Giant rabbits of the breed Flandr are valued for tasty dietary meat and luxurious fur. The breed line has an impressive history, the first mention of it dates from the XVII century. Speaking of this type of animal, we note that disputes concerning their homeland are still ongoing. But most of the facts show that they were bred in Belgium, that's why they are called the Belgian giants. The article will discuss not only the history, but also the main characteristics of eared, their advantages and disadvantages.
What the story says
Today, the Flandre rabbit is popular all over the world. Four states - Belgium, Germany, Argentina and France - claim the right to be called its homeland. But most often called the rabbit Belgian.
However, today it is not important to know exactly in which country the breed was bred. Its characteristics deserve more attention. It is known that over several centuries of existence, the parameters of the representatives of the line have changed a lot. Flandre rabbit has become more durable, it is easier to adapt to the environmental conditions, has a stronger immunity.
An important characteristic that unites all existing versions of the appearance of Flandre rabbits is that the Flemish line is at the heart of the breed. Breeders from Argentina claim that their colleagues crossed the Flemish giant with the Patagonian and Argentine giants.
And the version that the Flandre rabbits occurred when crossing the Patagonian line, causes today the greatest number of doubts. Purebred Patagonian rabbits are very tiny animals weighing up to 1 kg.
Regarding the fact that the Flemish giant became the basis of the breed, no one doubts. And even if this line does not exist today, its reliable description has been preserved.
Flandra rabbits were imported to North America in the 19th century. The breed immediately became popular, and its best representatives took prizes at exhibitions. In this regina, Flandre rabbit is popular today.
Another fact testifying in favor of the fact that Belgium is the birthplace of it is the province of Flanders, which gave its name to the eared giants.
Standards and external specifications
The Belgian giant has a large elongated body. Ears wide and long, mostly erect. The head seems volumetric due to wide cheeks.
The forelimbs of the Belgian giant rabbits are very massive - with their help the animal protects itself from enemies. Large dimensions make the animal clumsy and heavy. But this does not prevent many animal lovers to contain eared fish as a pet. A good-natured character and funny appearance quickly turn him into a universal pet.
The color of Flandre rabbits can be varied - from rich black to blue. Rare is the shade of fur faun - beige.
Common Flandre breed standards:
- the body of the rabbit is elongated;
- the head is large, proportionally corresponding to the body;
- dark brown eyes;
- cheeks are voluminous;
- ears are large, thick, rounded upper edge, with obligatory dark ribbon;
- wool thick, straight, 3.5-4 cm long;
- the color of the rabbit's claws matches the shade of the fur.
The average length of the ears of the Belgian giant Flandre is 18 cm, maximum 25 cm. The length of the rabbit's body can reach 70 cm. The body weight of adult pedigreed individuals is over 8 kg.
Advantages and disadvantages of the ruler
To understand why the clumsy Belgian giant so often lives in the house as a pet, you should consider the main features of his character. Adult rabbits, regardless of gender, are calm and peaceful.
The rabbit shows aggression solely for self-defense. But in most cases, his actions will be directed against other animals, the human white flander rarely attacks.
In this case, the eared fish gets on well in the same territory with other animals - cats, dogs, birds. All owners of the flanders (sometimes they are called that) mark their high intelligence. Pet quickly remembers own name, understands the simplest commands, goes to the tray.
A balanced and good-natured character is precisely one of the breed’s merits. Flander content is not associated with any difficulties. These animals are unpretentious to the conditions of detention and the diet. The breeding of this variety of giants is facilitated by the fact that the rabbits have a well-developed maternal instinct, therefore the vitality of the rabbits is high.
However, the Flandre breed has its drawbacks. First, it’s about the low quality of the skins. Villi grow unevenly, little fluff. Meat yield is much less than other giant breeds. At the same time, rabbits are extremely voracious - their food becomes a serious expense item. Congenital or acquired pathologies of the limbs and joints caused by high weight are not excluded.
But, despite the disadvantages, the breed of rabbits, the Belgian giants have not lost their relevance for several centuries. Breeders continue to work on improving the basic characteristics of the line. And, perhaps, in the near future all the disadvantages will turn into advantages.
The Belgian flanders, impressive for its size, require a spacious cage. The approximate dimensions of the house for an adult male are 110x70x50 cm. A rabbit with posterity will require an even larger living space, at least 170x110x50cm.
Cages for rabbits must be equipped with feeders and drinkers so that food does not mix with bedding. The bottom of the enclosure should be solid, the use of gratings is often the cause of the development of a poddermatit.
This breed of rabbits loves space and fresh air. Therefore, during the warm season, cultivation can be carried out in open enclosures. Only it is necessary to provide protection from direct sunlight. They are destructive for giants.
When captive rabbits grow in nets, you can plant climbers that will serve both as green forage and as protection from the sun.
In winter, it is advisable to transfer the rabbits into a room that reliably protects them from wind and drafts. Heated use is optional, the Belgian giant has a warm and dense coat. In severe frosts, a large amount of hay and straw is laid in the cells, from which the eared fish can build itself a warm nest. The room in which the rabbits are kept must be ventilated.
Basic content rules
Breeding rabbits at home, do not forget about vaccination. The Belgian giants are inevitably vaccinated against viral hemorrhagic disease, myxomatosis and pasteurelliosis. Immunity depends not only on the number of vaccinations, but also on the age at which they were given.
Young rabbits are vaccinated at the age of 6 weeks, then vaccination is carried out according to the standard scheme.
Peculiarities of the maintenance of the Belgian giant rabbits also affect the sequence of vaccination. In the standard scheme, the vaccine for myxomatosis is administered first, and after 2 weeks from a hemorrhagic virus. Given that the cause of infection of animals with hemorrhagic disease are mosquito bites, in some cases it is more expedient to make the first vaccine against this infection.
The breed description of the Belgian giant indicates that these rabbits are excellent for keeping in apartment conditions. To make a pet comfortable, he will definitely need his house - a cage or a box. As a filler for the tray can be used sawdust, ordinary or pressed. The material perfectly absorbs odors and does not hurt the rabbit paws.
Taste addictions of eared giants
The condition for successful breeding Flandrov is the formation of the correct diet. This breed of rabbits does not require the use of special concentrated feed, but the giant itself is demanding of food.
Naturally, if necessary, the rabbit will eat even those products that are not included in his favorite list. But this diet often ends with a variety of digestive problems.
Flandr rabbits have a somewhat peculiar digestion system. To achieve optimal digestion of food, it is important to feed the eared fish in a specific order.
The recommended feeding pattern for Belgian Flandres:
- in the morning coarse food - grain and hay;
- lunch - fresh grass or hay, vegetables and fruits;
- evening - silage, grain, feed, hay.
It is important that feeding is always carried out at the same time. This will allow the rabbit to adapt to a specific mode. Green grass is recommended to first slightly dry in the sun.
Vegetables and fruits before feeding must be washed and dried. New products are introduced into the diet of the rabbit very carefully, in small portions.
When fresh cabbage is added to the diet, it is imperative to give hay with it to avoid diarrhea in rabbits. It is worth to refrain from white cabbage in general - this product provokes swelling. Details in the article "What kind of cabbage can be given to a rabbit."
How to breed eared giants
All breeding individuals must be kept in separate cages. Rabbits sit down to the males, and not vice versa. If a "neutral" territory is used for mating, then the male is always the first to start there.
Flandra rabbits are ready to mate at the age of 8 months. That is, the early maturing representatives of this breed can not be exactly named.
The readiness of the female for mating can be identified by the following signs - aggressiveness, agitated behavior, loss of appetite, the external genitals swell, become bright pink. In summer, the rabbit is ready to mate every 7-8 days, in winter the gap increases. The duration of the "hunting" - 3-4 days.
Mating rabbits flandr at any time of the year. Reproduction under natural conditions is most active at the end of winter and in spring. At the same time, autumn is considered to be a less suitable period for mating, which includes the molting period. Immunity of animals at this time decreases.
Water should always be
In the mating period itself, from the cage in which the male and female will be located, it is necessary to remove water and food. After 7-8 days, you can again put the rabbit to the male - if she does not allow him to come to her, then the previous mating was successful.
The sukrolnaya rabbit must be in a separate cell with the mother liquor throughout the entire period of pregnancy. An abrupt change in the location of the situation just before the scene can cause stress. There should be a sufficient amount of clean water in the drinking bowl of a pregnant and lactating female. With a lack of fluid, she can eat a newborn rabbit.
The rabbit must be with rabbit until they reach the age of 2 months. During this time, the young will get stronger in breast milk, rich in vitamins and essential trace elements. In addition, the offspring eats mother tsekotrofy - a special night feces, enriched with bacteria, indispensable for normal digestion.
Earlier weaning rabbits adversely affects their health.
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