For many years of its existence, dwarf chickens have managed to establish themselves well both in home breeding conditions and for industrial purposes. No wonder why there are so many varieties of small dwarf chickens in the world today. Almost every favorite breed has its own mini-analog.
Despite its small height and weight, most of the dwarf breeds have good productive qualities. So, with proper care and compliance with all the rules, one mini-layer is capable of producing up to 130 eggs a year weighing about 40-50 grams. Not every ordinary chicken can boast of such excellent opportunities.
Their outstanding appearance and accuracy are also recognized by many lovers of decorative birds. For example, such breeds as Bentamka, Welzumer, Paduan and Phoenix are the most popular today.
Like ordinary chickens, dwarfs are also divided into two types: egg and meat-egg. Among the breeds with improved first productive qualities, the Dutch Belokhlahlaya, the Small Golosheyka and Oryol are the most famous. As a wonderful source of valuable meat in our country, the dwarf Wyandot and Brama has proved itself. Consider different breeds in more detail.
This breed of small chickens was bred in Germany in 1930 on the basis of large native birds. Official recognition was received only in 1947, when the selection work was fully completed. Today, these poultry are also popular in Germany and some European countries, which cannot be said about Russia. Our breed can be found quite rarely and then in separate collections of amateur breeders.
Not having a fairly bright and catchy appearance, among lovers of ornamental chickens, Velzumer is valued for its harmonious body structure and beautiful mosaic plumage pattern. The color is dominated by the usual natural orange color, for example, a popular variant - rust-kuropatchaty. The mass of chickens does not exceed 1.2 kilograms.
These dwarf birds have pronounced decorative features (as can be seen in the photo), therefore they are bred as decorations for the bird yard. The main external features are a convex chest, a proud stance, a small tuft and increased plumage on the legs. This bird was bred at the end of the last century in the Altai Territory on the basis of the usual dwarf Benthamk.
The productivity of chickens is low - only 70 eggs per year with a low weight - 40 grams. However, this does not prevent the bird to be popular in narrow circles. Individuals with pale-brown or variegated plumage are especially appreciated. These birds are frequent guests of all kinds of Russian exhibitions.
Shabo is a small, very unusual, but beautiful breed of chickens of Japanese origin. The main direction of breeding - decorative, as the bird does not have good productive performance. What, of course, can not be said about her appearance. The main and very rare feature of these mini-hens is the body with short legs and an almost upright tail.
The long breeding work inside the breed allowed us to create a variety of bird plumage options, which makes them even more attractive and unusual. For example, today there are representatives with smooth plumage, curly, as well as with a special silky. There are many colors. Most popular: yellow, white, gold, black, silver, white, black-tailed, yellow with a black tail. Rare colors of birch and porcelain are highly appreciated.
Many have heard about this breed of chickens, as it has a special external quality - the absence of feathers on the neck. Such birds with a congenital holosheosti gene were bred in Eastern Europe and are distinguished by high abilities to withstand hot weather. Later, on the basis of the usual breed dwarf birds were obtained. They also have good egg production (about 120 eggs per year), for which they have gained popularity among private breeders.
Seabright is a dwarf ornamental chicken, bred in England as far back as 1815. Little is known about this breed in our country, however, they are in the lead among connoisseurs of unusual birds. Seabright is one of the smallest hens. The weight of an adult rooster rarely exceeds 500 grams, females - 450 grams. Chickens are very small eggs - only 30 grams. These are unusual birds that bring affection to everyone who meets them for the first time. The color is silver and gold.