Are you a beginner beekeeper? Do you know what a bee package is and what is it for? Strange as it may sound, but today this concept is found less and less. We know the answer to this question, and we will also tell you how the bees are properly transplanted from the bee package to the hive. You can see this whole process in practice on video.
Pchelopake - what is it and what is it for?
Beginner beekeeper is always asked the same question - where to get the bees? In this case, an experienced and experienced owner will always advise you to buy either a swarm, a family, or a bee package. If everything is clear with the swarm, then what is a bee package and how does it differ from the family?
So, a bee package is a certain number of insects that are formed from special families for sale.
To do this, a small part of the combs and feed is taken from the hive, the necessary number of insects are selected and placed in a special box. In order to maintain their health and strength, they are provided with good food. All bee packages are made to order, and the beekeeper himself can pre-come, inspect families, take away food. They are needed not only for beginners, but also for experienced owners to expand their apiaries.
Features and differences from the family
A bee is a small but full-fledged family that contains at least 3 kilograms of feed, two or more frames with printed brood and about 1.2-1.5 kilograms of bees themselves. Flying individuals rarely fall into such a family, most often the packages are formed from young intra-stalk individuals. There must be a full-fledged uterine fetus not older than two years. For transportation, bee packages are placed in a special hive box, which is made of plywood, chipboard or corrugated cardboard. All packages differ in the number of brood, as well as cellular and non-cellular.
If in fact a full family can be purchased at any time of the year, then a bee package is only available in spring.
Today it is the most common type of bee package, which has its own characteristics and advantages. Its quality is controlled by GOST, and the equipment is coordinated with the customer. As a rule, such packages have 4 or 6 standard Dadan-Blatt frames (size 435x300 mm). Completion at the request of the buyer may be of two frames with brood and two fodder. But most often they use a standard - 3 frames with brood and 1 with feed. Sometimes they also send 4 frames with brood, but in this case it is necessary that the distance of the shipment be quite small.
Another type of package, the quality of which also regulates GOST. Unlike the cellular one, it consists of one fetal uterus, placed in a cell, feeders with syrup or candi, drinkers and the bees themselves. Workers should be according to GOST not less than 1.2 kilograms, but deviations of 100-200 grams are permissible. The advantage of this type of bee package is that it is suitable for any piece of evidence. And, as practice shows, less disease is transmitted in it.
How to transplant bees in the hive?
So, you bought a bee and already delivered a package to your apiary. What to do next? Now our winged friends need to be transplanted from the box into a full-fledged hive. You must first prepare your apiary for the arrival of new inhabitants and do all the necessary work. It is necessary to pick up the hive clean and dry. It is set at the right place.
We also prepare in advance a drinking bowl with water, a framework with waxed and dried. Immediately after the arrival of the winged workers you need to feed them with sugar syrup, which replenishes the moisture and the strength of insects. From the bottom of the box you also need to remove the sub-frame and, if possible, carry out its full analysis. Bees can be sick, even if the seller has provided all veterinary documents and certificates. Well, finally it remains to transplant insects into a prepared hive.
Replant insects is best in the late afternoon, if it's hot outside. To do this, put the bee package in place of the hive or in front of it. The tapes should look one way, as shown in the video. Now we need to open the mailbox of the box so that the bees can fly around. Only now the package can be removed by transferring all the frames from it to the hive. Be sure to keep the same order of the framework in the hive as in the transport box.
If there are many bees left at the bottom of the box, they should be gently swept away onto the frames, as shown in the video. If the uterus was in the cell, then it releases then, as all insects calm down. Also, transplantation can be done without flyby, if there are very important reasons. In this case, the bee package is put off the open evidence, the notch is narrowed down to 2-3 individuals and the frames are quickly transferred in the same manner. But in this case, it is likely that insects will wander around the apiary for a long time in search of their hive.
If you ordered bees in a bezostovy package, then you will need to prepare the honeycomb in advance yourself. To do this, 1.2 kilograms of insects will need 4 standard frames of Dadan-Blatt. But since in this case the bees can be planted in any hive, their number may vary. From the configuration of the hive, you can choose 2 frames of feed, 1-2 with honey in the center and 1-2 with dry in the center. This will give a good opportunity for the uterus to start laying, but you can also set a framework with a wrinkle.
After arriving at the apiary, you need to put the package in a cool place for a while and let the insects get into a ball. Immediately need to determine where the uterus. If it is in a cell, then we will place it in the multi-body hive between the frames with honey and honeycombs in the first building, and the package itself is placed on top. When transplanting into a lounger, we fix the cell with the uterus between the combs, and shake the bees to the bottom of the clue.
You can, of course, just put the package in the hive by opening the lid of the box. Bees will still go for the uterus. But we release it from the cell in both cases only in a day. To do this, open the cell and glue the hole with a wrinkle and holes. Bees themselves will have to release their "queen". How it is done in practice, look at the video.
In the photo you can understand in more detail what bee packs are and see how they look.Cardboard package for bees Bee packages in the apiary Ready packages for shipment