The maximum amount of nutrients, fiber, vitamins, minerals should be part of the compound feed for rabbits. Under natural habitat, an eared animal eats a lot of fresh grass, cereals, and vegetables. Successful rabbit breeding involves providing the most important beneficial components of pets throughout the year. This will help to make the combined mixture, nutrition which is the key to health, rapid growth and development of animals.
What is a combined feed
The combination of various natural beneficial rabbit ingredients determines the contents of the combined feed. Such a diet is of particular value in the absence of free access to fresh vegetation. When feeding animals in the cold season to use animal feed is most justified and relevant for the rabbit breeders and their wards.
In terms of industrial content, various menus are drawn up for feeding the animals, depending on the objectives of the rabbit breeding. Natural ingredients are mixed in certain proportions, so the recipe for combined feed also has its variations.
In rabbit farms, when growing for meat or fur, rabbits are given cereal mixtures, the recipes of which are carefully designed to meet the needs of their body and production goals. There are different types of combined feed. Some of them are universal and suitable for all, others are used for a specific fattening. The composition of recipes for young animals, adults or pregnant women, nursing rabbits differs.
Rabbit feeds prepared with regard to the breed and age will provide health, quick weight gain and the development of eared animals.
On the types and composition of rabbit feed
Complete ration feed that does not require the introduction of additional nutritional components, fully satisfies the nutritional needs of eared animals. The basis of nutrition eared animals are various herbs, so they are after grinding in the form of flour is added to the feed. At the same time, its amount reaches up to 40% of the entire feed mixture, along with 35-45% of ground grain components. The most useful rabbit organisms are such cultures as oats, barley and corn.
On the bran, meal, cake, meat and bone, fish meal, fodder yeast accounts for the rest of the composition of the combined mixtures. In addition, for their preparation used vitamin and mineral supplements. Of particular importance is calcium and phosphorus, since these elements are involved in the formation and strengthening of the skeleton.
Combined feeds are available in loose form, granules. The first are used most often in the composition of mash, which with great pleasure eat rabbits.
Granulated feeds are the most popular because they are easy to store. The rabbit eats such mixtures with a big appetite, eating them almost completely without any waste. A kind of granules are extruded feed, in the preparation of which is used thermal and mechanical processing.
Benefits of feeding rabbits with combined feed
Dry feeding has a number of advantages that facilitate industrial breeding of rabbit stock. First, it is easy to calculate the norms of feeding each animal per day and stick to them. Avoiding overfeeding rabbits, using a combination of a full-fledged diet, you can provide their body with all necessary.
In addition, this diet provides the following benefits for rabbit breeders:
- the feeding process is greatly simplified;
- less time is being spent servicing animals, since it is not necessary to think about whether it is possible to give rabbits some kind of feed;
- simple calculation of the daily rate;
- fast weight gain and full development of animals is provided;
- there is no need to harvest large amounts of feed in the private sector;
- dry feed well kept, do not grow moldy and do not spoil;
- Such a diet prevents the development of a number of infectious diseases.
In addition to these obvious advantages, combined feed can significantly save material and physical resources. Such food is better eaten, so maintaining the sanitary state of cells at a high level is quite simple. On the other hand, feeding rabbits with dry mixes is not recommended. It should periodically enrich the diet with juicy herbs.
In the wild, herbal food is the most useful and natural food for rabbits. The use of plants for the preparation of combined rabbit feed mixtures significantly reduces the cost of feeding the animals because of the decrease in the concentration of more expensive ingredients.
Animals, vitamin and mineral mixes
A full rabbit diet must contain vitamins of groups A, D, E, B12. Combined blends that include pickled green grass or silage contain many vitamins from group A.
Vitamins D are filled with branches of conifers, primarily spruce and pine. In the winter season, fodder yeast, salt, chalk, calcium phosphate especially help to solve the problem of deficiency of useful mineral substances.
Animal feeds include whey, buttermilk, cow's milk, meat and bone, fish meal. 10 g of these components per day should be added to the feed. At the same time the daily rate of meat, meat and bone meal and fish meal is 1-2% of the total feed mixtures. They are necessarily part of the complete feed.
To ensure good nutrition and healthy development of ears, the dairy component in the compound feed for rabbits is necessary. Nursing rabbits and small rabbits should receive whole milk, the norm - 5 g per day.
Granulated rabbit food
The production of pelleted feed requires the use of food components that are important to the rabbit body. The composition depends on the age, sex, breed and breeding goals (cultivation for meat or fur). In addition, feed for small rabbits, nursing females, adults also have a certain composition.
Balanced nutrition of eared animals ensures their health, rapid development. Many vital substances are found in granules for rabbits, which are excellent for eating these animals, while also grinding their teeth.
This type of complete feeding makes it possible to abandon additional sources. The use of pellets allows you to maintain the purity of feeders, cells, as the amount of feed waste decreases.
The composition of the granulated feed
With basic skills and some equipment, it is possible to make feed for rabbits with your own hands without much material, physical costs and problems. In addition, we must strictly adhere to the recipe, use the appropriate ingredients. The required composition of feed provides a good increase in body weight, rapid development, animal health.
Fiber is vital for the rabbit's body, because it is it that improves digestion, binds the feces of animals, forming balls.
35% of herbal flour in the composition of the granules of the feed provides the required amount of fiber. This component is made of wild meadow, steppe and forest herbs, garden tops, leaves of some bushes and trees. In the process of preparation, the raw materials are thoroughly cleaned, dried, crushed.
In addition, a complete granulated feed should contain 25% ground barley, 20% makuhi, 15% chopped corn, 5% wheat bran. Giving the desired elasticity of the feed mass is through the addition of warm water.
The use of granulated feed for rabbits greatly simplifies their cultivation. For the preparation of such mixtures used crusher, mixer, granulator, extruder.
What is extruded feed
In the operation of feed shops, the most important function is performed by extrusion. This process is based on the simultaneous effect of temperature and pressure on the feed mass for 4-6 seconds. With the release of heated feed due to a sharp drop in pressure, the volume of the feed mixture increases.
Such technological factors trigger a specific reaction, giving a change in the structure of carbon components and fiber. Exposure to high temperatures during granulation sterilizes the combined feed.
The eared animal perfectly eats such food, because extruded rabbit food is easily digested, stimulates appetite, nourishes the body, prevents diseases of the digestive system.
In the industrial cultivation of rabbits, a full-fledged granulated (extruded) feed often serves as the main element of the diet. This speeds up the mass gain by animals, significantly reducing the cost of production.
Making feed pellets independently
If a farmer is aware of how to prepare feed for rabbits, then he can significantly reduce the cost of keeping animals. We will give a few tips that will help determine how to properly and in what proportions to mix the right ingredients (they were mentioned above).
For grinding the components of the feed will need a meat grinder, a mixer. You can use a drill with special nozzles that allow you to process a large number of feed components. To prevent spraying of the mixture, it is necessary to cover the working capacity.
In the manufacture of granulated fodder on an industrial scale will require a dryer for hay, a device for grinding it, a crusher for grain, a granulator, an oil press.
In a household, you can get by with fewer technical devices. The main thing is to chop the components thoroughly until smooth, mix, and then pass through a household meat grinder.
The end product of high quality, which can be fed to animals, is not difficult to obtain with the help of an extruder and a pelletizer. Dried finished product in the form of granules must be stored, constantly monitoring its quality. For this perfect room with room temperature and good ventilation.
How to feed the rabbits
It is not recommended to feed eared pets only with one compound feed. Even to full-fledged mixes it is necessary to add juicy forage and hay, as the rabbit eats such products perfectly.
In addition, it is necessary to provide constant access to clean water. During the day, the combined mixture should be given in the morning and evening.
How much feed per day is needed, and how often to feed the rabbits, depends on how the animal eats, on its age and condition. Adults need 170 g, while mating - 210 g. Nursing rabbits need 400-600 g, and the young ones eat about 140 g.
In the article “What Grain to Give to the Rabbit,” we describe in detail about this component of the feed.
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