Among the relatives of the largest in the world are rabbits of the breed Risen. The first mention of them dates back to the XVI century. The advantage of these animals is considered a large weight of adults, excellent meat characteristics and good adaptation to different climatic conditions. In fact, the breed line can surely be called universal. This feature was the key to its fame and spread throughout the planet.
From the history of the breed
The progenitors of the Rabbit breed Risen are the Belgian flanders. The animals were large in size and had a characteristic feature - thick silver fur. The weight of an adult individual could reach 6 kg.
In the XIX century, the Flemish rabbits were brought to Germany. Local breeders set out to draw on their basis their own breed line, which has unique characteristics. The Germans have succeeded in this business - and this is how the Reesen breed appeared, which received recognition all over the world.
The new genetic line of rabbits differs from its ancestors in impressive dimensions. Weight over 7 kg. The official registration of "Deutsche-Riesen" took place in 1937. Since then, no significant changes have been made to the characteristics of the breed.
Despite the official recognition of the line and the presence of their own breed standards, some breeders still believe that German Riesen is only a subspecies of the Belgian flandre.
Varieties of German giants and breed standards
Rabbits of the Rizen breed are among the largest eared birds that can be grown at home. Bred animals in order to obtain a tasty dietary meat and valuable fur.
Risen rabbit has its own characteristics, so it is easy to distinguish it from representatives of other breeds. Consider approved standards:
- torso elongated, about 75 cm in length;
- musculature well developed;
- head is large, voluminous, with powerful cheeks;
- rabbit eyes wide set, rich brown;
- ears long, dense, erect - 17-20 cm;
- developed chest, in girth of at least 40 cm;
- rabbit paws are well developed, thick, powerful;
- the fur is thick, short, the length of the villi does not exceed 4 cm;
- body weight - 8-15 kg.
There are several varieties of this breed line. The main characteristic in this matter is color. By the way, during breeding a lot of attention was paid to the color of the rabbit's “coat”, since the large size of adult individuals makes their pelts especially valuable.
Usually the rabbit Riesen has a gray, so-called, “rabbit” fur. This color is recognized as standard for this line. In addition, the description of the breed contains information about other colors of wool - black, blue, white and red.
Riesen rabbits, painted white, are the result of spontaneous mutation of genes responsible for color.
Representatives of the breed with amber-colored fur coats are also called gold rizen. Some breeders are trying to present them as a separate species of giant from Germany. But in fact, this classification is erroneous, since the difference lies solely in the color of wool.
Additional information about the breed
Rizena amaze with their dimensions. But in the content they are quite demanding. Yes, and early ripening them just can not be called. The approximate ratio of the body weight of a rabbit relative to its age, for convenience, will be shown in the table:
At the same time, the newborn rabbit weighs only about 90 g. But the fat and nourishing mother's milk allows him to grow literally by the hour.
Considering the features of the species, it is possible to distinguish the fecundity of females in the breed - in one litter there are 10-12 young rabbits. Rabbits are very good mothers, so almost all babies survive.
But special reproductive patterns of rapid increase in livestock with this breed line are incompatible. The minimum break between okrolami is 10 months. This characteristic for many rabbit breeders is a significant disadvantage, and it forces one to make a choice in favor of another breed.
Females become sexually mature at the age of 9 months. It is important to choose the right breeding individuals - they must be completely healthy and exactly meet the breed standards. Age plays a role, both for the male and for the female.
In the cage where the couple sits, there should be no distractions - even water and food are forbidden. The male is always the first to run in the aviary, and only then the female. If you do the opposite, the rabbit rizen will begin to defend its territory and will not allow the crawl.
A suckling female needs a separate spacious cage. At the moment when it begins to form a nest for litter, it is important to provide it with a sufficient amount of “building materials” - hay and soft straw. It is not recommended to help the female to be eaten during the okrol process - if there is a human smell on the babies, the mother will refuse them and will not feed them.
Requirements for conditions of detention
Rabbit breed Risen different kind and calm nature. For this reason, they are often turned up as pets. But if there are small children in the house, the German giant, while playing, may accidentally injure them. The physical strength of the animal is definitely worth considering.
Riseny demanding conditions of detention. The calculation of the required area is made on the basis of 100x110x70 cm space per adult beast. The rabbits will need more space - 170x110x50 cm.
If there is not enough space in the cage, the rabbit will become apathetic and he will quickly develop obesity.
It is important to equip a spacious enclosure for daily walks. Only he should be protected from drafts and direct sunlight. These natural factors are detrimental to rabbits.
In the course of breeding the breeding line, it was possible to achieve a strong immunity in animals - the riesenes are practically not susceptible to diseases, it is fairly easy to tolerate small frosts. But for the winter they will definitely need a warm room, well protected from the wind and heated in especially cold frosts. Comfortable air temperature for rabbits is 19 degrees.
German giants of the Riesen breed are demanding for cleanliness - dampness and dirt become the reason for a decrease in immunity. Be sure to worry about good ventilation. Musty indoor air can provoke various diseases in rabbits. In addition, every 6 months the premises must be completely disinfected - this is an effective preventive measure against many infectious diseases.
The first vaccination of rabbits is performed when they reach the age of 6 weeks. There are only two required vaccinations in the list - UGBC and against myxomatosis. In the case of raising animals of this breed in the pit, a vaccination against rabies is sure to be added.
Cultivation and feeding of rabbits of the Riesen breed practically does not differ from the content of other breeds. The difference lies precisely in the dimensions of the pet - he needs more space and food, respectively, too.
The diet of the rabbit should be varied and provide the animal with all the necessary minerals and vitamins. The approximate daily menu for the meat giant is hay, silage, ready-made feed and fresh water.
As a top dressing, you can use fresh vegetables and fruits, sprigs of fruit trees and willows, tops, bark, and pine needles. Greens are better to give a little dried - this product is easier absorbed by the rabbit's digestive system.
If the grass is wet from dew or rain, its use can cause bloating and even death of the rabbit. Feeding rizenov with greens of leguminous plants will help to increase the growth rate of young individuals. For a quick weight gain, you can add boiled vegetables - potatoes, carrots, beets to the diet, mixing them with ready-made feed.
For water, too, there are certain requirements. It is better to take it from the source, boiled or filtered liquid does not contain the necessary trace elements and oxygen particles.
How to choose tribal representatives
Experts advise for breeding to buy young rabbits from spring litters. This choice is justified by the fact that at this time of the year the ration of animals is more diverse and full, due to the presence of a large amount of useful greens. Spring rabbits are always stronger and more winter.
The optimal age for buying impressed - 4 months. It is important that the breeder has a good reputation and can provide all the necessary documents for young rabbits, including the vaccination card.
If there is such an opportunity, independently select rabbits from different litters. Do not buy too calm animals, as well as those who are trying to hide in a corner.
The rabbit must have a normal physique, not be too thin, but without signs of obesity. Some unscrupulous breeders can write off thinness as an active growth of an individual. But this statement is fundamentally wrong, and the savings on the nutrition of young animals will negatively affect the future growth of the giant.
The hair of a healthy rabbit is smooth, uniform, shiny. Discharge from the nose, eyes and ears are missing. Look at the front paws - if the villi are stuck together, the animal cleans its nose or eyes, and the visual purity of the animal during the inspection indicates the courtesy of the owner. From the purchase on this farm should be abandoned.
Do not forget to inspect the mouth of the rabbit. Bite defects indicate that further problems with teeth and nutrition will arise.
Get acquainted with other species of giant rabbits in the article "Description of the German variegated giant builder."
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