Breeding bees - the task is not for the lazy, because beekeeping encompasses many complex technical issues. Often, their implementation at home is difficult, but still possible. Many beekeepers are interested in the question: how to clean the wax so that it can be used in medicine and cosmetic purposes? We will talk about this in our article.
Wax on a par with honey - the most valuable waste product of bees. Its scope of use is very wide. This product is actively used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetology, used in the food industry and electrical technologies. Bee raw materials - one of the components in the manufacture of honeycomb.
Natural wax raw materials contain many impurities. This includes the larvae of bees, and cocoon particles, and the remains of honey. They significantly impair the beneficial qualities of the bee product, therefore the cleaning of raw materials is an important step in the production of high-quality raw materials. To clean the honeycomb of unwanted impurities, beekeepers successfully use several methods, each of which deserves attention. In more detail we will consider each method in our article.
This method involves the purification of raw materials in a natural way, without an abrupt change in temperature and without the participation of chemical processes. Physical cleaning also has two varieties: filtering and settling.
In the role of the filter beekeepers use nylon cloth, gauze or metal mesh. The wax is filtered during the kindling, directly at the time of processing of the raw bee in the wax refinery. Raw materials are decanted through a filter, cleaning from the largest particles. Thus, filtering helps to remove coarse dirt from the wax, while small particles are not washed out of the raw material. You can get rid of them by settling.
To remove smaller impurities, the raw materials are melted and then placed in water for several days. Capacity is warmed, so that the wax does not so quickly harden. Due to the different density of substances, small particles settle to the bottom of the tank, or linger on the border with water. When the liquid hardens, these particles are easily removed with a regular knife. If necessary, the procedure is repeated.
And yet in the filtered and settled raw materials remain all sorts of impurities. And as you know, colloidal pollution and excess chemical elements worsen the quality of the wax produced. To combat them use a variety of acids. Most often, beekeepers use sulfuric acid. Less commonly, acetic oxidants are used to clean the wax. For this, the acid is poured into the melted product and infused for several hours.
Absorbents such as activated carbon are used to remove pigments. It is added for some time in the melted raw materials, after which the wax is passed several times through the filter. Thus, the product loses its natural pigmentation and becomes lighter.
Quite often we need exactly the clarified product of the bees. For example, in cosmetology never use wax with native pigment, since such a product is harmful to the human body. For the same reasons, wax raw materials in the pharmaceutical industry are used only clarified.
For chemical clarification using acidic medium for oxidation, and alkaline reducing agents. Bleaching with chlorine is the most rigid method, but at the same time the fastest. More delicate whitening can be performed using the following substances.
- The hydrogen peroxide solution is combined with an alkaline solution, and this mixture is added to the molten raw material.
- Potassium permanganate is dissolved in an acidic medium, after which it is added to the wax for half an hour and then washed with dilute sulfuric acid.
- Caustic potassium is mixed with alcohol, poured into the wax raw material, and then rinsed with a stream of carbon dioxide.
At home, chemical cleaning of the pigment is combined with natural clarification. The plates of the honeycomb are placed so that the sun's rays fall on them. Ultraviolet lighting contributes to even more light. Some experts recommend only natural clarification, as acids strongly destroy the structure of the substance. After bleaching the wax becomes more fragile, but its melting temperature rises.
Beekeepers trust the ways they have experienced. Even if this method has not received sufficient scientific argumentation. For example, some innovators use temperature differential for cleaning. For this, the cells are frozen several times and then left to thaw at room temperature.
Firstly, this method allows for a long time to keep the product of bee life in a fresh form. Secondly, when defrosting unnecessary elements are separated from the raw materials, as a result we get a pure solid product. I must say that this method causes a lot of controversy, and beekeepers are still working to improve this technology.
As you can see, there are several ways to clean and brighten the foundation of the house. Which of them to choose, whether to use them individually or in aggregate, you decide. And we wish you success and excellent results in beekeeping.