Every farmer or owner of the poultry yard will sooner or later meet with such a nuance as hatching eggs. Whether it is the usual breeding of birds or the renewal of the flock, breeders should know all the features of this process. Right now we will talk about how many eggs the hen is hatching and how it happens.
Before talking about the process itself, it should be noted that a good brood is not only the merit of the chicken, but also the efforts of the person himself. After all, much of the success depends on the quality of the eggs. This includes the health of the rooster, and the living conditions of the birds, proper feeding, and normal fertilization of eggs. Remember that chickens rush without a rooster, but their fruits are no longer suitable for hatching offspring.
The normal ratio of the number of rooster and hens varies on average one male per 10-12 females. However, in heavy breed groups, this figure drops to one cock per 6-10 hens.
For offspring, you should take only fresh, clean eggs with no visible defects and regular shape. It is better if it will be products for a period of 5-8 days, more than 10 - this is already too much, since the viability of the embryo decreases. Often these eggs can be "defective." If they are stored for about a week in order to accumulate the right amount, then it is important to turn them every day in different directions. Store this product at a temperature of 10-15 degrees.
So, if you have introduced chickens recently and want to try to get offspring for the first time, you should know some nuances. First, it is the hen itself.
- A hen - as practice shows, the best "maternal" instinct is developed in heavy breeds. They are less active and able to sit in one place for a long time. For each owner, it is important to choose the hen for your brood. Such a chicken should be in a special natural state of "motherhood". First, her body temperature rises, her comb becomes a little dimmer than usual, the bird clucks and shows nervousness.
- The nest is a separate room from the rest of the hens, a warm and cozy place, paved in a convenient way so that the eggs do not roll out. The nest is often made straw.
- The process of incubation - before planting eggs on the chicken, you must be sure that it will be able to fulfill the role of the hen and mother. For this, the fact that the bird is clucking is not enough. It is important to test her desire in practice. To do this, take the porcelain eggs and put the chicken in the nest. If a couple of days she sits out well and calmly, then you can already put real "live" products.
Details of incubation
What does it mean - the chicken incubates the eggs? This means that the hen constantly sits on them and warms them with its warmth. At the same time, it maintains a constant temperature of about 37.8 ° C, and from time to time turns it around with its paws so that the embryos warm up from all sides evenly.
Of course, the bird rises every day from the nest in order to eat, drink water, cope with natural needs and walk around a bit. While sitting, nothing should distract and irritate the chicken. Her cell should be in a quiet, secluded and dark place.
How many days does a chicken sit on eggs?
The whole process of incubation lasts 21 days. During this time, the embryos are fully formed and the chicks hatch. However, it sometimes happens that in the process of warming the hen intentionally throws one or two eggs to the side. They need to be removed, as this is a "defective" product. In such either the fetus fades, or is completely absent.
How to wean the chicken from incubation
Chickens have their own natural schedule and this schedule often does not coincide with our needs. This also applies to the process of hatching eggs. It would seem that the summer has passed, autumn has come, and you have several layers of it. Is it possible to stop and wean? Yes, there are some simple secrets how to wean the bird from hatching for a short period. At least until spring, because then her “maternal” instinct will still come in handy.
The oldest folk way is to “bathe” the layer in cool water. You can dip in a small barrel, but not with your head naturally. Why does this work? There are several versions: the first - the chicken is under stress, the second - it is overcooled and the body temperature decreases.
For some individuals it helps to stay a few days in an empty cardboard nest without bedding and eggs. Others stop crying after a few days of life in a lone aviary. How to choose a method must be decided by the owner himself, since the birds are different and this instinct is differently developed for everyone.