What is remarkable about the Burgundy breed of rabbits and what are the features of its content, you will learn from our article. The reddish-fawn representatives of the hare family, well known in Europe and the USA, came to Russia only at the end of the last century. Since then, many rabbit breeders willingly bred this species, considering it a profitable investment. In addition to good performance in the meat direction, animals have established themselves as owners of high-quality wool, suitable for making clothes.
The origin of the breed
The progenitors of modern small pale-fiery rabbits with round ears, strangely enough, are giant gray Belgians.
In past centuries, the gray breed of rabbits has been in great demand in animal husbandry. At the beginning of the last century, French breeders of the Burgundy region crossed two Belgian subspecies - the New Zealand red and California. Thus was born a new species of eared - "fauve de Bourgogne". The French name can be translated as "fawn". That is the color of fur in animals.
These individuals are very fond of the cattle breeders of the USA, Canada, Australia, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Austria, Sweden. In Russia, rabbits of the Burgundian breed appeared in the early 90s of the last century and today have gained great popularity among breeders.
Lovers-rabbit breeders willingly give birth to these fiery fluffies, not only for business, but also as pets.
Features exterior burgundy rabbits
The appearance of the Burgundian rabbit breed is very attractive. Proportionally correct body, slightly oblong, up to 50 cm long. The eared back and chest are markedly wide. The head of the Burgundians is slightly elongated, is kept on a short neck, the ears are spoon-like, short, about 12-14 cm.
The fur of the Burgundy Rabbit breeds looks extraordinary. Saturated coat color is light brown with red, even fiery, tinged distributed throughout the body of the animal very evenly.
Too bright shade, spots or blotches of other colors are a disadvantage. The rabbit's fur is thick with a noticeable shine, elastic, but coarse. Length of hair reaches 3 cm.
Rabbits have a shaped dehydration. The average weight of individuals from 4 to 4.5 kg, sometimes - up to 5.5 kg. Breed is considered medium-meat. The maximum weight of the animals reach 7-8 months.
Muscle mass is most noticeable in the back. But the front paws are quite developed and strong.
Characteristic differences breed
Pure-burgurdtsev can be attributed to the universal. They contain not only because of the meat, but for the sake of the skin.
The Burgundian rabbits are famous for the fiery color of fur.
Despite the fact that the coat is rough to the touch, its density is more than 16 thousand hairs per 1 square meter. see. This indicator is sufficient for the manufacture of long-wearing tops - hats or fur coats.
The advantage is that the females of this breed have the ability to bring large offspring. From 10 to 14 rabbits, which almost all survive, are born in a single circle. Therefore, breeding them profitable.
Breed differs in good immunity. Intestinal diseases that are dangerous for many species of eared livestock, to a lesser extent, affect the Burgundians. The paws of rabbits are heavily trimmed - this quality allows them to be kept in cages with a grid floor.
The only drawback is not a very high rate of weight gain after two months of age.
Any description of the Burgundy rabbit contains data about the unpretentiousness of their content. And indeed it is. Burgundians do not tolerate, like all other breeds of rabbits, only dampness, wind, drafts and extreme heat with direct sunlight.
The recommended size of cells is 80x60x60 cm. For adults it can be made completely from the grid. And for rabbits with young stock wooden floor is best suited. The optimum temperature in the rabbitry for representatives of this breed should be kept at the level of 10-20 degrees. Moisture necessary for comfortable content - no more than 60%.
Young animals are separated from the mother about a week before the new one. By sex, rabbits are settled when they reach the age of 3 months. Males of this breed do not like neighbors, and females can be settled on 3-4 individuals on one territory.
Every day, change the rabbit water to drink and litter. Fill the trough as emptying.
Burgundy rabbits can easily live with a person as a pet. The life span of individuals is 10 years.
Reproductive features of the Burgundians
The Burgundian rabbits are considered particularly prolific. The female matures by 4 months, but it is best to mate them after 5 months, and the male must be at least 6 months old.
Duration of pregnancy - 1 month. Fresh drinking water in the cage of the rabbit is the key to the safety of the newborn baby rabbits. With a lack of fluid, she can eat a cub.
Toddlers are born blind and naked. Rabbit eyes open for 12-14 day. Up to this point, their survival depends almost entirely on the behavior of the mother. In burgundok excellent maternity characteristics, they almost always retain fully the entire brood.
The most high-quality individuals in multiple brood appear in a rabbit of the Burgundian breed at the age of 2-3 years.
In winter, pregnant females are transferred to closed rooms, where the temperature is maintained at +18 degrees. With such an atmosphere, proper feeding and the obligatory availability of clean drinking water, the host will receive litter from young rabbits all year round.
Special nutritional recommendations do not give any description of the breed. The main thing is the variety and quality.
Do not allow moldy rabbits to fall into the feeders.
In the food of eared burgundy breed must be present:
- hay or fresh greens;
Other vegetables are allowed raw or boiled.
In the warm season it is necessary to give the rabbits plenty of greens - grass, meadow flowers, young shoots. In addition, animals should periodically sprinkle wheat, sunflower, or corn grains in the feed troughs; excellent protein foods are legumes. In winter, instead of fresh grass give hay.
Ensure that rabbits have access to clean drinking water. In the summer the need for it will be less, because fresh greens contain a lot of liquid.
Rabbit breeders recommend using concentrated feed and mixed fodder for feeding Burgundy animals. Their ratio in the daily diet should not exceed one tenth of the total weight of the food of rabbits.
Fiery Red Burgundy Health
As previously reported, the Burgundy breed rabbits are quite resistant immunity to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. But there is a chance to get sick. Therefore, it is important for the farmer to carefully monitor the state of the livestock.
Note that the normal body temperature of a healthy rabbit is 38.5-39.5 degrees. Pulse is normal - 120-150 beats per minute. Healthy individuals are active, willingly eat food, their fur has a noticeable gloss, the ears are clean, the behavior has no drastic changes.
A change in health can be signaled by a changed color of feces or urine. If you have any signs of illness, contact your veterinarian. Meet another breed in the article "Characteristics of the Viennese blue rabbits."
Please write in the comments if you have any experience in breeding rabbits of the Burgundy breed. What are their qualities most attractive to you.
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