The name of the rabbit Poltava silver owe unusual color of fur. The main advantages of the breed are their ripening and ruggedness. This characteristic is justified by the fact that the line was created specifically for growing in the factory. At the moment, domestic giants are not too popular both on large farms and in personal farmsteads. What is the reason for the decline in the interest of rabbit breeders, and what advantages the breed has, let's talk in the article.
The history of the breed
Silver rabbit breeds are the result of the work of domestic breeders. Official registration took place in 1952.
It is interesting, but two teams of zoologists from Poltava and Tula worked on the creation of a new breed line. Everything was “in the best traditions” of the Soviet Union, and the battle between nurseries was gambling. The winners were Ukrainian zoologists. Therefore, the Poltava silvery rabbits became.
The basis of the new subspecies were champagne rabbits, originally from France. Rather, it was based solely on the color of the animals. The remaining characteristics had to be carefully refined.
First of all, the forces of zoologists were aimed at increasing the size of rabbits and improving the quality of their fur. The French ancestors were heat-loving animals, so during the selection, in parallel, it was necessary to increase the acclimatization abilities of the new breed.
The rabbit large light silver (BSS) and European silver are representatives of the same natural line.
Another silver rabbit can be called Soviet, Poltava or ordinary. To say that this species is not quite true breed - the characteristics of individuals are identical, just in different breeding farms they were given different names. For example, in Poltava, they are often called large silver giants, and the Russian name of the same species is Soviet silver.
Appearance and breed standards
All rabbits of breed silver giant have a characteristic shade of fur. The tone may be different - from light to dark, but a smoky shade is necessarily present.
The fur color is uneven - darker on the limbs, the edges of the ears, nose and tail. The contrast is especially noticeable in rabbits with wool of light tones.
Silver rabbit owes its color to the combination of different tones of hair. For example, the guide filaments are the darkest, the marginal hairs are white, and the down hairs are smoky blue. The combination of three shades and gives a characteristic silver color.
It is the heterogeneity of the color of the coat that is the main distinguishing feature of the representatives of this breed.
Description of the rabbit breed Soviet Silver contains the following items:
- the body is harmoniously folded, with the correct proportions, slightly elongated, length - from 53 to 58 cm;
- head medium sized, slightly elongated;
- small ears, erect;
- the back is wide, straight;
- hoisted steady, large, strong;
- rounded back - arched type.
The silver rabbit can grow up to 7 kg, but more often the weight varies between 5.5-6.6 kg.
What is the value of the skin
The breed of rabbits Poltava silver valued for high-quality skins of large size. The special color of fur allows you to use them for sewing fur products without tinting. The result is a thing with a natural shade, which is much more valued.
The market value of the silver rabbit fur is very high. The main characteristics are dense, very thick and soft hair.
Breeders who grow rabbits with the purpose of obtaining skins, for posterity cross one light and one dark individual.
This selection allows you to get offspring with fur beautiful shades. The connection of monophonic parents is practiced in the meat cultivation of this breed line.
On the farms, where the Poltava silver giants continue to be bred, the tendency to saturate the skins with predominantly dark tones is clearly visible. Experts explain this feature by mixing in blood of other breeds.
The main characteristics of the breed line
The silver rabbit is very good-natured in nature. Much gentle and tender even for most dwarf species. In addition, it is characterized by high intelligence and a complete lack of aggression towards the owners. The combination of these qualities makes the content of the Poltava giant as a pet especially pleasant.
The Poltava silver breed, rabbits of which are very attached to their masters, is characterized by the distrustful attitude of individuals towards strangers. Sometimes, they even show belligerence. Especially if the "stranger", in the opinion of Fluffy, wants to stroke or take him in his arms.
The young silver giants contained as pets are very playful and active. They are happy to take part in children's fun. At the same time, in their love for affection and tenderness, they are not inferior to cats. The rabbit can lie in the hands of the owner for a long time, enjoying the fact that he scratched his face and neck.
Rabbits of breed Poltava silver are very fond of space and conditions as close as possible to the wild nature. Dilution of this line, subject to keeping animals in cramped cages, leads to a decrease in productivity.
The productivity of silver (another name of the line) is 57-60%. Per kilogram of weight gain requires 2.5-3.5 feed units. Slaughter can be carried out as early as 3-4 months.
Silver giant rabbit breed is recognized as dietary and recommended for baby food. Meat carcasses are distinguished by excellent presentation - muscular and with a moderate fat layer.
Features of the content and nutrition
As mentioned above, the peculiarity of the breed line is the love of freedom and spaciousness. For this reason it is recommended to breed the species according to the shed system.
Given that silver rabbits are highly resistant to frost, it is not necessary to additionally equip the sheds (residential complexes with cages) in a warm room. The construction of a special "winter road" is a necessity only in regions that are characterized by a harsh winter with severe frosts.
Installation of cells should be performed in a place protected from wind and sun. The optimum temperature of the air in the rabbit house +20 degrees. Salvation from the heat will be the system of additional ventilation and special awnings.
In general, silver rabbits are absolutely not demanding, which makes their breeding easy and understandable even for beginner breeders. The main conditions that must be met:
- spacious and clean room;
- A sufficient amount of high-quality fresh food;
- protection from heat and frost;
- timely vaccination;
- regular disinsection of cells.
Considering the eating habits of Poltava rabbits, you can see the trail of Soviet breeders. The basis of the diet is meadow grass - both green and dried. Green food is introduced into the diet in small portions, with a slight increase. Otherwise, diarrhea may develop.
Silver rabbits are among night animals. As the sun goes down, their food activity rises. Therefore, it is evening feeding that should be given special attention.
With pleasure, silver giants absorb corn silage, bran, special feed, legumes, carrots, potatoes, fruit tree twigs and pine needles. A variety of food is the key to the health of rabbits and allows them to quickly build muscle mass.
Compared to other breeds, giants love water and drink it a lot. Therefore, there should always be clean spring water at an optimal temperature. With an insufficient amount of drinking water, the process of digesting food becomes more complicated.
How to breed a breed
Poltava silvery rabbits are among the early maturity. They reach sexual maturity at the age of 4 months. By this time, the average weight of an individual is 2.5 kg. It is this kind of body weight that is considered ideal for little rabbits.
The gestation period lasts exactly one month. Due to this, one female brings 4-5 litters per year. Under the right conditions of maintenance, on the next day after hatching, the female begins estrus. The number of baby rabbits in one litter is from 8 to 15.
Choosing rabbits of this breed for breeding, you should opt for young individuals at the age of 4 months. When buying Poltava giants with little rabbits, it is much more difficult to accurately determine their color - it changes as they mature.
The fur of the breeding rabbit should be thick, short, uniform. The eyes are dark brown. Pay attention to the color of claws, it should be rich black.
Silver giants are very inquisitive and sociable, therefore, when meeting people, they rarely get into corners, preferring to take a direct part in acquaintance.
On the pros and cons of the breed
In conclusion, we consider the advantages and disadvantages of the Poltava silver breed. The main advantages are precociousness, unpretentiousness, high fecundity, excellent quality of meat and valuable pelts. Agree, the set of characteristics is really unique.
Of course, today there are breeds of rabbits, which give more meat, and more valuable skins. And this explains the decline in the popularity of the Poltava line. But, competing domestic giants, in most cases, are hybrids, the maintenance and breeding of which is associated with significant material costs.
Breeding individuals of the rabbit Poltava silver are not uncommon on the territory of our country, so their price is affordable. Yes, and for feeding you will not have to use expensive feed, which also has a positive effect on the overall budget of this activity. Especially when it comes to small farms.
According to reviews of experienced rabbit breeders who have considerable experience in growing the Poltava giants, this breed has no disadvantages. You can compare them with other members of the hare family by reading the article "Rabbits of the largest breeds".
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