Broiler is a broad concept and unites all meat breeds to poultry. In most cases, these breeds are derived by piece. Broiler ducks are no exception.
Ancestors of all broiler breeds of ducks are considered two breeds. This is Beijing White and American Musk. The Beijing species is more common, and also on its base in England, quite popular today in Europe was created, and not only the Cherry Valley cross. This cross is marked by rather rapid growth and excellent taste of meat and duck liver.
Their American counterparts, Muscovy ducks, meat has a more specific taste and resembles the meat of wild birds in taste. They do not need reservoirs, but they practically do not tolerate freezing temperatures. The weight of such a duck will be within 3 kg, and the drake - 6 kg. The French also contributed to the creation of new, more productive crosses. Today, the cross "Mulard" is considered quite popular.
It was created on the basis of two previous broiler breeds, namely Beijing and Muskous. A distinctive feature is the very fast weight gain ducklings with any feeding. Also, the meat of this cross-country is practically defatted and is a dietary product. But they can be bred only by piecemeal, as the female is initially sterile. In addition to these crosses on the territory of the former CIS, their no less productive breeds were bred.
These include: "Medeo", "Blagovarsky", "Black and White Breast", etc. Most of these crosses are derived from the Beijing breed. On average, they are all quite productive at the lowest cost of feed, and also not very demanding in the content. By 50 days of age, the weight of the duckling reaches an average of 3.5-4.0 kg, which is a pretty good indicator.
Recommendations for growing
Broiler ducks are predominantly farmed. For this, a rather large room is allocated for their content. It should be dry and pre-disinfected, as well as with a well-established ventilation system. The floor is covered with a bed of shavings, straw or peat, about 15 cm thick. Lay a layer of lime-fuzzy bedding for disinfection and dampness. Its consumption is about a half a kilogram per square meter of floor.
During duck rearing, litter is gradually rising. The approximate consumption of litter material for the entire period of broilers is approximately 10 kg per 1 bird. Air exchange in the summer in the room should be approximately 6 cubic meters. per hour per kilogram of live weight in the summer and up to 1 cubic meter. at one o'clock in winter. Humidity can vary from 65% to 75%.
It is also worth remembering that growing broiler ducks for more than three months is not worth it. After this period, they begin to grow "blocks", which are quite hard to pull out. Because of this, their carcass loses its presentation. It will be useful to give small gravel to birds from the 21st day of their life. The diameter of the gravel particles should not exceed 3.5 mm. It is given once a week based on the rate of 1 kg per 100 animals.
Table 1 Content standardsTable of norms on the content of broiler ducks
It is also worth remembering that when overcrowded, a duck feels rather bad and does not add much weight. Therefore, it is recommended to respect the placement rate of the broiler population per 1 sq. M. So, up to the twenty-day age of 1 square. m will easily fit up to 16 pcs. birds, and after this age the best option would be up to 8 ducks per 1 square. m
Feeding tips for proper and maximum rapid growth
The guarantee of health and rapid growth is also proper feeding. Ducklings should definitely feed in their first 18 hours of life. The first feeding can be done crumbled on finely boiled eggs. Then add some solid feed to them. And you can immediately start with the starting feed, this option will be even more correct.
Tab. 2. The norms of the content of nutrients in the diet of poultryTable of norms of the content of nutrients in the diet of poultry
Tab. 3. The approximate increase in 1 bird with proper feeding.Table of the approximate increase in 1 bird with proper feeding
Tab. 4. Feeding regulationsTable of norms for feeding broiler ducks
Tab. 5. Recommended therapeutic and preventive measuresTable of recommended therapeutic and preventive measures
Experienced poultry farmers argue that it is advisable to feed in feed only to three weeks of age. Then you need to go on feeding grain, but it must be done smoothly, otherwise the bird can pretty lose weight. Broiler duck breeds are also herbivores. Therefore, you can feed them with any pasture, but then they will gain weight longer and may not achieve optimal growth.