Selection work on the breeding of turkeys today is carried out by many foreign and domestic companies. One of them is British United Turkeys LTD, an English company that launched the most popular lines of BYuT 8, BYuT 9 and BIG 6 crosses. Thanks to Big 6 turkeys, thanks to many qualities, they are the most popular in the world today. A full description of this species is presented in our review.
Despite numerous advantages, in our country Big 6 turkeys are bred and kept few. This is due to two reasons: a lack of information and an undeveloped poultry industry (compared to chickens). However, Big 6 is not just perfect, but a very good bird for home breeding. According to the testimonials of breeders, these turkeys are early ripening, unpretentious in nutrition, and in addition to tasty juicy meat they give eggs, feathers and down. It should be noted that the cross BIG-6 is the most difficult type among all turkeys.
Rapid growth, weight gain and high productive qualities made this breed the most popular in many countries of the world, especially in Europe. Birds belong to the group of heavyweight lines and were bred by the British company British United Turkeys Limited.
As seen in the photo, representatives of the Big 6 breed are large massive birds of white plumage with a small head, but a very stocky body. You can distinguish a male from a female by a beautiful lush plumage on the tail. When these turkeys fluff up, they become like a big downy ball. By the way, the down of these birds is very much appreciated, as it is light and very soft.
On average, turkeys of BIG-6 breed can reach 23-25 kilograms, females are able to gain up to 11 kilograms. Anatomically, the features of this breed include the following features:
- wide and convex chest;
- big wings;
- thick and powerful legs;
- males have a very well developed decoration on the head and neck;
- bright red beard and earrings are characteristic of good bird health.
This cross turkey is a kind of record among all domestic animals and birds in terms of output of the total mass. It is 80-85%. On the productivity of the breed can indicate a cessation of growth to 100 days of age. This suggests that the bird can already be sent to the face.
Turkey eggs are especially appreciated for their unsurpassed taste. Many would agree that they are much tastier than chicken. At the peak of eggplant cycle productivity, the female is able to produce about 100 eggs. At the same time there is a high percentage of survival of turkey poults.
On average, 1 kg of bird weight gain takes about two kilograms of feed.
At 3 months of age, chicks may reach 4.5 kg in weight. Five-month turkey poults BIG-6 already weigh about 12 kg. If these are broilers that are the result of crossing lightweight crosses, then in this case their growth is somewhat slower. Up to 8 weeks, they can gain as little as 2-2.5 kg.
In our country, the URSDON enterprise in the Rostov region is the most successful in breeding this type of turkey. There the bird began to be selected.
Keeping and breeding at home
To get hybrid turkeys that will delight with their productive characteristics, it is necessary to cross the light-line females with the males of the heavy BIG-6 lines. To grow at home is better to take turkeys of three weeks of age. They are kept on the floor, where the bedding straw. It must be clean and dense enough.
Also at home breeding, preference is sometimes given to the cellular content of birds. To please them in terms of care is not easy. After the appearance of turkeys BIG 6 and their cultivation can cause some difficulties, but everyone can cope with this problem with a great desire.
It is worth noting that young animals are gaining weight very quickly. Thus, it is possible to avoid serious financial costs in connection with feeding the birds. If these are broiler turkeys, then they will be able to grow quickly using intensive technology. The room where the chicks will be located should be thoroughly treated with disinfectants. After that, it needs to warm up. In the house should be drinking bowls and containers for feeding poults.
During the first 2 weeks it is very important to control the temperature of the air. It is necessary to start from +30 degrees and gradually lower to +22 degrees. In addition, young animals are required to provide a 12-hour light day. On the other features of the content, see the video from the author Lubov Kriuk.
Feeding poults is desirable to carry out at the same time. It is better to give them feed. For a start, wheat with chopped boiled eggs and cereals. Such food contributes to the stimulation of digestive processes.
From the 3rd day, the turkey can be fed with grated carrots, and from the 4th day - chopped finely greens. Particular attention should be paid to the freshness of food, because turkeys of breed BIG-6 have a predisposition to intestinal disorders. It is worth noting that an excessive amount of greens in the diet can cause blockage of the gastrointestinal tract in turkeys.
Mature individuals are fed corn, barley, and wheat grains. Throughout the day, the young bird can be given wheat bran, fish or meat and bone meal, cake. As soon as the birds empty the feeders, it is necessary to add dry food to them. Broilers should be fed minerals.