Someone starts egg breeds of chicken, others are engaged in breeding meat. Chickens Brahma are perhaps the brightest and the best representatives of this group. However, despite its popularity, it is quite difficult to raise chickens at home.
Pomrama chickens are birds of American origin. For the first time they were withdrawn and brought from North America, but in just a couple of decades they gained universal popularity. Both small households and large farms are engaged in their breeding. The forefathers of Brahma are the gray Cochins and gray Malay chickens.
Brahma are light and dark. The first are distinguished by silvery-white feathers and a beautiful ashy primary color. Dark birds have black stripes as well as a dark tail. These representatives are distinguished by their robust physique, stocky limbs and thick feathers.
By their natural qualities, Brahma is distinguished by a strong instinct for hatching, however, for these purposes they are used little, due to too much weight. According to reviews, more often for hatching eggs, they place the Brahma crossbreed with other small egg breeds.
Birds mature and grow slowly; they also begin to rush late - at about 8 months. Even in the most mature age, they rush a little, on average only 100 eggs per year. But the weight is gaining well and in three years can weigh from 3 to 4 kilograms. There is a rather ridiculous fact that the roosters of the dark Brahma are so heavy that they have a bad footing.
So, as you already understood the chicken Brahma - these are big poultry. They have a stocky body, but the head is quite neat, with a well-developed prominent forehead, prominent brow brows. Comb low with a clear division into three parts. Chickens have a beautiful fluffy plumage, due to which they seem even larger. Especially well developed mane, which covers the shoulders.
Character and way of life
Of course, every breeder should, before purchasing chickens, learn about the features of their lifestyle. As for this breed, the chickens are very calm, balanced, slightly phlegmatic. For walking more prefer small open-air cages with places for shelter. As practice shows, Brahma is an easy-to-trust bird, a gullible one, that is why it is so popular among home feathered fans.
A bit of history
Although North America is considered to be the birthplace of the breed, some specialists call the place of origin of chickens Brama New York. In their opinion, it was there that, for the first time in 1846, their breeding began. There is a version that the ship of these first big ashen birds came from India.
Today's breeders support this view, explaining that such a large weight and large body was necessary for birds to survive in the harsh mountains of Tibet. Whether this is true or not, we do not know for certain, but the first names of the breed Brahma - Brahmaputra. The conclusion is obvious, it is authentically known that the ancestors of these chickens are Asian birds with feathered legs.
Care and maintenance
The main feature of this breed is that they are very large and heavy. Of course, this characteristic determines the special rules of their content. If you do not follow these simple rules, as evidenced by the reviews, the birds are sick and do not bring profit.
- Brama requires special perches. If you have regular egg breed chickens, these birds need to be kept somewhat differently. The perches for these Asian birds should be low, no more than 40 centimeters from the floor and wide, about 30 centimeters. It is desirable to have them on three sides of the house.
- Breed in need of abundant feeding. Brama is a true gourmet, so in order to preserve their natural beauty, the owner will have to spend money. Up to 6 months, the birds need to be fed often and feed for chickens.
- In the Brahm’s diet, the main ingredient is protein; it is good to add even fish oil as a top dressing.
- Since 8 months, the indispensable and permanent ingredient of this breed is calcium. He in the form of egg shells or shells should always be in the feeders.
Well, in principle, these are all the main features of the content of these chickens. Like everyone else, they also need proper care, hygiene, attention and care.