Most poultry enthusiasts grow ducks not for the sake of eggs, but exclusively for meat and fluff. But egg-laying is an extremely important point in breeding poultry. Naturally, if there are no eggs, then it will be impossible to get offspring. So, let's take a closer look at this issue, and also find out when ducks begin to rush.
If you are a beginner and want to have ducks in your yard for the first time, then, of course, a more acceptable option would be for you to buy ready-made duck eggs, or to purchase grown-up young animals. What can not be said about the poultry farmers who regularly receive bird eggs and are engaged in its breeding. By the way, if the ducks are good for you, you can sell these eggs. This is like an option to generate additional income. After all, with proper care, one female can carry up to 120 eggs a year. But when she rushes read a little below.
Beginning of poultry egg production
The domestic duck begins to be born at the age of 140-160 days. But in order to obtain a quality product that is suitable for incubation, it is important to consider several main factors. In addition to age, the conditions of housing and feeding of poultry affect egg production. Ducks rush well only when they live in a good warm and spacious duckling. The temperature in it should not fall below 8 degrees Celsius, although the birds themselves can tolerate even a slight frost. In addition, you should have already formed a herd, best from the autumn brood.
A duck for laying eggs must meet all the physiological standards of development, that is, to be moderately well-fed, not overfed. It should not be molting, and the feather cover should be smooth and silky. Also pay attention to the color of the beak and feet. During this period they should be bright orange. This is a sign of good bird health.
Egg-laying wild ducks
Wild ducks start laying eggs in the spring from mid-April to May. On the day the female is able to produce one egg. After the duck will carry the last egg, which is about 9-13 pieces, she starts the brooding process. Sometimes some females can throw up their eggs in the nests of other females, so the number can even increase to 20. A wild duck hatchs the offspring for about 29 days, all chicks are born almost simultaneously. In this case, as shown by numerous studies, the eggs laid last, pass the stage of embryo development much faster than those that were received first.
Preparing domestic ducks for laying
Poultry farmers begin preparing for egg laying when the bird is 150 days old. As a rule, autumn broods are selected for this. Preparing for the breeding season in laying hens begins with a change in diet and light regime. Before the start of egg-laying, the bird cannot be transferred to a new place of residence, nor can it change the usual normal conditions of detention.
In addition to an enhanced diet, they also increase the length of daylight hours, which is very important for the work of the genitals of the bird. However, it should be remembered that long-term illumination can be used only when the period of growth and development of the bird is over, as well as the molt. A light day should be increased gradually 25 days before the desired masonry, adding 15-30 minutes every week. By the intensive period of egg production, daylight of ducks should be 16 hours.
So, ducks rush almost every day, while observing all the rules of their maintenance and care. During the first month, one female is able to produce about 20 eggs, then increase to 23 eggs in the second and third month, the fourth is already their number is 26 pieces, the fifth and sixth - 27 pieces. If for some reason, for example, a bird reduces egg-laying or loses it completely, then it will be impossible to resume it during this current period.
Unlike other poultry, ducks rush at night, at about 2-3 in the morning. Therefore, in order to prevent hypothermia for the purpose of further incubation, it is important to take the eggs no later than 6 am. Ends last stage of masonry to 12 hours of the day. After this time, as a rule, ducks go for walking or on a reservoir.
Period of molting
All professional poultry breeders know that during the molting period the bird requires special attention from the owner. Of course, at this time should not and can not be a period of egg production. Shed duck feathers twice a year. The first molt occurs in the summer from June to July, the second - in the fall from the beginning of September to the end of October. In summer, the bird first begins to lose tail feathers, then small ones fall out. Also at this time the flight feathers are updated. In the fall, only steering and small feathers fall out.
Duration of laying hens
Ducks are poultry long-livers. On average, their age is 20 years, but their ability to be carried remains with them only up to 5-6 years. The highest rate of ducks is demonstrated in the second year of egg-laying, then it decreases by 5-10%. After the first year, do not rush to reject females, because by the time of two or three years they are able to produce the highest quality eggs. Nestlings received in this period grow faster and develop better.
And, of course, to get fertilized eggs, you need to have a duck in the herd of ducks. For 4-6 females, it is enough to have one male.