Is it possible to give chicks green onions or, for example, nettles? When is it better to include components of the adult menu, and how to feed the chicks correctly? In this review, we will describe which products must necessarily be in the "children's" menu, and which ones should be avoided.
Whole grain is an important component in the nutrition of adult chickens. For chickens, it is also almost the main component of the diet. However, babies are starting to be offered at the age of one and a half months. Until that time, only crushed kernels can be given in the form of small and medium grains. Corn and wheat grains, as well as oatmeal and millet are perfect for this purpose.
Grain should be introduced into the lure gradually, increasing the dose weekly. During the day one week old chicken should receive grain in the amount of 24 grams. For individuals of one month of age, the dose should be increased to 32 grams. From two months it should be 45 grams. Usually, yeast is added to the grain.
Millet and peas: yes or no?
Millet is a favorite delicacy of chickens, therefore many poultry farmers safely include it in the diet of babies. It is worth noting that millet contains an impressive amount of protein, and he, in turn, is the main building material for muscles. In addition, this product is rich in vitamins of group B.
It can be given to babies the next day after their birth. Some breeders combine millet with corn, semolina and wheat cereals. Millet before this should be steamed, so that the hens' organism quickly and better absorbed it. It is simply poured boiling water, and then left to infuse until the cereal swells.
Also, millet is used to make mash. For these purposes, you can use yeast, herbs, cottage cheese, grass flour, sorrel. Do not give the chickens boiled millet, because due to the increased amount of starch they can stick their beaks. Millet is given at the rate of 2 grams per 1 chick. This applies to daily babies, weekly chickens millet can already be given in the amount of 3 grams per individual.
The source of protein is pea. Therefore, it must also be given to the birds. Moreover, pea is a fairly common plant in the household. It also contains lysine, which is an essential amino acid. This substance provides a full growth of muscle mass. Therefore, peas should definitely be in the diet of meat and broiler chickens.
Enter the peas in the chicks menu correctly for 10 days of their life. It is better to take crushed or chop yourself into fine grains. Peas should be offered in small portions due to the fact that it has a rather peculiar odor that frightens off babies. Normally, peas should be 10% by weight of the grain mixture.
Protein and mineral supplements
To chickens fully developed, their diet must be varied and enriched with vitamins and minerals. For this, experts advise to use cottage cheese, shell and sand. But should all these additives be given to the chickens, and if so, when?
Mineral supplements should be entered in the menu of birds on the fifth day of their life, and protein supplements - on the second day. Especially important for chickens cottage cheese. It has calcium, as well as vitamin D, which helps strengthen the bone tissue of birds.
Shell must choose crushed. It is poured into separate feeders, allowing the kids to collect individual grains of sand. The shell can also be replaced by sand. However, it is not necessary to choose fine-grained sand, because it can cause obstruction as a result of the fact that goiter clogs up in Kurchat. Sand can still be combined with gravel or chalk.
It is worth noting that gravel is much more useful than sand. It helps cleanse the esophagus of chicks and improves food milling.
What about yeast?
Yeast begins to offer chickens from the eighth day. They provide a quick set of body weight and muscle growth in chickens. Yeast is used in combination with grains or cereals in the preparation of mash beans. For mixing on 10 individuals it is necessary 1 tsp. yeast.
It is worth noting that yeast improves digestion. Chickens sometimes for these purposes also give bread or crackers. Before preparing the mash, they must be soaked. Yeast is also contained in breadcrumbs and bread, but for chickens, experts say, it is still better to use less finished bread. Occasionally you can pour crumb crackers.
Do you include yeast or dry bread (crumb) in your diet?Poll
Greens: what is permissible to give?
To grow strong chickens, their feed must be nutritious and balanced. It is very important to include greens in the menu of birds. Especially useful onions and green onions, sorrel and cabbage. These plants are given in pure form or added in powdered form in a bean.
Green and bulb onions are introduced into the diet of chicks at the age of 5 months. It is used as a prevention of worms and intestinal diseases. Many farmers grow onions at their summer cottage and even at home on the window. Before offering them to the chickens, the plant is crushed and added to the mash. But onions (feathers) should not exceed 6 grams per 1 individual.
Experts advise to diversify the nutrition of chickens cabbage. Chicks are given it when they reach five days of age. Cabbage finely chopped and added in the cooking process mash. For 10 individuals, 1 tsp is enough. cabbage mass. But it is better to take young and soft leaves, or use the Beijing variety.
Many such plants as celandine are known as medicinal, however, it is highly undesirable to give it to chickens, as it is dangerous for growing babies. After all, no wonder he is classified as poisonous. It is important to ensure that the celandine was absent from the area where the chickens are walking. In addition, meadow buttercup and spoiled grass are also dangerous for chickens.
Celandine requires a particularly serious attitude. Some poultry farmers consider it appropriate to include it in the hens ’diet. It is used for the prevention of various ailments. However, it should be understood that celandine contains about 20 alkaloids, which when overdose is a powerful poison.
Mankind has long used this plant for medicinal purposes. After all, celandine has in its composition also useful components represented by vitamins, essential oils, flavonoids and organic acids. But this does not mean that he will bring undeniable benefits to the chickens. Celandine does have a healing effect, though only when applied externally. But very useful for the chicks will be plants such as dandelion, nettle, sprat, sorrel and ordinary meadow grass.
Before the introduction of a product, you need to make sure that its dosage is calculated correctly. Birds desirable to feed a variety of foods. Of great importance is the freshness and quality of food. These points should be given increased attention.