Flies - annoy, mosquitoes - bite, bees - kill! Yes, yes, there are bees, after meeting with which people may even die. Read now and watch a video on how to distinguish an ordinary striped worker from the one that can take life with its bite. And what to do after meeting with such insects?
Who are these winged killers?
Today, in the media, we increasingly find information and horrific data about some dangerous killer bees. Fortunately, they are not familiar to us, but every day the likelihood of meeting with them more and more increases. Many of us imagine some giant insects with evil eyes, like from horror movies. But in fact, they practically do not outwardly differ from the striped laborers familiar to us.
Killer bees are a real danger to humans. People who are allergic to bee or wasp venom are at risk of saying goodbye to life by getting a few bites from such insects. But a healthy person can transfer them normally. While some have just begun to discover these dangerous insects, they quickly spread across continents within the locality acceptable to them.
The main types of killer bees
Under the concept of "killer bees" lurk two types of dangerous to humans. The first species went from Africa, and the second has a wide distribution in Asia. The first thing that produces such insects is their size, which is unusual for a European.
Dangerous insects have the appearance of Africanized bees, which are some kind of hybrids obtained by crossing the genetic data of African common insects with drones of various species that are distributed throughout Europe. Africanized bees belong to the non-taxonomic group of honeybees, which is called Apis mellifera.
This type of bee, which represents a danger to humans, was bred in Brazil in 1956 as part of an ordinary experiment. Brazilian geneticist and entomologist Warwick Kerr, satisfying the beekeepers' request to bring insects from Africa, began an experiment, during which a new species of them appeared.
Due to the high physical performance and fertility of African bees, a geneticist was used to cross a subspecies that could eventually settle down in the very hot climate of Brazil. By a random error, the new uterus bred by long crosses were released to scientists in the next year after discovery. In freedom, the uterus gave fertile offspring, interbreeding with other drones of common species. As a result, this offspring surpassed all expectations.
Africanized bees are distinguished by their large size and excessive aggressiveness. The physical endurance inherited by these insects from the genetic precursors - African bees - gave the species high vitality, resistance to various weather conditions, the ability to produce twice as much honey as they produce ordinary honey-bearing ones. We note another advantage of these killer bees: the incubation period of Africanized insects is one day shorter than that of an ordinary bee. This factor gives them primacy in reproduction.
Africanized bees pose a particular danger to animals and humans. According to statistics, since 1969, more than 200 people have died from the bites of these insects in Brazil, and several thousand have been treated for serious bites. Thousands of pets died over the years. It is because of these reasons that Africanized workers have become famous as "killer bees."
Africanized bees can attack rapidly and quickly. When they feel anxious - they attack with swarms. The death of a person can occur with a large number of bites due to anaphylactic shock. You can escape from the bite of Africanized bees if you follow simple rules: it is not close to the hive, with noticeable insect aggression, you need to run fast (the bees are flying quite slowly), and preferably against the wind, while trying to cover your face with anything.
If you are still bitten by an insect - call the rescue service. 7-10 bites physically healthy person will suffer normally, so you should not panic.
The sensational Mexican bees are the same Africanized dangerous insects that have spread throughout Mexico, practically displacing common species from there. Now Africanized bees continue to colonize new cities and even entire states of America, having reached California. As it is known through numerous videos, environmentalists are concerned about the threat of the potential complete replacement of local populations of pollinating insects by "killer bees" throughout the southern part of the United States.
The second common species of killer bees is Vespa mandarinia. This is the largest bee in the world - the length of the individual subspecies of this insect is 5 centimeters, and its wingspan can be 7.5 centimeters in size. In the people, this dangerous insect is better known as the "tiger bee". They live in the territory of Korea, Japan, China, India, Nepal, the mountainous part of Sri Lanka. On the territory of the Russian Federation, if such insects can be found, it is only in Primorsky Krai.
The Tiger Bee has a long sting (6 mm) and a very toxic poison. Therefore, its bite is very dangerous. The developed poison is enough to kill a person, but such an outcome of a meeting with a tiger bee is very rare. A Japanese entomologist, whose name is Masato Ono, after being bitten by this bee, compared the pain of a bite to a very hot nail driven into his leg.
Encounters with an Asian insect should be avoided by people suffering from allergic diseases associated with wasp or bee venom. With the bite of several bees, a person who does not suffer from allergies can also lose his life, since one substance that is very harmful to the human body, mandorotoxin, is part of the poison. The precautions regarding the reluctance to get a bite from this bee are the same as with the previous species of dangerous insect.
Annually, 40 people die from tiger bee bites in Japan.