage of queen cells and pans. The second is a periodic discharge from the oversupply of brood and young bees, which is carried out in strong families or the creation of cuttings. Now a little about each method, in addition a small thematic video from the beekeeper Andrei Yakimov.
The first method is considered the most disadvantageous and is often used by inexperienced beekeepers. Holding the pans and queen cells in bees leads to the fact that they continue to build new ones, that is, swarming is delayed. Well, while creating the layering, strong families unload and they don’t have a desire to dig, and if the swarming did occur, it goes very bistro. Therefore, the second method is considered the most effective.
We work in the spring
The creation of layers in the spring has three main objectives. The first is to ensure active and timely growth of families. The second is an effective method for preventing natural swarming. The third is almost the most important. She pursues an active buildup of workers to the beginning of the main bribe period. It is also necessary to mention that they distinguish between early and late spring layers.
In the spring, the formation of early layers begins when overwintering families have already made 5-7 frames of brood. Then you can start working on the bees. Works are carried out only on a warm day from 11 to 14 hours. From such strong families, 1-2 frames are selected with mature brood. Along with the framework, the worker bees drying it off are also taken. The main thing is not to take the uterus from the family. Then the frames together with the bees are placed in portable boxes. Next, a short video about this process.
Thus, in the box you need to collect about 6 frames. Then we shift the bees and frames from the portable box to the hive prepared for cuttings. It is necessary to lay in the middle of the hive, since water and food will then be placed on the sides. But working individuals for the full care of the brood will be small, so you need to do the following. From strong families we take another 2-3 frames and shake off non-flying bees from them into the hive. Now we put a frame with water on one side, and on the opposite side - a frame with 3-4 kg of good honey.
And the first and second frame set heated to a temperature of from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius. Further, the hive is insulated and closed. On the second day, when all the flight bees will fly from the hive into it, the fetal uterus will be placed in the cell. 2-3 weeks after the honey collection, the strength of such a family will be quite large and it will be possible to form new cuttings from it. Also when carrying out such works it is necessary to observe several basic rules.
Rule one - brood and non-flying bees are taken only from healthy and strong families. Rule two - the families from which the cuts were taken are replenished with frames with dry land, and in dry weather - frames with artificial wax.
Late spring layers are formed the same way as early ones. The difference lies in the fact that the early ones are formed on the spare queen bees, which successfully survived the winter. Late are made on young fetal uterus. The rest of the process is identical with the early spring formation. Additionally, we say that the young uterus is released from the cell only on the second day. In this case, the lower cage flap opens, and the bore hole is sealed with a thin layer of wax.
The wax plate in several places is gently pierced with a needle. Thus, clearing the wax, the bees themselves will release the uterus and will willingly accept it, since it has already been saturated enough with their smell. On this formation of layers in the spring can be considered complete. You can see more in more detail in the videos provided in the article.