If you decide to engage in industrial breeding of eared pets for meat, then the German motley giant rabbit is best for this, which very quickly gains muscle mass, already reaching 5 kg in weight by 5 months. Due to the fine structure of its bones, the yield of pure rabbit meat is much higher than that of other breeds, and a smooth and shiny skin with an unusual color is perfect for the manufacture of elite fur products.
The history of the breed
Breed of German giants has a long history, the beginning of which dates from the XVIII century. At that time, the population of present-day Germany experienced enormous problems with food, and breeding rabbits made it possible to produce very inexpensive, high-quality meat. The popularity of rabbit meat was high and it was even served to the table of nobles.
Initially, the Belgian Flandre rabbits were introduced to Germany, which they began to cross with the local black and white breed. The resulting hybrids remained large and quickly gained weight, and the color of their fur was incredibly variegated.
This did not matter, since in most cases the hides of slaughtered rabbits were used for sewing mittens and hats for commoners.
In the middle of the 19th century, with the beginning of the industrial revolution, demand for cheap fur products sharply arose. White rabbits with a black stripe (string) running through the entire body along the spine began to be especially popular.
These animals resembled representatives of the butterfly breed in color (for more details, see “Breed of Rabbit Butterfly”), but were larger.
Large animals with butterflies on the face
For the first time, German motley giant rabbits were presented to the general public in 1907 and struck everyone with the unusual color of their large body. Their main distinguishing features are the main white color, the presence of a continuous black string along the spine, a beautiful black pattern on the muzzles of animals, resembling butterfly wings, and black spots that are randomly scattered throughout the body.
Despite some similarities with representatives of the butterfly breed, rabbits rabbits differed significantly from the latter in large sizes and in that the spots on the body were scattered asymmetrically.
The unusual color of the rabbit fur color was that the spots could have not only the traditional black and dark gray, but also a blue tint.
This seriously increased the demand for German motley giant skins of builders from designers who make fur clothes, the appearance of which delighted fashionistas of that time.
The main signs of the breed
Due to the extreme resistance to climate change and the rapid growth of the rabbit, the Stroke breed has become very popular. His breeding engaged in krolikovody many countries, including Russia.
The official description of the German Storky Giant breed includes:
- long muscular body, reaching a length of 70 cm;
- medium sized head somewhat elongated in females;
- shortened neck;
- long curved back with a large rounded croup;
- powerful elongated paws;
- erect ears length 16-18 cm;
- adult rabbit builder can weigh up to 10 kg with an average weight of 5-6 kg;
- dense and short fur has a length of not more than 3 cm.
In animals, small eyes of hazel color, which in a healthy animal should shine. The ears have a uniform color corresponding to the color of the spots scattered on the skin.
If the pattern on the face is weak, and the line on the back is intermittent, this is a serious deviation. It is not recommended to allow such animals to reproduce.
Acceptable deviations of appearance are considered: light wool in a black spot, if the spots affect the top of the head, butterflies in the figure have jagged edges and painted claws. However, unacceptable: uneven growth of hair, lack of pattern on the face, around the eyes or back, as well as if the string and the butterfly have white patches.
Remember that genetically this breed of rabbits is not stable and monochrome specimens may appear in the litter of German builders. Therefore, their breeding requires the use of special skills and rules, which we will discuss below.
Popular meat breed
German Giant rabbit breeds are currently being raised exclusively for the production of delicious meat, so special attention is not paid to the color of the skins. This is due to the fact that getting an animal with a predetermined color is almost impossible.
In each litter there may be rabbit with light gray, dark gray, black and even blue patches that are scattered on the skin in a chaotic manner.
If you cross representatives of the Germanic breed for a long time, one-color rabbits will surely appear, which will resemble the original form of the Belgian flandrov.
To obtain elite animals that are used for demonstration at exhibitions of breeders, it is recommended to keep a single-colored male and a female whose color is motley. Or vice versa.
With this approach, the color characteristics of the German giant breed will be uniquely preserved in the offspring.
Features of building content
The content of the German giants has its own specifics. These animals are not very mobile, but love to spend time in the fresh air. Therefore, it is advisable for them to build open-air cages, which can simultaneously contain several rabbits or adult females.
It is strictly forbidden to keep adult males of motley builders in one aviary. These strong animals are aggressive and will definitely fight, proving their superiority over each other.
The result of such fights is getting numerous injuries and even bone fractures. Injured rabbits recover very hard and in the overwhelming majority of cases they are recommended to be slaughtered immediately.
Remember that, like rabbits of other breeds, Germans very poorly tolerate drafts, the direct rays of the sun and overheating. Therefore, you need to install cages under the sheds of the blank walls. There should always be a drinking bowl with water (it is best to use an automatic). In the hot season, you can set a shallow container with clean water, or cool the room with plastic bottles with ice.
The rapid growth and fertility of rabbit
A great advantage of the German builder breed is that young animals quickly gain a living mass, and before puberty, the rate of weight gain can reach 0.5-1 kg per month.
Already by 5-6 months, healthy animals can weigh 5 kg or more. The females of this giant are ready to produce offspring, but it is not recommended to cross them at this age. It is necessary to wait another 2-3 months until the rabbit gains strength and is completely formed.
The situation is somewhat different with male Storkers. It is desirable to allow them to cover females immediately after reaching puberty. The peculiarity of the German giants, as well as representatives of other giant breeds, is that they have an excellent appetite and may prefer feeding to the reproduction of the offspring.
The gestation period of the females of the German giant lasts for 30-32 days, and the delivery takes place without complications. Rabbits bring in one okolol to 8-10 cubs and never give up babies.
Due to the large amount of milk produced, the mother feeds eared ears up to the age of 2 months. They have strong immunity.
The female rarely bites its offspring, and this happens only if she does not have access to clean water.
Features breeding breed
If you decide to professionally engage in breeding German giants for the sake of obtaining high-quality skins, then do not forget that this is a hybrid breed, the characteristic of which is significantly different from the usual butterfly rabbits belonging to decorative species.
Ideally, only the best and sturdy specimens of the German motley giant should be allowed to mate, from which the same strong babies will almost certainly appear on the holy.
In the conditions of a home rabbit farm, this is far from always obtained, since some animals are sick or have a colorful color that is not characteristic of the breed.
The best way out of such a situation is to improve the breed, in which the female stalkers having certain disadvantages are covered with the most healthy males. After hatching in litter, half of the cubs will necessarily correspond to the signs of the father and can be used as a repair animal.
The rejected youngsters of giants have a good appetite and will quickly gain the weight necessary for slaughter, and its meat will be different in density and juiciness.
Keep clean and hygienic
Due to the lack of mobility of adult animals, they are characterized by a high incidence of disease and are difficult to tolerate the disease. Therefore, timely vaccination of German builders is a must.
Even if you plan to kill young animals that have not reached the industrial age of 10-11 months, be sure to invite a veterinarian. You can independently enter the German strokacham associated inoculation against myxomatosis and VGBK. Also hold anti-parasitic measures to remove worms and ticks.
Remember that the great weight of the German giants puts serious pressure on their limbs, which can not stand and break. To prevent such a risk, be sure to cover the floor of the cage or aviary with sawdust, hay or peat.
These materials will soften the floor surface and will absorb liquid animal excrement well. Cleaning of cells and enclosures should be carried out at least once every 3-7 days.
By timely removal of waste and residues of food you prevent the development of staph infections that negatively affect the health of your pets.
Highly productive meat rabbits
In Russia, breeding German builder is not particularly popular. Domestic rabbit breeders prefer the gray giant, better adapted for life in our climate zone.
According to its taste and organoleptic characteristics, the German motley giant meat is considered the best rabbit meat in the world. Breeding of this large animal is developed in Western Europe and the USA, and its carcasses are sold in supermarkets around the world.
It is not recommended to breed motley builders as a decorative breed. Despite the fact that they are docile in nature, their maintenance is very expensive, since it requires serious financial investments.
Rabbits are gaining weight quickly and children are hard to hold on their hands, and falling to the floor, animals can break bones that grow very slowly.
The large size of the cells does not allow them to be installed in residential premises, and the low tolerance of temperatures above + 1 + -20 degrees Celsius can result in heat stroke and death by rabbits.
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