It is necessary to clearly understand what grass the rabbits eat and what is most useful for them. The health, growth and development of animals is directly dependent on the conditions of detention and feeding. Green mass is the basis of the nutrition of these animals. They are happy to use various vegetation. Existing plant species contain maximum nutrients, vitamins, minerals. Feed based on them used all year round. But some eared plants are absolutely impossible to eat.
What grass do eared animals prefer?
The digestive system of rabbits is designed to digest plant foods. These animals receive the most beneficial substances for the body from plants. They are very fond of Melissa, mint, dandelions, cumin, coltsfoot, sage. These herbs stimulate their appetite, contain many proteins. Wormwood prevents intestinal disorders, activates digestion.
The nettle is characterized by nettle, which is the best food for them. This plant contains many vitamins, has a hemostatic and antibacterial effect. Rabbits should be given such grass after scalding it with boiling water. The animals love plantain rich in proteins, amino acids and minerals, which promotes healing of wounds.
Optimal nutrition eared pets should be consistent with their normal diet in their natural habitat. During the year a healthy rabbit eats about 500 kg of green grass and hay, not counting concentrated feed.
For rabbits, young plants, greens of garden plants are best suited. In addition, these animals willingly eat various weeds from the garden, for example, thistle, spurge, quinoa.
Benefits of Herbal Feed
Green grass mass and hay are the main feeds in rabbit breeding. Greens have a number of advantages that directly affect the growth, development and health of rabbits. These important components of the rabbit diet are indispensable for his body. In addition, properly selected herbs help rabbit breeders save a lot.
Green feeds have the following advantages:
- they stimulate the processes of digestion in representatives of rabbit breeds;
- plant stalks help grind down teeth to animals, maintaining their health;
- protein components of legumes contribute to the rapid growth of young;
- Greens have an anti-inflammatory effect on the body, helps to increase the volume of milk in a nursing rabbit.
Forest, field, meadow green herbs contain all the necessary nutrients for rabbits. The procurement of such feeds can significantly save material resources, since it is not necessary to specifically grow certain crops and buy expensive combined feeds. Due to green fodder consumption of cereals is reduced.
General requirements for plants
Grass for rabbits should be varied, since the same type of feeding significantly reduces appetite, can cause health problems. It is better to give young plants containing the maximum amount of protein compounds. Late fees can cause digestive problems in animals.
It is impossible to feed the animals with freshly cut or wet grass, therefore, before feeding, green leaves and stems are recommended to be slightly dried. In addition, such food should be given after concentrated feed.
It is necessary to accustom baby rabbits to green feeds from an early age. In no case can not feed eared animals alone with weeds, tops of garden crops. Root vegetables, vegetables, weeds should be no more than 30% of the total feed mass.
When harvesting grass for the winter you need to mow it at the very beginning of flowering. It is not recommended to use a mower for mowing, since such an aggregate, when interacting with grass, activates oxidizing processes in it. This adversely affects the health of the digestive system of animals.
The most useful hay has a characteristic greenish color and a fresh aroma, so it should not be overdried. Branches of trees and shrubs should be given to animals no more than twice a week.
Wild grasses for feeding rabbits
Green plants gathered in forest glades are the basis of the diet of various breeds of rabbits. Harvested wild herbs, which feed animals, significantly reduce the cost of their cultivation and maintenance because of the volume and easy availability. Among the most popular plants are alfalfa, dandelion, sweet clover, vetch, red clover, goatling, wild chicory.
Medicinal dandelion and plantain leaves are characterized by the highest content of beneficial proteins, minerals on the background of the minimum concentration of plant fiber. They can be stored in dried form for up to three years.
Edible leaves of the Siberian hogweed are fed to the rabbit to increase milk production. The most effective anthelmintic agent is wormwood, which is used during the autumn period for the prevention and control of helminthic invasions.
Nettle helps with intestinal upset, contains a large amount of protein. Alfalfa is indispensable for the nutrition of nursing rabbits and young stock, as this plant contains the maximum amount of amino acids.
It is recommended to enrich the feed with a small amount of tansy, yarrow, burdock. Drying grass fees should be in the shade, spreading them in a thin layer on the grid or in the form of a hut. It is important to ensure good ventilation.
Garden greens - an important component of the diet
Herbal products growing in the home garden are numerous weeds, tops of root crops, specially sown legumes and cereals. For feeding the animals fit various greens, which appears in the spring.
Early cabbage, grassy tops of young carrots are a favorite delicacy of eared little animals. Various garden weeds can be a great help for feeding these pets. With great pleasure, rabbits eat horse sorrel, beet tops, parsley, celery, parsnips. Rhubarb is a plant that contains the maximum amount of vitamins for these animals.
Many farmers specially sow certain plants in their gardens. Young peas, vetch are typical early rabbit herbs that are easy to grow and harvest. Bean plants animals love very much. Their use contributes to rapid growth and weight gain.
Tansy, clover, meadow prairie, willow-tea, nettle, sweet clover effectively strengthen the immunity of rabbits. In addition, plants such as tansy, garlic, dill, pumpkin seeds have a pronounced anthelmintic effect.
Red clover contains about 20% of proteins, but its use should be limited. For eared pets some cereal crops will be very useful. For example, oats, corn, rye.
These foods are calorie. They are collected in early summer, slightly dried and added to feed. During the warm season, you can get two harvests of oats. Such mixtures make up about 70% of cereals and 30% of other green herbs.
The best grass for eared fish
Due to ecological purity, grasses collected in remote meadows, fields, and forest glades are most valued.
It is best to harvest green fodder away from dusty roads, industrial plants, landfills and landfills. Such plants are characterized by high nutritional value, saturation with vitamins and useful minerals.
Most of them have anti-inflammatory effects. If such greens are given to nursing rabbits, then their milk secretion increases.
Now summarize what grass can be given to rabbits on an ongoing basis. Clover, mouse peas, alfalfa, nettle, dandelion, tansy, wormwood, quinoa, yarrow are green plants that are great for the daily diet of these animals. Greens stabilize the digestive system, has an anthelmintic effect.
It is recommended to feed animals with tops of garden plants, such as carrots, turnips, radishes, strawberries. In addition, parsley, spinach, celery, basil, savoy cabbage are valuable for the body of rabbits.
In addition to various herbs, it is recommended to periodically give eared little sprigs of various plants. The most useful for their body will be branches of fruit trees and shrubs. In addition, we recommend using maple, grape, mulberry, ash, ash and acacia for rabbit teeth. Occasionally, the diet of animals is recommended to be enriched with coniferous branches, oak, birch, alder.
Dangerous for the life of animal plants
When breeding rabbit breeds, it is important to have a clear idea of what grass should not be given to rabbits. First of all, animals can not be fed moldy, rotted plants. But the poisonous culture can be among the fresh herbal feed. Many toxic herbs lose their poisonous properties during the drying process, therefore animals should be given them only in a dry state.
The most dangerous species for eagles are some common green plants. One of the most dangerous herbs is aconite, which is ubiquitous. All parts of this plant are literally soaked with toxic substances. At the same time, toxic components retain their activity even after the stems and leaves are completely dry. They may adversely affect the function of the respiratory system.
Another common plant that is banned is greater celandine. In any form, it can cause convulsions, general weakness, digestive disorders.
Chemeritsa can cause increased salivation, diarrhea, convulsions, fever, paralysis in animals. Buttercup is not a deadly herb, but can lead to severe indigestion. Lumbago is a more poisonous culture that provokes shortness of breath, impaired cardiac activity, and disorders of the digestive system.
Marsh marsh retains toxic substances even after drying. When animals enter the body, there may be dysfunction of the liver, kidneys, and the gastrointestinal tract.
Collection and storage rules
In order not to harm the health of eared animals, edible useful plants should grow in certain conditions. What is important is their proper collection and storage.
It is necessary to exclude herbs with signs of mold, and especially plants that are starting to rot. When collecting grassy plants, avoid walking places for pets. After mowing the grass, it is imperative to dry it, because moisture provokes intensive development of pathogenic bacteria and pathogenic microorganisms.
It is not recommended to use for feeding the greens collected from the roads along which there is heavy traffic of motor transport. It should be borne in mind that the most poisonous grass grows in deep shade, places characterized by high humidity.
Canned, frozen herbs can also adversely affect the health of eared pets. In addition, ornamental and indoor plants such as amaryllis, azaleas, begonias, jasmine, and poppy should not be given to animals.
Continues the theme of food article "About feed for rabbits."
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