To perform the necessary work, the horse must always be healthy and, as they say, in shape. However, for this, the animal must be provided with proper everyday care and attention. Follow the rules for keeping in a stable. And one of the most irreplaceable items of equipment is a horse blanket. What is it, and also, what types exist, let's see in more detail.
What is a blanket and what are they for?
So, to put it simply, the blanket is a special protective cape or veil, which is used to heat and protect the horse. Since regular hygiene procedures deprive a stable horse of a natural layer of protective fat, it needs additional protection. All blankets are completed and constructed depending on the type of animal and climatic living conditions. Special warm or light capes, dense or thin, walking or stable, are sewn. It is desirable to have several types of blankets for different occasions.
Conventional denikovuyu or nightly blanket is traditionally sewn from durable materials with a special lining. Popular and more popular are modern materials that require less maintenance. In the fall, when the temperature drops below 10 degrees, the blanket prevents the growth of thick winter wool. And it is very important for a riding horse, as thick wool complicates care before and after training.
Of all the modern variety of bastard, you will need three main types in your household: for a stable, for walking in the cold season and for absorbing sweat. Expensive cape for the stable is most often made of nylon or canvas. But the absorbent sweat is always sewn only from wool. She covers sweaty horse after work. As soon as the animal dries, this blanket is replaced by the usual stable.
What are the different types?
In addition to woolen and expensive blankets from nylon, there are also linen walking and stable capes, rides under the saddle, podapony over which they put a warmer version and so on. There are also waterproof, from flies and the sun for the summer and even protective covers with slots for eyes, muzzle and ears. The latter allow the horse to be protected from severe frost or to maintain cleanliness during a trip in a horse-drawn carriage.
This type of blanket is used to ensure that the animal is warm and dry during walks in the levada or on the pasture. They are made of dense synthetic fabrics that do not allow air and moisture. Therefore, they are well protect the animal from wind and rain. But on the other hand, a special texture allows moisture to come out on the horse's body, thereby preventing overheating.
New Zealand Levadnaya
This is a heavy horsetail canvas cover, so named because it was first developed in New Zealand. Because of its weight, for convenience it has chest and leg straps that hold the cape in place. See the photo below.
Type "Vah" and "Gladiator"
These blankets are also made of synthetic materials, but have an unusual structure. They have built up a part that covers the neck of the animal. This allows even more to keep the horse warm and dry.
These blankets are designed for horses staying in the stalls. To a greater extent, they protect animal hair from dirt and dust. They also come in light cotton for summer and warm quilted for winter.
Daytime "Melton" and universal synthetic
This species is made of wool and is made in different colors. Such a woolen protective cape retains heat, but it is heavy and airtight. It is harder to wash and clean. Therefore, most often the owners choose the usual synthetic stable type. They can be both light and warm. Therefore, they are often referred to the category of universal or night.
Jute and podpopony
Subpopons may be of various thicknesses. In winter, they are placed under the usual stable blanket for additional heat retention. But jute capes are traditionally used as nightcloths. They have a rather thick outer layer of natural fabrics and a blanket lining. But their disadvantage is that they are very heavy.
For these types of blankets use the lightest materials. They are used before and after training, as well as in the summer when walking a horse. Summer capes help to keep the horse clean, both in the left and in the stable. They are well breathable, as well as moisture, so they are used even on hot days.
These blankets are sewn from cotton or light wool. Their name suggests that they wear such capes on race horses during a parade before the race. On the back of the animal, it is held by a cable and chest strap and prevents hypothermia. It can also be used as a cape during training. Since it has a certain shape and closes only the back of the horse, it is often called polupoponoy.
This is a special kind of multifunctional blankets that are used with the latest advances in textile technology. They absorb moisture and let it out, so they allow the horse to dry quickly after swimming or training. They are also ideal for those racers who sweat a lot during transport.
"Kulmasta" and "Kombi"
This is a special anti-light cape, which is made from non-absorbing breathable fabric. It can be used as a stable, and transport blanket. As for the type of "Kombi", it is also an anti-tide cape with an additional net from flies. It is a mesh fabric that allows the animal to dry faster.
In addition to the main types of blankets, there are also many specific capes and their derivatives, which are being improved all the time. For example, training keeps horses with thin skin dry and warm during training. The European waterproof cape has an outer cover and a twill lining. In rainy weather, it is placed on top of the saddle to protect against moisture.
A fluorescent training cape ensures that the horse and rider are visible to the oncoming flow on the road. They are used in the dark and with poor visibility, when driving on roads and highways. The rain cape is a light synthetic coverlet that covers the horse from ear to tail. Look at the pictures below for different types.
Caring for a blanket
As well as any item of horse equipment, capes also require special care. First, you need to regularly check all fasteners and repair worn seams on time. Secondly, after each use blankets need to shake out, air and dry. They should also be regularly washed with neutral powders, and then also dried well. Jute capes must be thoroughly cleaned with a coarse brush.