Decorative colored dwarf rabbit today is one of the most popular domestic animals. Among the advantages of the breed can be identified attractive appearance, good-natured nature, playfulness and a small length of the pile. But before you start such a little rabbit, you should carefully study all the characteristics of the breed, get acquainted with the rules of care and maintenance. We will consider all these questions in this article.
The history of the breed
Colored dwarf rabbit is an achievement of the work of breeders from the Netherlands. The exact date of breeding the breed line is unknown, the event dates back to 1920-1930 years. It is known that at the heart of the breed are two lines - wild rabbits and Polish red-eyed.
Initially, dwarf rabbits had a single color - gray, inherited from wild ancestors. Further selective work helped bring out a variety that has a black coat. More than 20 years were spent on improving the breed, but this very moment became a turning point. Then it became possible to breed multicolored rabbits dwarf.
At the moment there are 20 main colors included in the breed standard. But taking into account mixing, new and new colors are obtained. Today there are already about 60.
Colored rabbits are popular all over the world. The main advantages of dwarf cotton grass are their simplicity to the conditions of detention and good temper.
Color dwarf description
The short-haired dwarf rabbit is ideally adapted for keeping at home. The first thing that catches the eye when looking at this representative of the rabbit family is the round shape of the body, which makes it look like a ball.
Breed standards of a color dwarf rabbit:
- the weight of an adult dwarf according to the European standard ranges from 1100 to 1250 g (the upper bound of body weight is 1500 g);
- torso strong, wide, rounded;
- limbs short
- the ears are small, short, always standing;
- the tail is short, fluffy, tightly pressed to the body;
- head is large, rounded;
- the fur is dense, soft, very thick.
It is thanks to the harmonious physique and thick coat of color dwarf becomes more like a plush toy than a living creature.
As already stated above, the variety of colors of dwarf rabbits is very large. But one of the most popular and popular colors today is from - with a white fur coat and a black border around the eyes. Spots have the correct shape of a circle, without projections and irregularities.
Other popular colors of the colored dwarf rabbit include chocolate, black fire, blue, silver, Japanese, luxury, Siamese, squirrel, Havana, marder, chinchilla, Russian, Ren and others.
But white dwarf rabbits - a rare phenomenon, therefore, especially valued livestock breeders. Breeders spend a lot of time and effort until they manage to bring a snow-white individual. Despite these difficulties, white dwarf rabbits can appear when mating randomly, as a result of spontaneous mutation of the gene responsible for coloring.
The brightest and most unusual coloring of a miniature eared fur coat is red satin.
Dwarf rabbits attract not only appearance, but also friendliness. Fluffies in record time get used to the owners, quickly remember their own name. Such a cute little animal just does not want to keep continuously in the cage, so many owners prefer the pet for a long time to walk around the house. The toilet problem is easily solved - it is no more difficult to accustom a colored miniature rabbit to a tray than a kitten.
Rabbits are very playful and enjoy participating in fun with children. Thanks to the high intelligence, ears can even be trained at home.
Simple commands such as greeting the host and jumping over obstacles, dwarf rabbits perform easily and with pleasure.
We must not forget that rabbits are fearful animals. Especially attentive you need to be to the pet during his training to the new place of residence. But when the fluff gets comfortable and feels safe, there will be no trace of his caution.
The rabbit's tiny size does not mean that it cannot hurt. But colored dwarfs show aggression only when they feel danger or pain. Another factor negatively affecting the behavior of a pet is periods of sexual activity. At this time, the dwarf may be more sensitive to external stimuli. Therefore, if breeding of the breed is not planned, it is better to eize the eared fish.
The activity of the rabbit increases with the sunset, at night he eats more, he can run and play. This must be taken into account before you buy yourself an unusual pet. It is desirable that there was an opportunity to put the rabbit on the night in a separate room, this will be the key to a quiet sleep of all households. Noisy behavior is one of the drawbacks.
Having bought a special leash with a soft harness, you can take the rabbit to walk in the park or in the yard. Ushastik will walk with pleasure in the fresh air, gnaw grass and twigs, dig mink. For the safety of fluffy, do not leave it unattended - dogs, cats and birds of prey can see their prey in it.
The need for walks can be attributed to both pluses and minuses of the breed. It all depends on your lifestyle.
More about the conditions of detention
Cage dwarf rabbit necessarily need. Even at that moment when he is already well accustomed to your home and will unmistakably visit the tray. The house will act as a safe haven and will become an additional factor of comfort.
Requirements for the cage - its size should be 5 times the size of the rabbit. If there are several animals in one cage at once, then at 6-7 per individual. The rods are metal, without varnish or paint. Have a house in a place protected from direct sunlight and drafts.
The bottom of the cage is necessarily carpeted with natural material having good hygroscopic characteristics. For example, hay, straw or sawdust. Synthetic materials will have a negative impact on health, first of all, the risk of development of a poddermatitis increases.
The litter should be changed as it gets dirty, but at least once a day. Every 7 days, the rabbit's cage must be cleaned and treated with antiseptic agents.
The ambient temperature also plays an important role for the health and comfort of the dwarf rabbit. Optimum temperature conditions + 18 + 19 degrees. But already at +25 the animal suffers from overheating. You can help your little one by placing a bottle or a hot water bottle with ice near his house.
What to feed
In nutrition, this crumb is very modest. The basis of the diet consists of hay, ready-made cereal mixtures and drinking water. Fresh vegetables and fruits such as carrots, apples, cabbage, beets, lettuce and fresh greens are used as top dressing.
In the warm season, when you can independently collect weed rabbit, you should not forget about the vulnerability of its digestive system. Therefore, green feed introduced very carefully. Preference should be given to young leaves of burdock, clover, dandelion, cereals, and cinquefoil. Grass can not be torn near major highways and in industrial areas. Greens should be dry and clean - dew or rain can cause bloating, diarrhea, or even the death of a rabbit.
Purchased concentrated feeds should certainly be on the rabbit’s daily menu. They are rich in essential micronutrients and vitamins.
Rodent constantly need to grind teeth. For these purposes, branches of deciduous trees — cherry, birch, willow — are laid in the cage. Especially useful are thin willow twigs, which contain natural antibiotic in their composition.
But to feed the rabbit with food from the table, it is not recommended, his digestive system is simply not adapted to this menu. Undoubtedly, fluffy is happy to enjoy cookies or sweet rolls, but after that he will suffer from stomach pains.
How to take care of pet's health
Rabbits living in an apartment, still need to be vaccinated. Infections and viruses can get to them through the hands and clothes of the owners, from other domestic animals, through the bites of mosquitoes and other insects.
The list of required vaccinations includes vaccines against pasteurellosis, hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis.
In addition to vaccination, it is necessary to monitor the general condition of the eared ear. Prolonged diarrhea or constipation may be signs of a disorder in the digestive system or indicate a more serious illness. The sooner you pay attention to the deterioration of the rabbit's well-being, the faster and easier it will be possible to fix the problem.
It is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the ears of the rabbit - a surplus of sulfur, abundant discharge and scabs are symptoms of ear ailments.
In general, colored miniature fluffs have a strong natural immunity. In order for a pet to be healthy, it is enough to do all the necessary vaccinations and control the quality of its diet.
With all the rules of care and maintenance, dwarf rabbits live - 6-9 years, and real centenarians can please the owners for 12-15 years.
Taking into account the efforts and costs of maintenance, care and feeding, we conclude: a dwarf colored rabbit will cost dearly.
How to choose
Purchase of colored dwarf breed rabbits has some difficulties. For example, it is very easy to confuse them with cubs of larger rabbits. If you succumb to emotions and buy a representative of a dwarf ruler from the first seller, in a couple of months you will get an animal of impressive size. To avoid this, the seller of pedigree dwarf rabbits should be chosen very deliberately.
Signs of a good seller:
- rabbits of the color dwarf breed are sold by a reputable nursery, which is staffed by graduates;
- the buyer is allowed to look at the living conditions and raising eared animals;
- Rabbits kept in spacious, clean enclosures look healthy and active;
- the seller can provide a pet veterinary passport, which will contain his pedigree;
- each animal has its own medical record, which displays a schedule of vaccinations.
Usually, buying a rabbit, the buyer can rely on the advice of professionals. Their answers to questions relating to the rules of maintenance and care and a fluffy pet will help avoid many common mistakes.
Be sure to look at the rabbit you like. The fur should be uniform, clean and shiny. Eyes, ears and nose - clean. Ears must look healthy, actively move, be interested in what is happening around.
How to determine the sex
Only experienced breeders can determine the sex of a dwarf colored pet rabbit under the age of 3 months. In the nurseries of animals inspect the veterinarians, who make certain marks in the map of the rabbit.
Buying yourself a furry friend in the market or store, you can not be sure of the competence of the seller. But knowing some tricks, you can easily distinguish the boy from the girl.
At the age of 3 months, some hormonal changes begin to occur in the eared organism. And it is during this period that the males descend the testicles, so it is easy to identify them.
At a younger age, the genitalia of rabbits should be considered. To do this, turn the rabbit on its back, pull back the tail and gently squeeze the sexual organ with two fingers. You see a pink triangle - in front of you is a girl, a pointed penis is a boy.
Another trick that will help determine the sex of the animal. The female's genitals are located closer to the anus than the genitals of the male.
Continue to study the topic, reading the article "On the decorative breeds of rabbits."
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