Bees in nature live in forests, hollows, crevices of trees. And this is not surprising, because a living tree has several advantages. The walls of the bee house do not allow temperature changes to affect the internal climate. And besides this, inside the nest there is access to fresh air, which allows the bees to develop well and transform nectar into honey. Experienced beekeepers try to create conditions for bee families that are as close as possible to natural ones, and maintain them not only in hives, but also in decks. Thus, the well beekeeping does not lose interest in modern beekeepers.
Beekeeping in Decks: Past Experience
Breeding and caring for bees that live in decks is considered to be the next home beekeeping type after beekeeping. There are no special differences in the action of the deck from the board. But by the type of construction, they differ in the available top cover, which is used to close the upper entrance of the deck. What is the construction of such an unusual "hive", let's understand together.
Cold hives began to be used in the 14-15 century. Such an apiary was placed on the platform, where 5-6 hives were fastened on two adjacent trees. Unhurriedly, beekeepers moved the hive closer to the dwelling, as well as to the gardens and fields. Wood for the manufacture of decks was selected from the blind pines of the age of the century, completely healthy, but with an emptiness inside. The tree was sawed on 2-meter roundels. What happened next, we propose to turn to history.
By the 17th century, all branches of the economy developed, a large number of huge industrial enterprises were built, the navy and cities grew. However, all this required a lot of wood. So, in connection with deforestation, well beekeeping fell into decay. Bortniki, in order to save the hollows and sides from destruction, decided to locate them near their homes.
Beekeepers found trees with hollows in order to increase their farms with bees. Then they cut the trees into a couple of ridges and cleaned up several tiers of crosses so that the honeycombs could be supported. A deck made in this way could be placed on a tree. The decks were tied with the help of ropes to the trees, but this was not so easy to do, because the decks were put on the ground, not far from each other.
Decks in the 19th century
By the way, small forest glades served as places for placing such decks, and trees were planted around them. Therefore, such a place was called "pasek", and soon this word was replaced by the habitual for us - "apiary".
So, if earlier the bee-based content was transferred from father to son, now it has become available to everyone. A beekeeper could buy or bring bees, place them near the house and engage in beekeeping onboard. Accordingly, there was an impetus to organize large industrial apiaries.
Over the years, the decks have been refined and over time began to use frames. However, well beekeeping and today remains relevant. We invite you to watch the video and learn a little more about what beekeeping with decks is.
And how do bees live in decks?
The content in the deck has a lot of advantages. Many do not want to change the modern hive to old-fashioned decks, and, of course, in vain. Living in the deck, the bee family develops in the same way as in natural conditions. In addition, the bees are able to heal themselves if they suddenly fall ill.
Honey "bees" bees are placed in natural honeycombs, which themselves also delay. Therefore, well beekeeping is considered the most suitable for them. It is worth noting that the honeycomb, which is used for frames, is manufactured industrially, and contains chemical additives that get into honey. And since the microclimate and temperature in the hive is quite high, the concentration of these impurities will be palpable.
Bees living in beehives are constantly sick and need to be treated. Honey from the evidence is taken several times a season, even before the bees go to hibernate. This reason provokes mass diseases and subsides, which indicates a weak immunity of the bee family.
It is worth noting the fact that the frequency of swarming of bees in decks is less than in hives, and this is due to the volume of the deck, which is 3 times more than the hive volume. From this it follows that the bees living in the first construction barely get sick, the honey is environmentally friendly and more healing than the bee product from the hive, and swarming is rarely observed. In this video, we suggest that you watch the bee family while you work.
Features of modern boring
Side beekeeping is one of the initial types of beekeeping. Bortnicking or forest beekeeping was not only a source of good income, but also helped to keep forests intact. Many beekeepers increased the number of hollows, at the same time making and improving the boards with his own hands. In the modern world, it is difficult to find places where beekeeping is being used, because it has been replaced by a hive and an apiary.
Moreover, practice shows that modern beekeepers have achieved considerable success in growing strong and healthy bee colonies. Yes, and modern designs improved hives are the most advanced. Then you can see a video about the features of the onboard beekeeping.
In the next video, an expert shows how to make the right board.
Deck of the 21st century
The deck is a modern board that can be moved if necessary. For this, carrying handles can be arranged on the sides of the structure. For a very long time, well beekeeping was on an equal footing with the beekeeping, but in the end the deck began to prevail over the edge and practically supplanted this species.
Modern decks are not made from a single piece of wood. Often these are prefabricated structures that are assembled and installed in the right place. But there are, of course, conservatives who continue to conduct beekeeping in natural, natural living trees. An interesting video about the types of beekeeping, see below.