Choosing food for rabbits, or composing their diet, you need to consider several aspects - balance, nutrition and proportionality. You should also remember that the animals need a certain amount of vitamins per day. It is also important to take into account the preferences of the Ears. And finally, the main thing is the goal, because the menu can be different for individuals going for meat and skins, or for ordinary pets. You will learn about all this and much more by reading the article.
Preferences and useful properties
Let's take a look at how to feed an ornamental rabbit, based on his preferences. To begin with, this animal feeds constantly and requires regular access to food and clean water. Vegetables and fruits, rather, additional elements in the diet, but hay and fresh grass - the main source of essential fiber.
What rabbits love is plantain, dandelion and clover. But do not exclude mixed feed consisting of solid products: pearl barley, oatmeal, wheat, barley. Food suitable for grinding teeth is willow, apple, pear, ashberry, willow, alder or aspen branches.
Some vegetables, such as turnips, carrots, beets, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, peas, beans, parsley - this is what you can feed domestic rabbits. But lettuce leaves or peeling potatoes are not recommended.
We make a balanced menu
Feeding rabbits at home should be approached carefully, since the digestive system of the animals does not work very well. What kind of food to include in the menu and whether it is possible to give them fruit, we will tell further, and now let's talk about the balance of all components.
Based on the fact that rabbits eat every day, the whole menu can be divided into 4 types of food: coarse, juicy, green and concentrates. Feed the animals can be wild grass, clover, alfalfa, oats, lupine, turnips, turnips, sugar or fodder beet.
To balance the rabbits at home, do not forget about the rough (branch feed). The perfect food for them will be linden, maple, willow. From juicy foods, you can choose watermelon, pumpkin, zucchini.
The table shows the approximate diet of rabbits, including all the above items:
Looking at the table, you will understand how to properly feed the rabbits, based on their condition. During pregnancy, the amount of feed increases, as in the process of feeding a new generation.
Now let's talk about how to feed an ornamental rabbit at home, and whether it is possible to replace with supplements a full feeding. The first thing that is necessary is to distinguish between complete and concentrated.
Full-feed rabbit food is food that does not require any additional additives. All that is needed to maintain the health of the animal, is already included in the composition. When buying, pay attention to the labeling: the packaging will say "PK9 X-X".
Concentrated food for ornamental rabbits is recommended for the combined diet: when the animal eats other products with additives. The packages are labeled "K", they are divided into powder and in the form of granules.
It is better to use granulated feed for rabbits, since its consumption is more profitable, and the animals can grind their teeth about it.
In this section we will explain how to prepare food for rabbits with your own hands. Such food will help save on feeding fluffy friends, but to create it you need to follow the recipe and prepare the equipment for grinding. We will tell you about two popular recipes, but in practice they are much more.
In the first embodiment, we show how to feed the rabbits for a quick weight gain. It is used before putting the animal for slaughter. The composition of feed looks like this:
- 40% herbal flour;
- 20% barley;
- 10% corn;
- 10% wheat;
- 10% sunflower meal;
- 5.5% soybean;
- 2% feed yeast;
- 2.2% meat and bone meal;
- 0.3% salt.
Another good recipe that allows you to effectively feed domestic rabbits, is used for pregnant or lactating females, male inseminators and young animals. You need not worry if the Ears will eat according to this recipe:
- 30% herbal flour;
- 20% barley;
- 20% oats;
- 12.5% wheat;
- 13% sunflower meal;
- 2% fish meal;
- 1% bone meal;
- 1% feed yeast;
- 0.5% salt.
We told you that they eat ornamental rabbits on farms, but these recipes are also suitable for keeping animals as pets.
Giving the animals a lot of hay or the best feed for rabbits, you deprive them of valuable components that contain natural fruits and vegetables. And what exactly can you please fluffy friends, see below.
Vegetables for ornamental rabbits can include carrots, turnips, zucchini, pumpkin, sweet peppers, beets, or squash. Animals love to feast on cucumbers, green peas, tomatoes, corn, Jerusalem artichoke and parsnip. But the need for white cabbage is a myth, it is poorly absorbed.
In the section, what rabbits eat, it is impossible not to mention their favorite fruits. The animals can eat apples, bananas, pineapples, strawberries, strawberries, raspberries and cranberries. It is allowed to give them pears, kiwi, blackberries, sea buckthorn, prunes, gooseberries, currants and grapes. But be careful, because your pet may have individual intolerance.
Replenish vitamin and mineral balance
Next, we will tell you how to feed rabbits in winter. It is because of the lack of vitamins and minerals in the body of animals during the cold season that problems can arise. Even if the animals ate vegetables and fruits, they may lack nutrients.
Now we will tell you what can be given to the rabbit to replenish the vitamin and mineral balance. A good option would be the drug "Chiktonik." His course is for 5 days, which should be repeated monthly. The tool is famous for the fact that it includes about 30 useful components.
Continuing the list of useful vitamin supplements, let's call it "Prodovit", "E-Selen", "Chika and Carly", "Bio-iron" and "Ushastik". All these drugs will help bring the feeding of ornamental rabbits to a new level. You can learn more about this topic from the article "About vitamins for rabbits".
Components affecting the rate of weight gain
Finding out what you can feed an ornamental rabbit, touch the meat direction. In the article "Breeding and fattening rabbits for meat" we told the composition of the diet, how to increase the slaughter weight of rabbit meat and other secrets of animal husbandry.
Recall what to feed and how to make a diet for rabbits to accelerate growth. Vegetables include in the menu carrots, potato tubers, beets and corn. Among the succulent fodder it is recommended to choose a dandelion, nettle, coltsfoot, plantain, wormwood.
You can feed the rabbits for rapid growth of such cereals as wheat, barley and oats. Compound feed, created for weight gain, will be an excellent option. On some farms, animals are given special stimulants, but they should be used with caution.
Features of the menu for nursing females
Since the body spends 2-4 times more nutrients on lactation, the menu for giving birth to females needs to be changed. In the article “What you need to feed the rabbit after a shot”, we talked about the components that are recommended to be included in the diet.
But there is no difference in the change of diet, if you do not understand why the rabbit change it. The fact is that with the birth of a pet rabbit, her body needs up to 700 ke (feed units) rich in protein. It was he who goes with the mother's milk.
How to feed an ornamental rabbit depends on the lactation period:
- 330 cu make up the diet of the rabbit from 1 to 10 day;
- 440 cu. required for feeding rabbits from 11 to 20 day;
- to feed ornamental rabbits from 21 to 30 days, it is necessary to 560 to .e .;
- 700 ke. E. Goes to the food of rabbits from 31 days to the weaning of babies.
Speaking about how to feed the rabbits during lactation, it should be noted that on the day the female needs 16-18 g of digestible protein, for every 100 g of feed. The table shows an approximate version of the diet:
Feeding rabbits during lactation should include components that promote milk release. To this end, it is recommended to add dill, pony or parsley to the menu
Food causing problems
Let's try to figure out how to feed the rabbits, so as not to harm their health. The first group of prohibited products - poisonous herbs and plants. These include the pharmacist Avran, agrostemma, aconite, meadow wintering, calla, hemlock, cycuta, common dope, delphinium, marsh marigold. Also exclude buttercup, spurge, foxglove, meadow shooter, hellebore and celandine.
About how to feed the rabbits with vegetables, we talked above. But tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, red cabbage, radishes, red beet, eggplants and potato tops, it is better to exclude from their diet.
Some breeders feed dried fruit in winter, which is a big mistake. The fact is that to extend the shelf life, they are treated with sulfur. It will not kill animals, but it is better not to risk it.
What can not be fed rabbits at all, so it is an exotic fruit. Completely eliminate from their diet mango, avocado, orange and figs - the body does not absorb them.
Speaking about what feed rabbits, always mention grain crops. However, some do more harm than good. For example, rice, rye, millet and millet should be completely excluded from the diet.
Products requiring caution
Bean cultures are better to feed the animals with great care. It is difficult to find a menu for rabbits at home. For beginner breeders, we say that black and red beans or green peas are not the most wholesome food. It causes gas formation.
Rabbit food such as ready-made cereals or mashed peas is one of the worst menu choices. Especially if you add milk to them or season with sugar.
In the section on how to feed rabbits, we did not mention milk. The fact is that animal protein is beneficial to plant protein, and dairy products contain an animal that is poorly digested.
One more forbidden kind of treats than feeding a dwarf rabbit for sure is impossible - these are sweets. Often they contain dyes, flavor enhancers, fats and yeast, harmful to the body.
In the village, feeding rabbits in winter can cause problems, so some breeders give them feed recommended by other animals. And if the mixture for pigs do not harm, then feed for cattle is completely contraindicated eared.
Food consumption mode
How many times a day to feed rabbits depends on your abilities. If you do not limit the animals, they can consume food non-stop. Such a "diet" is very expensive, so the breeders have developed several techniques that allow you to saturate pets without spending a lot of resources.
How many times a day you need to feed a rabbit depends on the time of year. We give the "winter" option. Breakfast at 8 o'clock, consisting of half hay and concentrated supplements. Lunch, at 12 o'clock, during which the animal eats the root crops put in a day. Dinner, at 17.00, which give the rest of the breakfast products and twigs of trees.
During the "summer" menu, decorative rabbits for breakfast, at 6 am, are given herbs and concentrates. At 15 o'clock they are treated with the remaining grass, and at 19 o'clock for supper they give the remaining products.
When the cold comes
You can keep rabbits in the winter outside if you live in warm areas of the country. But in cold regions, cells are brought into the room, otherwise the animals will fall ill. As for their food, then 60% of the winter menu consists of hay. Also, juniper, spruce or aspen branches are added to it.
Domestic rabbits are very fond of root vegetables, so we advise you to stock up for the winter with carrots, potatoes and beets. Grains, such as wheat, barley, and corn, will do as well. Beans are advised to be careful, but if necessary you can use lentils.
For the "winter" rabbit diet is convenient to use the mixtures sold in stores. First, they completely satisfy the need of animals for vitamins and minerals. Secondly, you do not have to worry about blanks. And most importantly - do not forget to monitor the availability of clean water in drinking bowls.
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