Choosing a breed of bees: Karpatka and Central Russian


When choosing the optimal type of bees, beekeepers are guided by their productive characteristics and adaptation to their habitat conditions. However, before giving preference to a particular variant, it is necessary to study the characteristics of each breed. In this review, we will look at how the Karpatka bee differs from the Central Russian one.

Features breed Karpatka

This species of bees received this name due to the fact that it was first discovered in the Carpathians. It happened at the end of the 20th century. It is surprising that at that time this breed was on the verge of extinction, but it managed to be preserved thanks to the numerous works of specialists. Insect has spread throughout the world. He is valued for his calm character, impressive productivity, peacefulness and insignificant efficiency.

Appearance and productivity

Chitin working individuals painted in gray. The average weight of the bees is about 110 mg. They have a rather long proboscis, the length of which can reach 7 mm. It is worth noting that the uterus can weigh about 185 mg, and during the egg period, its weight may well increase to 260 mg. And sometimes this figure even reaches 302 mg.

The uterus is able to lay about 1800 eggs, and it is only for a day. Such fertility is really worthy of respect. Moreover, the productivity indicator can change upwards. As a rule, this occurs during the period of active honey collection. Externally, the uterus is quite large, painted in black or dark cherry color.

If we compare with other breeds, the Carpathian bee is distinguished by its early development. Even at a young age, she begins to fly out to collect pollen and nectar. It is often used in greenhouses as a pollinator of plants.

Advantages and disadvantages

Among the advantages that distinguish the Carpathian breed of bees, should include its peacefulness and tranquility. In addition, its representatives are content with even a small number of honey plants as compared to Central Russian bees and are entrepreneurial in finding plants for nectar. On average, productivity is about 40 kg of honey. However, there were cases when the output of beekeepers received 80 kg, but this is rather an exception to the rule.

These bees tolerate transportation and pollinate legumes best. They are sealed honeycomb "dry" way. Their endurance is also worth noting: these insects are able to adequately tolerate wet winters even with sharp temperature changes. Moreover, they develop very quickly with the arrival of spring.

Among the shortcomings that the Carpathian breed of bees possesses, from the reviews of the beekeepers are the following:

  • prone to theft, therefore, problems may arise during the inspection, when bribes are still missing;
  • prone to the disease that causes the wax moth. Therefore, it is very important to take proper measures to eliminate pests that destroy cells;
  • no matter the pollen is harvested.

In order to find out how the family of this breed is developing, we suggest watching the following video. (The author - the Garden and a kitchen garden - an adventure of the townspeople)

Central Russian breed - the choice of professionals

There are mainly in Ukraine, Belarus, Russia in the southern Urals and in Bashkiria. These insects are distinguished by good endurance. They are also valued for their resistance to diseases such as Nosematosis and Fade Toxicosis. Separate attention deserves impressive productivity, which is typical for each season, regardless of weather conditions.

Appearance and productivity

The Central Russian bee has a length of 14 mm, and the size of the proboscis reaches 6 mm. It is painted in gray or black. The mass of the fetal uterus is 210 mg, and the barren - 190 mg. Representatives of the Central Russian breed are not as royal as southern bees. However, it is worth noting that the transition from the state of swarming to the honey collection is very problematic.

The uterus of this breed is characterized by good fertility. She is able to lay about 2500 eggs per day. Despite the fact that with the arrival of spring, the bee families of the Central Russian breed develop later than the southern "brethren", they finish the development by the middle of June. When breeding insects master mainly the upper frame of the frame, and there is no need to take additional measures for this.

Advantages and disadvantages

Among the advantages that Middle-Russian bees differ in is the fact that their nest always remains in excellent condition, they propolis well and protect it. Even they have almost no tendency to steal. On average, the indicators of honey productivity are within 28 kg. During the season it is possible to get 41 kg of honey from one family.

Central Russian workers are very aggressive and quickly react to external stimuli - this is their main drawback.

Reviews of experienced beekeepers say that the Central Russian breed of bees is really a worthy option for breeding, however, some people have difficulties because of the aggressiveness of families, which is simply impossible to approach. Inspection is problematic to carry out without smoke, because at the slightest danger insects become aggressive and restless. However, many reviews confirm the fact of high productivity of this breed. On a meager bribe, its representatives are able to bring up to 50 kg of honey.

What would you like to breed a bee in your apiary?

  • Carpathian
  • Central Russian
  • Other


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