Ameraukana - an interesting breed of chickens, which is also called Easter. Why did this feathered inhabitant of the bird yard get such an unusual name? It's very simple: the chicken rushes colored eggs, which fit to the holiday table right without painting! Ameraukana may well be contained in a personal compound, and her colored laying will please the farmer with an enviable frequency.
Despite its attractive appearance, this chicken has good productive qualities. Therefore, it belongs to the decorative breeds of meat and egg direction. Ameraukana is a bird with a pronounced character and high vitality, so do not be afraid to take it for breeding to your site. She adapts well, does not require special conditions of detention and every day will attract views.
History of origin
Easter chicken ameraukana was obtained in the United States. Her ancestor is a resident of South America consonant in name - araukana chicken, which was crossed with local chickens. The idea of such a crossing first came to the Americans in 1967. At that time, the World Fair was held on the territory of Montreal, where the aforementioned araucana chicken, capable of carrying colored eggs, was presented. This quality impressed the audience so much that the American scientists decided their variation of the araucana - the American araucana or "ameraukan".
The breed was recognized by the American Poultry Association and received its standard only 20 years after the start of breeding - in 1984.
Ameraukana is a beautiful medium-sized chicken with smooth, dense plumage and well-developed wings, enabling this bird to fly well. Immediately striking is the decoration of the head of this bird - the presence of a peculiar beard and whiskers of feathers, inherited from its progenitor araucana.
Of course, the most significant feature of the breed, for which it is very much appreciated and called the Easter chicken, is the color of its clutch. Ameraukana Easter chicken is capable of producing both eggs of the usual brown color and light blue, green, olive and pink shades.
The color of the plumage in this poultry is also a lot. At the moment, eight basic colors of the breed are included in the American standard, namely:
- the black;
- wheat blue;
- dark yellow.
There are other variations of the color of this poultry. Very rare and valuable is the lavender-colored hen bred by the works of selection.
Some more characteristics of this breed:
- on the small head there are expressive large eyes of red-brown color;
- crest of small size, pea-shaped. In its middle is somewhat higher than at the base of the beak and at the back of the head;
- earlobes are small, oval in shape, have a richer red color in roosters than in chickens;
- beak small, but strong, slightly curved;
- legs are of medium length, non-feathered, set wide apart. May be blue, gray or white, depending on the plumage;
- tail of medium length, delivered to the body at angles of 45 degrees. In males has a sickle shape.
Excellent external data does not prevent this chicken from bringing up to 250 eggs a year weighing 60-65 grams, which is an excellent indicator of productivity. Amerauacan tease usually starts in 5-6 months, and delights its owner with colored masonry for 2 years. An interesting feature regarding the color of the shell is that the same chicken can carry eggs of both olive and pink colors.
Igor Pavlov from Balakovo will tell you in his video how this hen is rushing in the winter.
In the process of breeding, the breed has lost the ability to incubate. Therefore, for breeding chicks breeder will need an incubator.
As for meat productivity, the breed does not lose ground here either. Ameraukana quickly gains weight: the cockerel is able to gain weight of 3.5 kg, and the chicken - 2.5 kg. The meat of this breed is white in color and has a peculiar taste, reminiscent of quail. In addition to the ameraukany standard size, there is also a dwarf subspecies, which is called the bentham. The dwarf species of ameraukany - bentham - weighs almost three times less: the males reach only 950 grams, while the chickens have a mass of 800 grams.
Features of the content in the private sector
The content of Easter chicken is undemanding. Due to its small size, placing of birds does not require a lot of space, and its dense plumage allows the chicken to tolerate frost well. An individual approach to feeding this breed is also not required, but it must be balanced. There are some requirements for water in search of a bird. It must be clean, defended or filtered: it is better not to use water just poured from the tap.
What kind of water do you pour to the hens for drinking?Poll
- From the tap
- Separated or filtered
It is imperative to provide a place for walking for chickens: the bird adapts well to any climate and therefore it can be safely taken for walks without fear of disease. And the breed has a good immunity: it has no inclination to hurt at all. The viability of young birds is very high, but the brood is the strongest, obtained from February to March.
According to the owners, this homemade chicken has a calm disposition, but occasionally the aggressiveness of roosters to other breeds and even to humans can be observed. In this case, ameraukan worth otsadit in a fenced enclosure.